IntroductionThe urbanisation has slowly driven away the culture of maintaining a healthy garden and keeping our surroundings good that we inherited from our ancestors. Apartments have replaced the individual houses and interested people find no space to grow a little garden. Yet there are ways and means to have small plantations and greenery in the space available to us.
One of my relatives owns a three storied building in a densely populated area and he chose the terrace with a proper planning to maintain a good garden with various flower pots and some vegetable plants. Some space he left for the cage of birds and looked like a mini bird sanctuary. He also catered some other space to generate solar energy and the terrace looked different from other surroundings and wish I could have taken a photograph of it. So, where there is a will, there is a way.
A garden with proper maintenance looks clean and healthy. While a neglected garden produces weeds and fat garden pests.
How to go about gardening?No matter, what your choice is, whether it could be flowery plants like Rose or Jasmine or vegetables. While maintaining a garden, whether a big one or a smaller one, it is important that soil is to be treated properly as plants need a healthy soil to grow. Loose and sandy soil may not help for the improvement and harder soil like clay would become harder in the long run. Clay soil needs topping up with an organic compost to keep the soil loose and light.
Few tips for the growth of plantsThere are chances of spreading of disease in the plant due to one of the sick plants planted in the garden and a pathogen (bacteria, fungus or virus) that can attack other plants and the humidity and drought conditions that prevail in the surrounding atmosphere. Prevention is better than cure and we should try to check any one of the above factors that influence the health condition of plants we have in our garden.
There should be proper spacing while planting as there would be competition to grab sunlight, moisture and other ingredients that contribute for their growth. Sometimes, lack of space between two plants may result in growth of white powdery mildew in one of the plants and it may creep in to the other leaves of the other plant due to overlapping on one another.
While choosing a plant, see that the roots are firm and looking white. A dark look of the root is a sign of unhealthy quality of the plant and the root system is likely to be badly affected in the coming days. Also the top part should be fresh with leaves. Thus the introduction of the plant in your garden should be the one which is in a healthy condition in its first place. The trimming of the trees and plants should be done at regular intervals, not waiting for the seasons, as it would help in preventing spreading of diseases and the live tissue would have its rebirth to help in the growth of the plants and trees. One more thing to be borne in mind that successful gardening is based on using plants appropriate for your zone and site. Similar to a human's immune system, plants are also prone to diseases which spread from one to other when plants are under attack from an insect or disease. They are also susceptible to stress and cannot react with full strength to fight off or recover from diseases.
Ensure that there is no water logging in the garden as waterlogged soil or pots promote some root-rotting fungi which would target the life of the plant ultimately. A relative airflow around the plants reduces this excessive humidity and allows foliage to dry more quickly.
Wrap upIt is quite common that the spouse who enjoys the spirit of gardening goes out into the garden frequently to check the plants' progress, scout for weeds and insects. He/she would enjoy the time by watering of plants and check whether more water is needed for the growth. Though the tasks seem time-consuming, an hour of work per day usually is enough for a small home vegetable garden. You can have very beautiful and delicious results of your efforts and gardening is something everyone in the household can enjoy. It's only your dedication towards it that matters most.
Jagdish Patro is a freelance writer and a regular contributor to ISC and other websites. Fond of reading books, novels and spends his leisure time by listening to music. He did his B.Sc in Applied Chemistry and his M.Sc in Resource Development Technology. He edited and published an in-house monthly journal by name ‘Srujana’ during 2009-2011 which was totally a private circulation.
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