Beautiful tourist sights of Delhi


This is the article on "Beautiful tourist sights of Delhi". In this I have included famous historical sights such as Red Fort, Gateway of India, Raj Ghat, Akshardham, etc which are worth to visit in this city.

Delhi with its noise and chaos can result in confusion at a casual acquaintance. But we should not get irritated first impressions of this truly multidimensional metropolis. Try to explore the capital closer, and you'll quickly discover that the city is replete with fascinating ancient monuments and magnificent museums. As one of the historical capitals of the world, Delhi has many attractions. In terms of its location, the city is a two totally different worlds, "old" and "new", each of which is a completely different picture. Spacious New Delhi was built by the British as the imperial capital of India. Designed by renowned British architect Edwin Luchensom, he is a modern city in the European style. In addition to places of historical interest, possessing government buildings and embassies. Old Delhi was the capital of Islamic India. Attractions of this part of the city include mosques, forts and other monuments of the history of India. Visitors to the city have the opportunity to delve into that and the other world. Three sights of Delhi - Qutub Minar, Red Fort and Humayun's Tomb - included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. This article describes only the most notable landmarks.

Red Fort


Red Fort in Delhi is one of the most important historical monuments of India, embodies the long period of Indian history, the symbol of architectural beauty and power of the ruling dynasties of India. The main attractions of the fort is the Diwan-i-Am (Hall of public audiences), Diwan-I-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), Rang Mahal (Palace of Motley). There are shops, a museum of art, the Archaeological Museum, the Memorial Museum. In 2007, the Red Fort was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan started construction of the massive fort in 1638, 10 years after the work was completed. Fortress-palace became an important center of the medieval Shahdzhahanabada where Shah Jahan moved his capital from the city of Agra . The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort of Delhi is the pinnacle of Mughal creativity during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. Subsequent emperors of India extended complex construction of new buildings. In the days of British rule, the fort was mainly used as a camp for the war, and even after independence, much of the fort remained at the disposal of the Indian Army. In December 2003, the Army gave the fort to the Indian authorities, and since it is used as a tourist attraction of Delhi. Bahadur Shah II was the last Mughal emperor, who held the fort. Despite the fact that the Red Fort was the center of imperial power of the Mughal Empire and was a stronghold during the revolt against the British in 1857, it is not defended. After the defeat of the uprising, Bahadur Shah II became a prisoner of the British in the Red Fort. The Red Fort is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Old Delhi . On the anniversary of its independence from Great Britain (August 15 of each year), from the Prime Minister of India addresses the people of India. It is the largest historical monument in Old Delhi.

Gateway of India


Originally known as All India War Memorial, India Gate is a famous symbol of Delhi, memorializing 90,000 British India Army soldiers who gave their lives in the First World and the Third Anglo-Afghan wars. Names of soldiers engraved on the walls. After the country's independence, India Gate became the site Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of Indian Army, at the foot of which the eternal flame. Today, a visit to India Gate is a program of state visits by foreign heads of state. Green lawns around India Gate are a popular holiday destination, day and night. Each year in New Delhi, India celebrates Republic Day. Indian Army soldiers and citizens who take part in the celebration, pass through India Gate.

Akshardham


Hindu temple complex Akshardham reflects the thousand year old tradition of Indian and Hindu culture and is a famous landmark of Delhi. The complex is visited by approximately 70% of the tourists coming to Delhi. Akshardham was officially opened on 6 November 2005. In 2007, got into the Guinness World Records as the largest Hindu temple in the world. The complex consists of a large church in the center, is a mixture of architectural styles from different regions of India . The temple is built of pink sandstone and Italian marble, without the use of steel or concrete. The height of the temple is 43 meters, width - 96 m, length - 110 m, from top to bottom is covered with carved images of flora and fauna, dancers, musicians, gods (there are only 20 000 sculptures). The complex Akshardham can take a boat trip on artificial channels and get to 10,000-year history of India, about 12 minutes. Large garden with manicured lawns, trees and shrubs have many bronze statues of national leaders and freedom fighters of the country. There is a movie theater with a wide-screen TV, a musical fountain, gardens, cafes, shops.

