Introduction:After Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara, Rajkot is largest city of Gujrat state. If we consider the growth speed of the city then it in on 22nd rank across the world though it is 35th city ranked across India for urban extension. From Gandhinagar, the state capital of Gujrat Rajkot is 245 km away. The city of 1.28 million population is situated on the banks of Aji and Nyari rivers.
Wandering in city:There are many places in and out of the city. Many fast food centers and restaurants are there for good food. Ice cream parlours and ice gola centers are there around the city for chilling. Purchase trendy and stylish accessories and much more from the shopping malls and markets of the city.
There are many historical places at Rajkot.
Kaba Gandhi no delo: During 1881 to 1887 Mahatma Gandhi spent his childhood days at Rajkot. Kaba Gandhi no delo means Karamchand Gandhi's residence. During this period Karamchand Gandhi was posted as Diwan - prime minister of king of Rajkot state. It is situated at Kadiya Nav line, street no. 8, Sri Lakharaj road, Lohana Para at the Rajkot city. The house is now converted into a museum called "Gandhi Smriti".
Rajkumar College (RKC):During 1870 Rajkumar College (RKC) was opened. As name states it was founded for education of princes and their chiefs by Kathiawad kingdom. The historic college is occupying 26 acre land in the city.
Rastriya Shala: During non-violent movement, this school was founded against Britisher's in 1921.
Alfred high school: Alfred high school also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi high school was known as Rajkot English school when it was founded in 1853. Founder Kernel Singh was political leader. Mahatma Gandhi took his primary education in this school. The school was given name of prince Alfred by HH Nawab of Junagadh in his memory.
Devotional Places: There are many devotional places around the city such as Iscon, Ramkrishna ashram, Bhaktidham, Aashapura temple, Gayatri temple. Famous Mahadeo temple are Panchnath temple, MAhakaleshwar temple, Jagnath temple and Iswarya temple. At Kalawas road, Jamnagar road and Ramkrishna road Swaminarayan temples are situated.
Fun world amusement park: Saya amusement group established Fun world amusement part in 1990. Situated at posh Race course area of Rajkot this amusement park covers 5 acres of area.
Cinema: Watching a cinema is in general. People love to watch movies. In the era of multiplexes you should know the clean places. Some of such cinema houses at Rajkot are Big cinema, Cosmoplex, Galaxy, Girnar, R world big cinemas and Rajshree etc. The tickets can be booked online.
History of RajkotThakur Saheb Vibhaji Ajoji Jadeja of Jadeja royal family and Sunni Muslim Raju Sandhi founded Rajkot in 1612AD. Rajkot is situated in the middle of Saurashtra region of Gujrat state. Rajkot is named in the honor of Raju Sandhi. Jadeja family was ruler of Nawanagar at that time. Nawanagar is known as Jamnagar city now a days.
During 1720 AD, Nawab of Junagadh conquered Rajkot in the lead of deputy Faujdar Masum Khan and it's name changed to Masumabad. In 1722 AD, 8 feet wide wall was built around 4 to 5 km periphery of Masumabad. There were eight gates for entry in the city name as Kotharia Naka (Gate), Nava gate, Raiya gate, Bedi gate, Bhichari gate, Sardhar gate, Pal no Darwaja and Kahdaki gate. During colonial time, the chief engineer of British agency Sir Robert Bell Booth renovated Bedi gate and Raiya naka. They were modified into 3 storied clock towers in 1892, which are still tourist attractions. The constructions of Masumabad during Nawab rule are ruined now.
After Nawab kingdom, Jadeja clan conquered Masumabad again and restored it back into Rajkot. When Bavajiraj Jadeja was ruling he founded Darbargadh - the first princely palace of Rajkot. Lakhajiraj Jadeja, prince of Bavajiraj ruled Jadeja emperor after his father. He constructed Lalpari and Randarda lakes to fulfill daily water needs of the general public of his kingdom. After Lakhajiraj his son Dharmendrasinhji Jadeja and then his second son Prdyumansinhji Jadeja ruled the Rajkot. Till 1948, Rajkot was ruled by Jadeja princes. After independence it was merged into Republic of India. At the time of merger Pradumansinhji Jadeja was ruling on Rajkot.
During British control, Kothi compound of Rajkot was the regional center of Saurashtra agency. Saurashtra agency was founded by East India Company for moderation of all the princely states of the region. Britishers constructed many educational institutions and colonial buildings. Also on the directions of Mahatma Gandhi Rashtriya Shala was founded during this time against British rule.
After independence, Rajkot was the capital of the state of Saurashtra, from 1948 to 1956. In 1956 Saurashtra was merged in Bombay state. On first 1st May 1960, Bombay state was divided into Gujrat and Maharashtra state. From that day Saurashtra and Rajkot are the parts of Gujrat state.
Now a days Rajkot is one of the Loksabha Constituency of Gujrat state. It has 7 assembly constituencies of Gujrat state name as Tankara, Wankaner, Rajkot east, Rajkot west, Rajkot south, Rajkot rural and Jasdan.
So this an information bite about Rajkot city which is having rich historical ups and downs. But this is the city full of culture and prosperity. Hope you are filling proud after reading this short article on the history of Rajkot - one of the great cities of India.
The article gives all the relevant details of the glorious achievements which took place in Rajkot. This would serve as a guide for any one interested to visit Rajkot.
The writer has incorporated all the historic moments with great care making the article worthwhile.
A really good article on Rajkot, the fourth largest town of Gujarat, which is internationally famous as the birth-place of Mahatma Gandhi. I have read the article with interest. However I have found that the author has not mentioned some famous temples of Rajkot like the Jagat Mandir at Yagnik Road, Iswariya Mandir near Madhapur village, Swaminarayan Temple and Panch Nath Mahadeo Temple of Lord Shiva.
Thank you Sheo Shankar Jha for your comment. I will keep all these things in mind while writing other articles also.
Thank you very much Partha Kansabanik for your comment. And thank you for adding the names of famous temples in your comment. I request you to add some more details about these devotional places in your comment itself. It will help you and me also. We all are here for sharing the knowledge. No matter who shares it and how? But sharing of knowledge is important.