India is a home of multi religions, different cultures and languages. It is proud to every Indian to be ideal to every country in honoring the quality of "unity in diversity" We are secular by birth. Our traditions and cultures stated to be live as secular and our constitution pronounced 'India is secular State for harmony among different religions to lead peaceful life. Sometimes the problems among religions disturb the harmony in India. It leads to tensions between faiths of people's religions and development for modern India. The people have been going to erase the sensitive line between politics and religions and to be provoked to change the faiths of religion in to political slogans. In many sequences the "Rama Janma Bhoomi (the birth place of Rama, Ayodhya), Babri Masjid (the Masjid built by Babar) and Rama Sethu (Bridge built by God Rama between Sri Lanka and Bharath)" are plays a key role in as prime element for politics. Here a religion faith became political slogan for political advantageous. There is need to observe secular basics, articles and laws from the background of above situations.
Mostly the greatest democratic Governments are of the countries are secular States. Secular State means the relation between people and Govt. rule of administration is not on the faiths of religion, but the Govt. continues its rule on the base of Law and order irrespective of faiths of any religion, it is secular. It is thought of thinking material world and experiencing of things happened across the world and comments or analyses with an observational knowledge. The religion tries to tell about other world (Lokam) which is unknown to us.
The word 'secular' was first introduced by George Jacob Holyoke a scientist in sociology in 19th century. The word secular is derived from a Latin word "Seculum". It means generation. As per the time being the government and its administration and an important motivator in those days the 'religion' is separated from the Church. There the Church rule came to end gradually. Later the Government formation and its Rule on the base of the constitution coming in to force which was popularized more in the public.
Secular thought and different shades
The belief of 'secular thought' in the people of kingdom has two shades like two sides of a coin. One is political and another is religion. The 'secular' feel in the history of empire rule is a friction between King (politics) and Church (religion). In olden days everything in the life style of people will be decided by the religion or priests. The king and emperor also will have to be followed situations prevailed in the society which were dead lined by the priests of the religion.
So the 'secular' thought believed as a fringe with friction between politics and religion. Then they should have a thought to separate politics from religion which will be caused for tensions and misappropriations. Secular thought can be described as a social revolution as the people were restricted by the King and Church and they immediately want to relieve from them and lead their life free with peace irrespective of religion and king. The social revolutions gradually administered their governments in the name of Democracy with prime object of "Secular thought".
the diversity in Indian thought
The above items are mostly related to foreign countries where the church interferes in all affairs in those countries. Gradually the evolutions journeyed towards democratic setup there. But in India the different situations located unlike foreign countries. There are different religions with different faiths and races in India. So there are three main prime options before Indian government 1) It has to separate religion from politics 2) To establish harmony among religions 3) and to give equal status in the society. The constitution council of India with the chairmanship of Dr. Ambedkar placed the "secular thought" in our constitution.
the main features of "secular" State
The great prominent philosopher, the second president of democratic India, Dr. Sarvepalli Radha Krishanan described the secular thought as follows;
1) Secular feel means the state of society is not without 'religion' 2) it is not against 'religion' 3) and not earthly wealthy desires and happiness. It is only a search of devotional values in different routes.
Constitution amendment –up gradation of secular thought
The word 'secular' did not mention in elementary constitution. The word introduced in preamble of the constitution with the 42nd amendment of constitution in 1976. The introduction of this word 'secular' in the constitution the " secularism" in constitution specified and developed the feel of secularism in India. Apart from the " secularism" plays a majority role and take in to consider before implementation of a project in India.
Secularism- Articles of Constitution
The constitution has framed the ' secularism' in different articles. The parliament made Laws in accordance with the secularism. We can observe some items related to secular have been mentioned in some articles for example 1) the word " secularism" mentioned in the preface of Indian constitution. 2) Recognition of freedom of religion 3) elaborated common citizenship in conditional rules 4) requisition of to maintain peace and patience at other religions. These are said to be some major factors for example. These factors have been given in detailed as following:
Preface (preamble) is the heart of the Indian constitution. The word 'secular' placed in the preface means to be every Indian that the secularism is the soul of the heart. The land mark of secularity is to identify the freedom of faith and worship of an individual belongs to any religion in India under the Indian constitution. That is the main concept of secularism in preface of the constitution.
fundamental Rights – Secularism
The idea of Secular freedom in third part of the constitution is treated as main fundamental right of in Indian constitution as:
The above rights and freedom are the items to indicate the implementation of secularism.
