GSLV-D5 rocket launched by ISRO


A New era has started in the history Indian Space Research organisation(ISRO) by successfully launching GSLV-D5 Rocket which was developed by using Desi cryogenic technology. This is one of the biggest achievement so far in the history of ISRO. In this article I am going to present the complete details regarding to this mission and the uses of the GSAT 14 satellite.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has given the New Year gift to the citizens of India. At last the hard work of our scientists has come true.

This is how this historic event has happened.

How they Launch GSLV-D5(Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) :

On Sunday evening at 4.18 hours GSLV-D5 has taken off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre present in Andhra Pradesh. After 17.8 minutes from the launch and at the height of 213.51 meters height placed the GSAT 14 satellite into the earth orbit.

This entire mission has taken place in three stages. At first 4.8 seconds before the countdown gets zero they burn the four motor ignites which are attached to the rocket. When countdown gets to zero these four engines started fully and rocket start its journey with huge fire.
GSLV-D5 rocketCourtesy:ndtv.com

In first stage :

they burn the four engines which are filled with 138.2 Tons solid state fuel. When the rocket reaches to 70.5 KM height and at the time of 2.29 Minutes these engines are removed from the rocket. Then in another two seconds first phase motor also removed from the rocket.

Second Stage :

Then the motor which is filled with 39.5 Tons of Liquid state fuel started working. At 4.49 minutes and at the height of 132.30 KM height second phase engine also removed from the rocket.

Third stage :

It is the most important stage in the entire journey. After the removal of the second stage from the rocket immediately third engine which was developed fully by using desi cryogenic engine started working. At 16.55 minutes and 205.65 KM height then the third phase cryogenic motor also removed from the rocket by pushing GSAT-14 satellite.
Three stages of GSLV-D5Courtesy:ndtv.com

Then with the speed of 9777.7 meters/second GSAT-14 satellite has reached the earth orbit.

The entire mission complete at 17.8 minutes by placing the satellite at a height of 213.51 Km from the sea level.

Experiment details :

  1. Rocket Height: 49.13 meters.
  2. Weight:144.75 TONS (Including satellite).
  3. Weight of the satellite: 1,982 Kilos.
  4. Project value: 305 cores.
  5. Time period of the satellite

Rocket.Courtesy:ndtv.com

what is cryogenic engine :

Weight of the rocket and the amount of the fuel are main things for any space launching program. With this they calculate the distance travelled by the rocket and the weight it lifts. So for this they have to fill more fuel with less weight so that the weight of the rocket gets reduced and it helps to carry heavy weight satellites.

In Second World War period countries like America and Russia has started developing more powerful rockets in this development only we get the cryogenic engine. This engine is filled with cryogenic engine or oxidized fuels. It means at very low temperature of -150 to -253 degree temperature they change the gases into liquids. Like this they make Hydrogen or Oxygen into liquid state and use it as fuel. Using this cryogenic engine we able to land on the moon.

Here is the list of GSLV rockets :

  1. 2001-April-GSLV D1-Satellite (GSAT-1) - Successes.
  2. 2003-May-GSLV D2-Satellite (GSAT-2)-Successes.
  3. 2004-September-GSLV F01-Satellite (GSAT-3)-Successes.
    2006-July-GSLV F02-Satellite (INSAT-4C)-Failure.
  4. 2007-September-GSLV F04-Satellite (INSAT 4CR)-Successes.
  5. 2010-April-GSLV D3-Satellite (GSAT-4)-Fail.
  6. 2010-December-GSLV-F06-Satellite (GSAT-5P)-Fail.
  7. 2014-January-GSLV-D5-Satellite (GSAT-14)-Successes.


GSAT 14 uses :

For desi Television and tale education purposes. For telephone signals and TV signals they arrange 12 transforms (six Ku-band and six Extended C-band transponders) and it also carries two Ka-band beacons to conduct research on how weather affects the ka-band satellite. This satellite works for 12 long years.

Future plans of ISRO :

According to our technology it is taking 9 to 10 months for the manufacturing cryogenic engine. So they are planning to launch another GSLV rocket at the end of this year or the beginning of the New Year. They are planning to launch GSAT-15, 16, 17, 18 satellites. In feature they are planning to launch Chandrayaan-2 also by using this GSLV rocket. They are planning to launch IRNSS-1B by using PSLV c24 and by using PSLV c23 they are planning to launch SPAT 7 satellite and also three Britain satellites. By teaming up with NASA they are planning to launch sintaic opzi satellite by 2020 or 2021 and also using PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) they are planning to launch MARK-3 Satellite.
Rocket take offCourtesy:reddif.com

Conclusion :

ISRO has planned to bag the Space market by launching more GSLV rockets. So far ISRO has launched so many Desi and internationally satellites successfully by improving this technology they are planning to launch so many desi and international satellites.


Article by Revanth
Nagabhyru Revanth is a professional blogger and freelance content writer from Karnataka. Since December, 2013 he is the gold level member in the India study channel. He strongly believes in Real Profiles with Real Updates to own his articles on the web with the brand name.

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