Gurdwara Bangla Sahib


Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is the most famous temple of the Sikhs in Delhi , known for its involvement in Har Krishanu, one of the ten gurus that formed Sikhism. Water pond in the center of the complex is considered sacred by the Sikhs. First a small temple was built in 1783 during the reign of the Mughals. Temple instantly recognizable by their characteristic golden dome high flagpole. Bangla Sahib and the pond is a place of pilgrimage for both Sikhs and Hindus. Especially a lot of believers is going to mark the birth anniversary of Guru Har Krishan and death anniversary of Ranjit Singh, the founder of an independent Sikh state.

Raj Ghat


Raj Ghat - the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi on the banks of river Yamuna. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the architects of the movement for India's independence from Britain, falling at the hands of an assassin 30 January 1948. Black marble platform is installed in place of cremation of Gandhi. Memorial is designed to reflect the simplicity of the life of Mahatma Gandhi. It is located in the open, with the edge of the platform eternal flame. Today, Raj Ghat attracts up to 10,000 visitors a day and is a must place to visit foreign leaders, regardless of political ideology. As a sign of respect, visitors are required to remove your shoes before you walk up to the memorial. The memorial ceremony is held every Friday. Here, hold a prayer service on the anniversary of Gandhi's birth and death.

Humayun's Tomb


Located in Delhi Humayun tomb was built on the orders of his wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562. It was the first garden tomb is surrounded by the Indian subcontinent, and the first building, to use red sandstone at such a large scale. The tomb was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993, and since then has held a significant restoration work going on so far. Tomb architecture has set the standard for all later Mughal monuments, which followed its design, especially the Taj Mahal. The complex includes the tomb of Emperor Humayun, the graves of his wife Hamida Begum and other well-known representatives of the Moguls. It is seen as a clear departure from the fairly modest mausoleum of his father, the first Mughal emperor Babur in Kabul (Afghanistan). Although the latter became the first emperor, who began the tradition of burial in the walled garden.

Qutub Minar


Another famous landmark is the Delhi Qutub Minar, the tallest brick minaret in the world (72.6 m). Qutb Minar is included in the list of World Heritage Sites. Construction began in 1193 on the orders of the first Muslim ruler of India Qutb-ud-Din Aibek, continued during the reign Iltutmysha and last fifth tier completed Firuz Shah Tughluq in 1368. Qutub Minar is notable in that it is one of the earliest and best examples of Indo-Islamic architecture. It is surrounded by several ancient and medieval ruins, collectively known as Qutub. In the photo you can see the unfinished minaret Ala-i-Minar. It sought to build twice the Qutub Minar. The construction of the Ala-i-Minar was terminated when the building reached a height of 24.5 m At the time of completion of the Qutub Minar was the tallest "skyscraper" in the world, apart from the Egyptian pyramids at Giza . The tower is remarkably well preserved and still is an impressive sight. The upper part of the minaret twice rebuilt after the earthquake. Access to the tower is no longer allowed, but for a small fee, you can see the scenery through the installed cameras on the top of the minaret.

Chandni Chowk


Popular market Chandni Chowk in Delhi continues to keep alive the legacy of the old Shahdzhahanabada. Legend has it that Shah Jahan founded Chandni Chowk to his daughter could make the necessary purchases. Once the market share channels. Channels are now moved past, but Chandni Chowk remains Asia's largest wholesale market. Here you can find a huge variety of all kinds of products. Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets in central Delhi. While in Delhi, be sure to visit Chandni Chowk, if you feel the flavor of culture and life of India. In the narrow streets bustle reigns, counters piled goods, air disclosed shouting vendors, scurrying here and there are people all over the aroma of food - a true Indian exotica.

Lotus Temple


Baha'i house of worship, better known as the Lotus Temple, a famous landmark of Delhi. Construction was completed in 1986, is considered the mother of temples in India. Lotus Temple, has attracted wide attention in the architectural, religious, government, and other circles, has won numerous architectural awards, was described in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. In the temple, you will not find a single straight line, and his second name was due to the shape of a lotus flower. Around the temple beautiful, landscaped park. As in all other chapels Baha'i Lotus Temple is open to all, regardless of religion or any other differences. Baha'i stresses that the meeting house is a place of meeting, where people of all religions may worship God without denominational restrictions. The main topics of the Baha'i teachings - the unity of God, the unity of religions and the unity of mankind. Since the start of worship in December 1986 and the end of 2002, Bethesda Baha'is in Delhi has attracted over 50 million visitors, making it one of the most visited architectural structures in the world. The number of visitors exceeds the world famous Taj Mahal (previously surpassed even the famous Eiffel Tower .) In the days of Hindu festivals it collects 150,000 believers annually receives about four million visitors.

Purana Qila


Purana Qila (Old Fort in translation) is a good example of medieval military architecture. Founded by Mughal emperor Humayun in 1533, Purana Qila with neighborhoods is the sixth city of Delhi. Fort walls rise to a height of 18 meters with a total length of about 1.5 km. To the fortress are three gates. Purana Qila is different from the well-designed, carefully decorated palace fortresses later Mughal rulers. There is no palace complexes, office buildings and other commonly found in later built fortresses. The main purpose of this now dilapidated fort was its utility, with less emphasis on external decoration and luxury. Remained within the fortress are two important buildings: the mosque Qila-i-Kuna and tower Sher Mandal.

Lakshmi Narayan Temple


Hindu Lakshmi Narayan temple was built in the years 1933-1939 in honor of Lakshmi (Hindu goddess of abundance, prosperity, wealth), and her husband Narayana (a popular deity in the Hindu religion). Temple is one of the main attractions of Delhi and attracts thousands of devotees during the Hindu festival of Diwali and Janmashtami. The temple is decorated with carvings depicting Hindu mythology.

Tughlakabad fort


Dilapidated fort Tughlakabad in Delhi was built Gias-ud-Din Tughluk, the founder of Tughluq dynasty in 1321, and abandoned six years later, in 1327. According to legend, during one of his journeys, Ghazi Malik, the vassal rulers of the dynasty Khildzhi suggested Sultan Mubarak Khildzhi construction of the fort near the southern part of Delhi. But the sultan just laughed and offered himself vassal to build a fort, when it becomes the Sultan. In 1321 Ghazi Malik seized power in the Sultanate, took the name of Gias-ud-Din Tughluq and founded a new dynasty of Tughlak. To realize his dream, he ordered all residents of Delhi to participate in the construction of the fortress. This caused a conflict with the Sultan Nizamuddin Aulia Sufi preacher, became a legend in India. Nizamuddin attracted residents for construction of the reservoir, but, due to the duty to work on the construction of the fortress, the construction of the reservoir was abandoned. As a result of the Sufi cursed the Sultan and his castle. Curse come true, Sultan dies in 1324, and the fort was abandoned several years later. From its former power remained only part of the walls and the tomb Gias-ud-Din Tughluq, which you can see in the second photo.

Mausoleum of Nizamuddin


Nizamuddin mausoleum - a place of worship of one of the most famous in the world of Sufi saints, Nizamuddin Auliya. Located in Delhi mausoleum is visited by thousands of Muslims as well as Hindus, Christians, people of other religions, a lot of tourists.

Safdardzhanga tomb


Safdardzhanga tomb also known as marble mausoleum Safdardzhanga, was built by Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah in Delhi. The mausoleum was built in 1754 and described as "the last glint of Mughal architecture." Surrounded by a large mausoleum "Mughal gardens", its facade is decorated with plaster carvings.

Church of St. James


Church of St. James - the Anglican Church in New Delhi, was built in 1836 by Colonel James Skinner, one of the oldest Christian churches in the city. She served as the cathedral of the Viceroyalty of the church before the construction of the Cathedral of Salvation in 1931.

Jama Masjid


Jama Masjid is the principal mosque of Old Delhi. Construction began on the orders Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and completed in 1628. It is the largest and most famous mosque in India. The inner area of the mosque can hold up to 25,000 visitors.

