How to manage hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Are you or your relatives suffering from hypertension? Life is precious, know about the silent killer present inside your body. Are you looking for some information about causes and treatment of hypertension? Here is the solution for your problem. Read this article and get yourself treated to enjoy the life ahead.


Hypertension is a condition of body in which the excess blood pressure is exerted on the inner walls of arteries. The high blood pressure is a condition when BP rises above 90 (lower reading) and 130(upper reading) reading. People with elevated blood pressure do not feel its effects initially but if it remains untreated, it may damage the vital organs. The pressure generated in the peripheral arteries during contraction of heart muscles is called systolic blood pressure and the pressure generated during relaxation period of the heart is called diastolic blood pressure. In hypertension both systolic as well as diastolic readings are above the 90/130.


Causes of hypertension

  1. Consumption of more saturated fats.

  2. Consumption of more sweets.

  3. Sedentary life style and lack of physical exercise.

  4. Disease in vital organs such as kidney, heart, liver, lungs may cause hypertension.

  5. High level of cholesterol and disturbed lipid profile also can lead to hypertension.

  6. More salt intake.

  7. Repeated emotional stress.

  8. Smoking raises blood pressure.

  9. Diabetic patients are prone to hypertension.

  10. Long term use of oral contraceptives. The sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone interfere with the renin mechanism and cause retention of salt and water.

  11. Children of hyper tentative persons are more prone to hypertension.

Symptoms of hypertension

  1. People in the early stage have no clearly visible symptoms.

  2. No positive sign is seen in primary hypertension
  3. .
  4. Symptoms are headache, lack of sleep, heaviness feeling in the chest, feel tiredness and fatigue, giddiness, and irritability

Investigation for hypertension

  1. Chest x-ray

  2. Blood test for cholesterol, blood urea and serum creatinine and sugar.

  3. Lipid profile test for HDL(must be above 35), LDL(must be less than 120), VDVL, Tricliside (must be less than 150), total cholesterol (must be less than 200).

  4. Urine test.

  5. ECG-for heart functioning.

  6. TMT-If ECG is not normal go for TMT. In TMT test one has to walk on the tread mill quickly for 15 minutes. Some people even cannot walk for 5-6 minutes, their breathing becomes abnormal. Doctor ask to stop in such cases.
  7. .
  8. Echo test-In echo test your ejection fraction should be more than 50%.

  9. Eye test-for optic nerve condition.

  10. LFT-lever function test.

Diet guide for patient


  1. Eat food rich in phosphorus such as banana.

  2. Eat dry fruits such as almond, pista, akhrot.
  3. .
  4. Eat carrot, cucumber and radish in salad daily.

  5. Eat orange and drink lemon water

  6. Eat drum stick and leafs.

Do not eat.

  1. Cut the amount of salt, sugar and fat.

  2. Do not add salt to salad.

  3. Do not eat foods high in salt such as curd, chips, mixture etc.

  4. Do not eat foods high in fat.

  5. Do not eat foods with high sodium. Such as curd Tomato sauce, papad, chips, salted biscuits, cashew nuts, pickles, chutneys etc.

How to prevent mild hypertension

Primary hypertension can be treated by regular walking, Yoga, exercise and recommended diet for BP patient. Check your BP regularly and it should be below 90/130. If not controlling by diet and exercise then go for medication.

What happens if BP remains untreated?

Hypertension can damage your vital organs ( such as heart, kidney, brain) and blood vessels. The longer you go without treating high blood pressure, the greater is the risk of damages. If blood vessels are damaged, this can lead to a heart attack, stroke and kidney disease.


There is two type of medicine generally prescribed by the physicians.

  1. Calcium channel blockers -blocks the excess calcium absorption in the body such as enalapril maleate. These medicines make the inner walls of arteries soft thus dilate and allow the blood flow easily.

  2. Beta channel blockers -These medicines reduce/ slow down the heart beat to control the BP. One should be very careful while taking such type of medicine. Over dodge may stop the heart permanently and may result in death. Such as amlodipine, propranolol, pronethalol etc


The main causes of hypertension are such as Consumption of more saturated fats, consumption of more sweets, sedentary life style and lack of physical exercise, stress, smoking and drinking. Proper investigation of body (medical checkup) and physical exercise are the best preventive measures. If someone is suffering with hypertension he should take proper diet and medicine after the consultation of a physician. Hypertension is the silent and hidden killer. Do not leave it untreated.

Article by NK SHARMA
I am Mechanical engineer with MBA and M Phil degree. I have a passion for reading and writing. I enjoy in sharing knowledge with people.

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Author: Juana18 Oct 2016 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 7

Blood pressure is quite an accurate indicator of the health of an individual’s circulatory system. Therefore, it is desirable to have blood pressure checked periodically (every six months) once you hit 40. You are at a higher risk if you have a family history of high blood pressure and if you follow an unhealthy lifestyle. Lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, being overweight, smoking etcetera can all contribute to high blood pressure.

When blood pressure remains high for a long period of time, it puts you at risk of other life-threatening diseases, like heart disease, atherosclerosis and stroke. Remember, that a reading of 140/90mm/Hg or more is regarded as high blood pressure, and if the reading is between 120/80 and 139/89, you are still at risk. You should begin taking precautions to thwart it from developing into hypertension.

Exercise, natural foods sourced from plants, especially those low in fat and rich in potassium, are considered good in controlling high blood pressure. Diet plays a crucial role in restricting blood pressure.

Author: Sheo Shankar Jha18 Oct 2016 Member Level: Gold   Points : 7

High Blood Pressure is the indication of our non adherence to healthy routine life styles including taking fried foods, excess salt intake and the the drastic cut in the sleeping hours. All these factors have led to escalation of the normal pressure and though immediately it is not perceptible but with the passage of time, the heart has to pay the heavy penalty for unhealthy lifestyle.
Though the stress is an inevitable part of our lives, there are ways to lessen the same. Overriding priorities have to be given to healthy food intake, especially the inclusion of Lemons, Oranges, Grapes, Mausambi, Papaya etc in our diet so that there is free flow of the blood from one end to other and there would not be any blockage in the arteries. Cholesterol and Triglyceride in excess amount in the blood can be life threatening and hence utmost care should be taken to check the same. Lipid-profile must be checked at an interval of six months in order to ensure that the parameters such as cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL etc are within normal limit. Brisk walking for thirty minutes daily coupled with Pranayama will alleviate the causes of High BP. Overweight condition has to be curbed and as far as possible, we should lead a simple life style where jealousy and hatred have no place.

Author: K Mohan16 Jan 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 3

The author has given wide details on how to control the hypertension and blood pressure in a person. What I feel is that we people have the habit of poking our nose into others affairs and getting bothered on that issue. Even some house holds who have the habit if watching daily serials do liken them to the character and if some challenging scenes are shown, the viewers also get agitated and the blood pressure increases. What I suggest is to live the life normally with less talking and not interfering into the affairs of others. Eat only home made food and avoid eating outside the home. Drink water sourced from the home and not anywhere else. All these factors would help to control the hypertension in big ways.

Author: umesh22 Jan 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 2

Hypertension is basically a life style disease and with control on the type of food intake, regular exercise and meditation, in most of the cases it is manageable. Some support from medicines (like anti hypertension) is also required regularly for pathological control. In many cases the medicine is discontinued after a long spell of good life style.

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