Man is completely dependent on nature for fulfillment of his needs. In fact, nature is the source of life. Due to rapid population growth, industrialization, urbanization and other problems man is over exploiting the natural resources. Therefore, there is a great need of sustainable development to minimize the depletion of these resources.
Measures to keep Environment clean
Following measures may be adopted to conserve our environment:
To fulfill the above objectives, following methods may be utilized:
In order to keep our environment clean, both biotic and abiotic component should be at a balance. Following means may be exercised for this purpose :
Conservation of nature
Conservation of nature means the management of natural resources for all the organisms of the biosphere including human beings through which not only the needs of present generation may be fulfilled and also there may remain all possibilities of nurturing the future generation. At the same time, it does not mean that resources should not be used or completely left for future. The main objective of conservation is to ensure that all the component (living or non-living) of environment like plants, animals, forests and the non-living resources like water, air, soil etc. should be utilized judiciously so that there may be long tasting and provide products and beauty to the planet. Conservation of nature may be fulfilled by following measures:
A workshop was organized at Belgrade city of Yugoslavia in 1975. It emphasized the importance of environment education, "Environment education is the education which is aimed towards the development of such a global population which may have great concern and awareness towards the environment and environmental problems and which may have the knowledge, potential , enthusiasm and determination to work individually or collectively for solving the current problems and preventing the new problems."
United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) also specified certain aims of such environmental education so that every individual in the world can know about the environmental problems that the world is facing at present. Such educated persons can solve the future problems related to environment. Thanks to the Honourable Supreme Court of India which directed the Government of India and all the State Government to implement environmental in school and colleges as a compulsory part of the syllabus.
Legal conservation of environment
With the aim to express concern over rapid depletion of natural resources, a conference on Human environment was organized by UNO at Stockholm (Sweden) during 5-10 June, 1972. Due to this event, 5 June is celebrated as World Environment Day every year. Through this conference, people of the world were requested to bear solemn responsibility to protect and improve the environment for present and future generations. Govt. of India passed the Environment conservation act in 1976. Environment Conservation Act was made effective through 42nd amendment of the constitution. The main two article of this act are as follows:
Besides, many laws have also been framed by Indian Government from time to time.
The first International Conference on environmental awareness was held at New Delhi in 1981. In this conference, then Indian Prime Minister, Smt. Indira Gandhi emphasized that environment education should create social awareness and the community should be made aware of this fact that the degradation of the environment causes harm to both , individual and the society. The main aim of environmental awareness is to:
So from above explanation it is clear that it is essential to conserve and to clean our environment so that our future generation can survive on Earth. Human being plays an important role in doing so. We should try to conserve and to protect our environment. Conservation of nature has to be done on individual level.
So, dear friend, always try to conserve our nature and also try to minimize pollution, otherwise our future generation will not be able to survive on this planet.
Hakimuddin Kuwakhedawala is based in India with over 15 years experience as a teacher. Teaching and writing are his passion. Most of the articles of Hakimuddin are related to education, exam, environmental problems, etc.
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Environment upkeep is very important for a healthy life of human beings on the planet earth. We are lucky our elders have given us a good environment to live in. But from early 70s, the concern for environment is diminishing and everybody showing importance for individual survival rather than the society.The concern for environment in India is very very less. How much oxygen we are taking in, how much we are consuming oxygen from air for our travel. How much waste gases we are letting out. Are we compensating it? We have to think seriously on these lines.
Why the levels of heat are increasing so much? We are responsible for this onslaught on atmosphere. Cutting trees, deforestation, creating concrete jungles are the ill doings of mankind. Recently some awareness is coming in the public. Many are going for tree plantation and water conservation measures. Please treat them very important and handover the universe to the next generation at least in the same way as we received if not improved.
A good article by the author.