Introduction Hampi is a place of historical importance which is located on the bank of river Tungabhadra. The old name of the place is Vijaynagara. This temple town is listed as the World heritage site by UNESCO. Hampi is located in northern Karnataka. Hampi has a very close proximity to Bellari city and Hospete town of Karnataka. One more fun fact is that this ancient city is also the most visited historical place of Karnataka. The ancient pride and glory can easily be well known by having a small tour of this beautiful and magnificent historical site. Hampi is located 353km from Bengaluru and 74km away from Bellari. Bellari is an industrial city also well known for its mining industry. The nearest railway station is Hospet which is 13 km away from this place. One good option is taking rental cars from Bangalore or Bellari for visiting Hampi.
History Emperor Ashoka's Rock carvings found in the Bellary city clearly indicates that Hampi was also the part of the Mauryan empire. Before the rise of the Vijayanagar kings, this area was under the control of chiefs of Kampli which is a small town now and located 19 km away from here. The ruins of Hampi was discovered in 1800. This area is also the home of a number of monuments of Jain Deities which are made on the stone with fine skills. Archaeological survey of India conducts survey and excavation many times in search of new temples and other historical articles. Hampi was among the best places of the Vijaynagara empire. The strategic location of Hampi which is surrounded by Tungabhadra river on one side and hills on three sites makes it a very different and unique place and this makes it better in location than other contemporary places of historical importance.
Architecture and Monuments One of the major attraction of Hampi are the ancient monuments of Hampi. One more important fact about Hampi is that Hampi was a highly protected town of its time and was a well-fortified place. Hampi was protected by seven lines of fortifications. The innermost line of fortification is still well preserved and can be seen an in original form. There are various Jain temples on Hemkunta hill. Hampi can be clearly divided into civil and military buildings. Hampi had a large army making it one of the largest and most powerful armies of its time. Hampi is home to some of the worlds best temples of the world of ancient times among which some are still functional.
One of the most prominent and important temples which are still functional is the Prasanna Virupaksha Temple . This temple is a superb example of ancient Indian architecture and rich heritage. One can see a number of beautiful stone statues of deities and contemporary things. This temple is the main temple of the Vijaynagar Empire and known for the Rock Chariot. Krishna Ray was the most powerful king of the Vijayanagara empire. He is also known as the famous king of that empire. Some other temples are Vinayaka temple, Vittal temple and Narasimha temple.
Other Information One can see the ruins of many beautiful statues which were destroyed by the foreign invaders. There are a number of other sites apart from the above-mentioned places in Hampi which are worth visiting too. Due to its historical importance, Hampi attracts tourists not only from India but also from people all over the globe. Both Indian and foreign tourists visit this place in large numbers and the tourists get mesmerized by witnessing the beauty of Hampi. One of the important information, which one must know is seeing the sunset from Matang hill. It is believed that the view from the Matang hill is very beautiful both of Hampi and of sunset. Apart from these places, there are places such as Lotus Mahal and kings Stable which was the house of 11 royal elephants of Krishnadevaraya's army. So if you are a history lover then a trip to Hampi will be surely a beautiful memory of your life.