Challenges in thermal power generation and the opportunities ahead in future.

Today there is pressure on thermal power generation due to Government of India's emphasis on clean energy production such as solar power, hydro power, wind power and nuclear power. This is a transition time to migrate from thermal power generation to environmental friendly clean power generation. This article is about the present power scenario, problems and challenges in India.This article will also focus on providing future power solutions.


India is a vast country with 132 crore of peoples living in more than 6 lakh villages, towns and cities. India's power needs is huge. The gap between requirement and the power generation is large. Power capacity addition is required. For this purpose finance and land acquisition are the prime necessities. Global warming and environmental issues are great hurdles to thermal power generation in India. Giving electricity to every village and every households requires a great expenditure and investment. Poor people cannot pay the electricity bills, they need subsidy. In remote areas and geographically difficult terrains, where power grid extension is not economically viable, off-grid solutions for electricity generation should be promoted.

Problems in power generation

There are the following problems in power generation in India.

  1. Coal scam during UPA-II and coal supply problems

  2. Getting environmental clearances for new power plants

  3. Government policy not to give thermal power generation clearances to cut the thermal emissions

  4. Global obligations to reduce thermal emissions and greenhouses gases

  5. Problems in land acquisition for new power plants

  6. Finance problem in setting up new power plants

  7. Entry of foreign players and stiff competition in bidding process in power sector

  8. Non availability of fuel for nuclear power generation in India

  9. Non availability of Technology for clean energy generation in India

Future opportunities in clean power generation in india

To provide power for all, great strategies and big investment is required. We have to add power capacity every year, by focusing on renewable energy such as solar power and wind energy. So that we could save the environment from thermal and carbon emissions. Presently in India thermal power generation is 62 % of total power generation. It contributes to greenhouse gases production. Due to the greenhouse gases, global warming is increasing day by day. Global warming is a challenge and threat to human existence. So government of India and power companies should focus on the research and development (R&D) to provide cheap and clean energy solutions. India should search for viable solutions for solar and wind energy. The households in the villages and remote locations, difficult terrains, and hilly areas can be provided with solar power. The Jawaharlal Nehru national solar mission was launched to promote solar power generation in the country. There are many schemes such as solar park scheme, CPSU scheme, defense scheme, VGF schemes, canal bank and canal top schemes to achieve the 20,000 MW off grid solar power.

Government of India has made a plan to produce 100 Gigawatt solar power and 60 Gigawatt wind power by 2022. At present India produces 250 Gigawatt power and has 160 Gigawatt opportunity from solar and wind. Apart from this thermal power, hydro and nuclear power generation opportunities is also in future. In the field of research and development, power companies are doing commendable job. BHEL has done a lot of research in the field of solar energy. It has developed silicon wafer, PV solar cells, and started setting up of solar power plants on engineering, procurement and commissioning (EPC) basis. Bhel has secured 110 MW solar power plants order from NTPC, Naively Lignite Company. Bhel has also developed flexible fuel boiler. One can switch from imported coal to Indian coal and from Indian to imported coal as per their stock and requirement. It will solve the coal problem. Visit for more information. Bhel has also developed the CBFC (Centralised Fluidised Bed Combustion) technology. This technology is helpful in minimising the thermal emissions up to 95%. Thus make the governmental clearance easy for thermal power.Govt. Of India has provided Rs.900 crore grant to BHEL for the development of ultra-advance super critical technology for thermal power plants.

Clean energy companies in India

The following companies are in the clean energy field in India.
Tata power solar, Akshaya solar power Ltd, Lanco solar energy company, Indowind, Kodco energy,Photon energy, suzlon energy,orient green energy,NEPC India,BHEL thermal and solar power equipment manufacturer, RRB energy, moser baer, solar energy.


European countries produces their more than fifty percent power by nuclear power generation. India is putting her best efforts in this field. Our Prime Minister Mr. Narender Modi has made treaties with many countries such as Canada, USA, and Japan to supply nuclear fuel to India for nuclear power generation. At present our nuclear power generation is around 2% of our total power generation. There is great opportunities in the nuclear power generation in future.

The coal supply has been improved a lot and the coal supply is good now by the best effort of our coal minister. There is sufficient stock of coal with power companies. CBFC (Centralised Fluidised Bed Combustion) technology will make the environmental clearances easy and fast. Shifting from thermal to clean energy solutions will save the environment from the global warming and pollution. It will also provide the clean energy production. Thus we will be able to meet our global greenhouse gases emissions reduction obligations. In future India will prosper in the field of solar power, wind power and nuclear power generation.To save the environment will be India's motto.

Article by NK SHARMA
I am Mechanical engineer with MBA and M Phil degree. I have a passion for reading and writing. I enjoy in sharing knowledge with people.

Follow NK SHARMA or read 50 articles authored by NK SHARMA

Related Articles

How Does A Thermal Power Station Work?

This article is about the working and operation carried out in thermal power stations. Thermal power plants are the backbone of electricity generation in our country. This article deals with the coal fired thermal power station and its layout and operations.

Admissions for Post Graduate Diploma Course in Thermal Power Plant Engineering PGDC-CET-2013 NPTI

National Power Training Institute issued notice for admissions in Post Graduate Diploma Course in Power Plant Engineering for the academic year of 2013-13 through PGDC-CET-2013. This article covers all details related to the admission process like eligibility criteria, course duration, fee structure, pattern of entrance examination and important dates to be remembered. Go through the entire article thoroughly and apply for the course.

Role of Super heaters in Thermal power plants

Super heaters are a part of boiler system which increases the efficiency of thermal power plants or any plant using heat recovery steam generation HRSG technique. This article provides information on role of super heater in increasing thermal efficiency, their types and characterstics.

How Do The Thermal Power Plants Work?

Hello friends, Do you know how power is generated from thermal power plants? Most of the companies are producing their own power from coal based thermal power plant. That means these companies are independent for their power requirements. Based on my work experience at nirma limited at bhavnagar I have sared the working of thermal power plant.At the end I have listed the thermal power plants in gujarat. To know more about how this power is generated read on the following article.

More articles: Thermal Power


No responses found. Be the first to comment...

  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name: