Magical medicinal values of Saffron - the priceless spice

Are you wondering why saffron is used in ancient Indian medicine system? Read on the magical medicinal values of this priceless spice.

Saffron is one of the most prized / expensive spices. Do you know that it's medicinal values are priceless? Saffron is a bulbous perennial plant of the Iridaceae family. The botanical name of the plant is Crocus sativus. This exotic priceless spice is a native of South Europe and is cultivated in many countries. In India, the herb is extensively cultivated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The flower plant bears purple flowers and the stigma of the flowers is dried and used in making traditional Indian medicines from olden days. The striking orangish yellow color of the stigma along with the style is dried and used as saffron.

Additional note: Pistil is the part of the flower that produces ovules (the small egg-like structures inside the ovary of a plant that produce female reproductive cells). Pistil consists of an enlarged base called ovary supported with a long tubular structure called the style. And an opening called stigma through which the pollen travels and fertilizes the ovule.

Saffron has a distinct flavor / fragrance which is caused due to the presence of chemical compounds like picrocrocin and saffranal. Crocin which is a natural chemical compound present in saffron, gives it the unique golden-yellow / orangish color. These are high in medicinal values and used in cuisines across the world.

What are the medicinal values of saffron

Saffron contains significant nutrients and chemical compounds which are full of medicinal values. It is known as Kesar in Sanskrit, Hindi and many of the Indian languages. Maximum part of the processing of this spice is done by hand. Perhaps this is the reason why saffron is one of the most expensive spices in the world. It contains many plant-derived chemical compounds. Saffron is an excellent source of various minerals like calcium, copper, potassium, iron, selenium, manganese, zinc and magnesium. It is also rich in vitamins that include Vitamin A and C, niacin, riboflavin and folic acid. Saffron is known to have excellent anti-oxidant properties, disease-preventing qualities and health promoting nature.
  • Used in traditional medicines

    The carotenoid compound present in saffron is found to have excellent anti-oxidant properties, anti-depressant properties and anti-cancer properties. While saffranal - the volatile oil found in saffron has anti-convulsant properties and is known to provide sedative action. Saffron is widely used in traditional therapeutic applications due to its anti-spasmodic, diaphoretic and carminative properties.

  • For blood purification and formation

    It is believed that the iron present in kesar helps in enriching the blood with hemoglobin. It also helps in purifying the blood thereby giving a fair complexion to the skin. Since olden days little quantity of saffron is given as medicine to pregnant women. However, there is no scientific findings on the same.

  • Improves skin complexion

    Since olden days few strands of saffron is used along with milk for a fair and glowing skin complexion. Pregnant women are given a little saffron mixed in milk for getting fair babies. However, there is no scientific evidences on this.

  • Kesar for sexual health

    Saffron helps in maintaining sexual health in both men and women. It promotes fertility and deals with the premature ejaculation in men. Women use very little saffron to deal with menstrual cramps.

Article by Kalyani
Kalyani is basically an educationist and presently a home-maker who is fruitfully utilizing her free time in freelancing, online content writing and above all blogging. She is an active lead editor at for over 2 years. She is an environmentalist who strives to protect the environment through the revival of age-old eco-friendly practices. She also strives to preserve the rich cultural heritage of India.

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