A brief analysis or list of various types of Indian foods or cuisine

We all love eating delicious foods and this is a major part of our enjoyment in life. We dance in joy whenever we come across a new food item from other regions of our country. India is a vast country with innumerable cultures, languages, foods etc. This article gives a brief description of major Indian foods which are widely appreciated in our country as well as globally.

India is a country with second highest population in the world. It has thirty states in all. People of several languages reside here with different cultures and religions. And different foods too! The common foods of India are rice, dal, chapatti, subji etc which are available all around the country. But specific regions have specific foods. These foods are very tasty and can be classified according to their nature, appearance, taste, colour and volume. These foods can also be classified according the timings of eating i.e breakfast, lunch and dinner. But to make more convenient to understand for people of all around the globe, let's explain it region-wise. That will be more convenient for clarification.

1.The eastern extravanza

This part of India includes the states of Assam, Arunanchal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Odisha and West Bengal. Both vegetarian and non-vegetarian are the preferred foods here. We know that the eastern India grows a lot of rice everywhere starting from houses to beaches, mountains. The state of Assam is world famous for producing the highest amount of tea-dusts from its region. This region also includes Cherrapunji, the city which is famous for highest rainfall in the world. The foods cooked here are prepared from green vegetables and fruits which are also predominant in this part of India. In states like Odisha and West Bengal, cattle are found in herds. So, milk and its by-products are used to make various types of sweets. The states of this reason are very close to the boarders of China, Myanmar etc. So, the foods of these countries like tandoor are preferred here very much.
The process of preparing foods here is very simple. People generally steam and fry with mustard oil or ghee to make different desserts. The spices used in curries or mix fries are mustard seeds, desi panch phutan which is again a mix of five spices, chillies, hing etc. Some popular items to name are:- vegetable fried rice, lemon rice, curd rice, hing rice, mix vegetable curry, fish curry, chicken curry and biryani, pannier curry, soups, peda, sandesh, rasgolla, pickles of different kinds etc.

2.The Juicy flavour of western India

This region includes the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, parts of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Goa and Daman & Diu. The island of Lakshyadwip falls to the south west of India. This region is famous for fancy and varieties of foods in different states. The people of Rajasthan love hot spices and big amount of delicious meat. The people of Gujarat love green vegetables, dairy products. The people in Maharashtra, Goa, and Daman & Diu like the marine foods, various meats and vegetables etc.
The popular method of preparing foods in these states is tandoor fry and spicing, sweetening etc. The popular foods here are dhokla (a steamed cake made of pulses and maize flour) and khaman (spiced and dense yoghurt used as complementary to dhokla), Khakra (a cripsy and crunchy bread), puris (thin and small flatbread fried in ghee), spicy goan curry, shrikhand (spiced butter and yoghurt), pork vindaloo (hot and tangy pork dish), puran poli (a sweet pan fried bread), all types of marine foods etc.

3.The north Indian sweet and sour

This region of India includes the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir. People in Delhi and its immediate neighboring states prefer all kind of foods in their meals. But in states like Punjab where wheat is a major crop of harvest in cultivation, people prefer to eat breads, naans, chapattis, makhni dal etc at all times of eating. In Himachal and Jammu & Kashmir, being a suitable climax for fruit production, the amount of fruits and its products like fruit juices, fruit salads, fruit cakes are a major part of making a party or feast. All non veg items are preferred all around the country. There is no question of opposition to it except some group of religionists and some natural heritage interested gentlemen who show the path to save the living species of nature.
The popular methods of preparing foods here is mixing, flavourising, spicing, tandoor-frying etc. The popular food items are butter naan, butter chicken, dal makhni, Navratan korma(nine gem curry), mughlai items, aaloo dum(a juicy potatoe curry), rogan josh(a lamb recipe) etc.

4.The south Indian hot menu

This part of India includes the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu. The Andaman and Nicober islands falls to the south-east of India. The city of Bengaluru, which is regarded as the best place for IT and computer technology in India, falls in this region. It is also the capital city of the Karnataka state. People here are highly qualified and very gentle in behavior and courtesy. According to the statistics department of the Government of India, the Kerala state has the highest literacy rate in India. People here encourage education strictly to all the children and never allow them to avoid any discipline and be out of control. And well, in the context of foods, people here mostly prefer very hot dishes with chilly. All the four south Indian states grow and harvest the black grams(udad dal) and green grams(mung dal) in large quantities. In India, the state of Tamilnadu is famous for harvesting the highest amount of desi almonds(badam), while Kerala is known for its extreme cultivation of coconuts. Coconut oil is used here for cooking, massaging the body and other important activities too. Export and import quality of coconut oil packs are produced and supplied from here around the country and the globe as well.
The principal method of cooking or preparing foods here are steaming, juicing, hot-spicing etc. Major items of food are idli( a medium and rounded size steamed cake made from the paste of black gram and raw rice) and sambhar(a juicy supplement for idli, made from potatoes, drumsticks and a dal with hot spices), dosa(a flat fried savory cake made from the same paste of idli with some vegetable stuffs), vada(small, round and thick cake with a hole in the middle made from the dense paste of raw rice and black gram, fried in oil or ghee), stir-fried potato, gunpowder-chutney(molaha podi) etc. All types of non-veg items and marine foods are also preferred here because of the states being close to the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south and the Arabian Sea in the west.


Author: Chitra10 Oct 2012 Member Level: Gold   Points : 0

Good article Aditya Das. You have clearly mentioned the food style followed in different parts of India. I belong to South India, and I agree there the foods are really spicy and hot.

Author: Aditya Das11 Oct 2012 Member Level: Gold   Points : 0

Hi Chitra,

Thanks for reading my article and giving compliments.

Author: sunil dahiya11 Oct 2012 Member Level: Silver   Points : 1

Dear Aditya Das very nice article you have written, very helpful for food lover and can be used in daily life.
Thanks for giving such a nice information from all region four country.

With regards
Sunil Dahiya

Author: Aditya Das11 Oct 2012 Member Level: Gold   Points : 0

Sunil thanks for the compliments.

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