How to prepare for UGC NET (National Eligibility Test for research scholarship and lectureship)?

Looking for admission into PhD or looking for appointment as assistant professors in universities and UG/PG colleges? For getting into PhD and for appointment as assistant professors, Government of India has made NET qualification compulsory. Let us see the details which are to be taken care of for getting successfully appointed as assistant professors or for admission into PhD.

Career Prospects

For appointment as assistant professors in universities and UG/PG colleges gives you the opportunity for an excellent career. Within 10 years of service, assistant professors get promoted to associate professors, whose basic pay according to sixth pay commission is Rs 37,400 -67,000/- plus Rs 9500/- grade pay. Other than that there is dearness allowance and other allowances as applicable. Further, you can get promoted to professor, Dean and finally Vice Chancellor. No other profession can give you such a beautiful career. So be determined and achieve your target or goal whatever it is.


The eligibility for applying for UGC NET is 55% marks in post-graduation for General and OBC-Non Creamy layer candidates. It is 50% for SC/ST, Physically and Visually Handicapped candidates. For details regarding eligibility criteria, visit the website and click on eligibility tab. The exam is conducted twice in a year in June and December. Notification comes in March and October every year.

How to apply

Regularly visit the UGC website and for online application and notification. Register yourself on the site. Read the notification carefully and decide your subject code in which you want to appear. For example your post-graduation is in human resource management, you can apply under subject code 55. Pay the fees and apply. Upload your photo as per size and signature as prescribed in the notification. Complete the process and take the print out of your filled application. Submit the hard copy with university NET cell.

For more information about NET please visit "about NET" section on website. Once you click on the tab, a new page will open as seen below -
About the NET
NET Exam result
NET Exam Marks list
Old Question Paper
Syllabus for NET
NET for science exam, etc.

You can open the link and see detailed information on the site itself. Here I will suggest you to see the syllabus of your subject under "syllabus for net". Take the print out for reference while studying.

Passing criteria

  1. Qualifying score: 50% marks in aggregate for all the three papers.
  2. Merit list will include only the top 15% of the qualified candidates.

For details regarding passing criteria, visit the site OR

Guidelines and tips to crack UGC NET

This NET exam for humanities consists of three papers. Paper-1, Paper-2 and Paper-3.

Paper-1 is about teaching aptitude, research aptitude, general knowledge, computer literacy, reasoning and simple mathematics. It is also about reading comprehension, communication, data interpretation, information and communication technology, people and environment, higher education system, governance polity and administration. Details of the syllabus can be had at the website. For this paper you do not require much preparation, if you are a good student. Identify your weaknesses in the above mentioned topics, then have some good books to prepare the topics one by one. You can download the previous year's question papers and practice to gain confidence. Time is not a problem in this exam. You have enough time to solve the papers.

For Paper-II and Paper-III see the syllabus carefully in the notification. Have a print out of the same. Search some good text books on those topics. Purchase 4-5 standard text books which may cover most of the syllabus. Those topics which are not available, you can search them in Google and save the best file on that topic in a folder. While reading all such topics you should make short notes in your diary. Read the entire course 3-4 times before the examination. It will certainly help you in getting the NET exam pass successfully.

I passed my NET exam in June 2013 under subject code 55 Labour Welfare/Personnel Management/Industrial Relations/ Labour and Social Welfare/Human Resource Management with 71% marks in aggregate. So I am providing full details of books and study materials which you can read and refer to pass the NET exam in human Resource Management/code 55.

Books for reference

  1. Industrial Relation, Trade unions and labour Legislation by PRN Sinha, Indubala Sinha, and
    S P Shekhar (Pearson Publication).
  2. Human Resource Management by AK Singh, BR Duggal Puneet Mohan (Sun India Publication)
  3. Organisational Behaviour by L M Prasad (Sultan Chand Publication)
  4. Personal Administration and Management by S L Goel
  5. Indian Public administration by Ramesh K Arora, Rajani Goyal
  6. Labour Legislation Pondicherry university study material booklet (Optional)
  7. Industrial relation Pondicherry university study material booklet (Optional)

Aspirants are advised to Google the following topics and save and read best pdf file on the topics

The building and other construction workers (regulation of employment and conditions of
Service) act, 1996
PDCA Cycle
Japanese 5 S
OCTAPACE culture
Labour welfare
Labour economics
The trade union movement in India
Ishikawa diagrams also called fishbone diagrams, herringbone diagrams, cause and effect diagrams
Impact factor
International Labour organisation
ILO Conventions
ILO Conventions ratified by India
Industrial Dispute Act-1947
ESI Act-1948, critical path, collective Bargaining,
The employees Act-1948
The Factory Act-1948
Trade Union Act-1926


I hope this article will help the readers in doing a preparation and apply for NET. It will be helpful in getting admission in PhD or for jobs as assistant professors. Readers are advised to provide their valuable comments on the article and also to pass the information to their wards and relatives.

Article by NK SHARMA
I am Mechanical engineer with MBA and M Phil degree. I have a passion for reading and writing. I enjoy in sharing knowledge with people.

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Author: Kailash Kumar31 Aug 2016 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 2

There are few important points to be noted regarding eligibility criteria for the post of Assistant Professor -
1. The candidates who have completed a Ph.D. degree may be exempted from the requirement of the minimum eligibility condition of NET/SLET/SET for recruitment and appointment of Assistant Professor in the University. Also, NET/SLET/SET is not required for such Masters Programmes in disciplines for which NET/SLET/SET is not conducted.
2. There is no upper age limit for appearing in NET examination.
3. CSIR will hold the Joint CSIR-UGC test tentatively on Sunday 18.12.2016 for determining the eligibility for the award of Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) NET and for determining eligibility for appointment of Lecturers (NET) in the following subject areas -
i. Chemical Sciences
ii. Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean and Planetary Sciences
iii. Life Sciences
iv. Mathematical Sciences
v. Physical Sciences
Examination format is such cases will be totally different as there will be a single paper MCQ based test. Full details regarding the same can be seen at -

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