According to the article-44, the constitution directs the Government to provide common citizenship in order to achieve integrity of the country, comprehended and we are able to guess the problems which are arising from religion and also controlled problems beforehand. The constitution provides the right that any religion is not a major obstacle to a candidate for contesting in the election. No religion can stop the candidate from contesting in election, if he desires.
These are all the examples and evidences of the secularism.
Secularism, Controversies, and Judgments' from Supreme Court
Even though the word 'secular government' was not written in our constitution, the Articles-25 to 28 in fundamental rights emphasized our country India is a secular Government state by supreme court that in a controversy between Xavier college Vs. State of Gujarat (1974), the supreme Court gave judgment that India is secular government of India. S R Bommai Vs. State of Karnataka (1994) case judgment, the supreme Court said that the secularism is the internal part of fundamental part of the constitution and also cautioned that who de-stabilize the secularism will be punished under the Article-356. Secularism will be seen through reason and constructive. We can establish harmony and honor through teachings of values of other religions in the schools. So that any situation in the society will not de-stabilize secularism in a case (2003) Aruna Roy Vs. Indian Union the Supreme Court opined. Along with some guide lines had announced for the safety of secularism.
Main Items that improves secularism
Anyhow there is no harm until the freedom of religion and individual faiths use for the progress and devotional thought improves, otherwise it uses for the violation of Law and conflicts among the groups in the name of religion would be threat to the secularism. Then the stern action should be taken on the groups who caused for the de-stabilization. In this sensitive issue, the problem will be tackled with utmost faith and careful handling, otherwise it may threat to the country's integrity and development.
According to Marx, the religion is the "opium of the masses" religion is an expression of material realities and economic injustice. Thus, problems in religion are ultimately problems in society. Religion is not the disease, but merely a symptom. It is used by oppressors to make people feel better about the distress they experience due to being poor and exploited.—
If we do not handle this religion wit care, it will create violence among the masses with terror. It is like liquor; it violates all the norms of secularism and mars the masses with terrific violence as in the history. The human culture, integrity and development of the country will be spoiled. So we do learn lessons from the history to make our lives safe with peace using our soul " secularism" in our preamble of our constitution.
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Trinadha Rao Sambangi, very true you have rightly and simply explained a topic which is generally complexed among the innocent masses by the selfish politicians. On the basis of my personal experience I have many muslim and sikh friends but never ever we have had any kind of difference amongst ourselves, infact we have enjoyed beautiful moments together, celebrated all festivals, shared each others success with pride and joy.
As per W.H.Carls: "There should be no politics in Religion, and there should be no politics without religion"
My apeal to the Indians is that they should use their own wisdom and not be lead away by the selfish opportunist politicians.
I have read this excellent article right now. The author has written this brilliant article from a idealistic point of view. I am expressing my views on this issue:-
(i) The word 'secular' was not there in the original Preamble of the Constitution of India.
(ii) This word was introduced by the very controversial 42nd Amendment in 1976 during the emergency.
(iii) Later all the provisions of the 42nd Amendment were withdrawn by the 46th Amendment except this word.
(iv) Secularism actually means separation of state from religion. In the Indian context, it means showing equal respect for all religions, which is practically not possible.
(v) As per Fundamental Rights of the citizens of India, every religion can teach its own culture and establish its own religious schools.
(vi) Although, it has been mentioned in the Constitution that every community is free to propagate its own religion in a peaceful manner, in actuality it is not always possible.
(vii) It is also stated in the Fundamental Rights of the Constitution that the religious sentiments of any community must not be hurt.
There are various anomalies in the practical aspects of secularism in our country. I would expect that the author of this article would definitely take up the issue (anomalies) in another article.