Rashtrapati Bhavan


Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India in New Delhi. Prior to 1950 it was called "The House of the Viceroy," and served as the residence of viceroy and governor-general of India. Currently, it is the largest residence of the head of state in the world. The building was planned to 4 years, but the First World War made his changes and construction lasted 19 years. In general, the structure of the building is quite different from other contemporary British Colonial symbols. The residence has 340 rooms with total area of 19 000 m ². The building is constructed of 700 million bricks, steel, almost never used. On the back of the Rashtrapati Bhawan is a garden, open to the public in February of each year.


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Comments

Author: Juana28 Feb 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 8

I would like to add to the list of tourist spots in New Delhi –
1. The National Rail Museum located in Chanakyapuri has an impressive display of vintage train engines and coaches. The museum has outdoor as well as indoor exhibits. The indoor section has interesting, interactive models and other artefacts belonging to a bygone era. One of the exhibits in the indoor section is a letter penned by one Okhil Babu, which is quite hilarious.
2. Chattarpur Temple which is close to Qutub Minar. Both places can be covered in the same day.
3. When visiting Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, at Ashoka Road, you can also step into the Sacred Heart Cathedral, a Catholic Church, which is also located at Ashoka Road. It is one of the oldest Catholic Churches in Delhi and shares its campus with St. Columba’s High School, where Sharukh Khan studied. Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Chandini Chowk is also famous with a lot of history. It can be covered when visiting the Red Fort. Similarly, Gurdwara Damdama Sahib can be visited when going to Humayun’s Tomb.
4. Abutting the Purana Qila is the National Zoological Park, which exhibits some rare species of animals and birds. There is an abundance of migratory birds in this zoo, during winter months.
5. Jantar Mantar in Connaught Place.
6. National Science Centre in Pragriti Maidan has some awesome displays.

Author: Partha K.18 Mar 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 6

Delhi is one of the oldest cities of India. It has been the center of attraction of many kings and common people throughout the ages. There are many tourist spots in this great city, some of which are known and some are relatively lesser-known. The author and Juana have mentioned most of the well-known tourist spots of the city. Some lesser-known spots of Delhi are:-

(i) Gandhi Smriti and Raj Ghat: A visit to Gandhi Smriti will show the tourist the exact spot where Mahatma Gandhi, was assassinated on January 30, 1948. He lived in the house for 144 days till his death.
(ii) Chor Minar, Hauz Khas: This little known monument with a terrible history is in a residential area at Hauz Khas. The Minar has 225 holes and the story reveals that severed heads of thieves were displayed in these holes.
(iii) Garden of Five Senses: The Garden of Five Senses is not just a park, it is a space with a variety of activities. The twenty-acre site, located at Said-Ul-Azaib village close to the Mehrauli heritage area, is spectacular. The Garden was inaugurated in February 2003.
(iv) St. John's Church, Mehrauli : Located in the Christian Colony inside the old village of Mehrauli, this church represents architectural splendor of three styles: a Mughal-style gateway with ornate calligraphy, and a normal looking red church topped with a spire similar to a Hindu temple.
(v) Chilla Nizamuddin: It is the monastery of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, Delhi's most prominent Sufi saint, on the ramparts of Humayun's tomb. A pir still stays there.
(vi) Agrasen Ki Baoli: It is located at Hailey Road. Th enormity of the step-well exceeds expectations, and the sight of a 400-year old construction gives the glimpses of the old charm of the city.

There are many more tourist spots in this great city. Concluding my response, I congratulate the author for this beautiful an informative article.

Author: Sanjeev Gupta22 Oct 2018 Member Level: Gold   Points : 4

Delhi is the city of monuments. Apart from the monuments referred to by the author in the article, there are few more monuments which are lesser known to the people-

Lodhi Garden is one of the beautiful places in Delhi. It is a garden having the tomb of Lodhi. It is managed by the archaeological department of India.

Jantar Mantar is one of the lesser known monuments in Delhi. It is said to be made by the king of Jaipur.

The ISKON temple is known to be the biggest temple in Delhi. It is a well-known temple devoted to Lord Krishna.

Agrasen ki Baoli is a step well and is a protected monument which is situated near Cannought Place in Delhi.

Kalka mandir is one of the shrines in Delhi and is devoted to Goddess Kali. Daily thousands of devotees come here to get the blessings of Kali Mata.

Apart from this there is Delhi zoo which is a home for many species of animals and birds.



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