A simple guide on how to become a Business Analyst in IT industry

Do you want to become a Business Analyst (BA)? Have a look into this article and get more information on how to start your career as a Business Analyst in India. The article also provides information about the educational qualifications and other requirements and skills needed to become a successful IT Business Analyst.

Who is a Business Analyst?

Business Analyst (BA) is a professional who analyses the business requirements of the stakeholders and understand the needs of the business users. In IT field, the BA bridges the gap between the stakeholders/client and the IT team. The IT team includes the Software Development, Testing and the Support Team.

Role of an IT Business Analyst

IT Business Analyst interacts with the stakeholders and records the requirements of the stakeholders in the form of business cases, stories, process models, UML diagrams, etc. (i.e. documentation of the client's requirements in an easy understandable form) and shares the documented requirements to the IT team. As per the requirements documented by the BA, the IT team works to satisfy the business needs of the stakeholders. In case if the IT team has any issues or doubts in the requirements then the BA extends its support to the team and clarifies the doubts after communicating with the stakeholders.

To become a successful BA, one should effectively involve into the following tasks:
  • Communication with client/stakeholder

  • Analysis and understanding the requirements

  • Requirement gathering

  • Creating BA deliverables using the requirements

  • Requirement management

  • Assisting with the deliverables

Business Analysis Deliverables

Deliverables are the end product of a phase. The business analysts have a major role in the requirement analysis phase. After communication with the client in the planning phase (1st phase in a project), the BA should create the following deliverables:
  • Business Analysis Plan

  • Business Case

  • Business Requirements Specification

  • Functional Specification

  • Non-functional Specification

The above mentioned deliverables are nothing but separate project document which explains the problem statement, project plan, cost analysis, functional and non-functional requirements of a project. Each document has a separate format and a BA must be aware of all the deliverables and should have a wide knowledge on how to document and manage all the requirements. To create BA deliverables, one should have strong knowledge on BA tools.

How to become a Business Analyst?

Business Analyst is one of the challenging and interesting professions in IT field. To shine as a Business Analyst in IT field, one must satisfy the below mentioned educational and career requirements

Educational requirements

No one can play the role of a BA in IT field without holding a degree. To become a successful IT Business Analyst, a candidate should preferably hold a bachelor's degree or a master's degree. Many companies expect an MBA degree from the candidates. So to become a business analyst, it is always advisable to hold an MBA.

Preferred UG degree: B.Sc (IT), B.Sc (computer science), B.A (economics), B.Com, B.E, B.C.A, B.B.A

Some companies invites other specializations for entry level Business Analyst positions, but holding a bachelor's degree in computer science, information technology, marketing, economics and management helps the aspiring candidates to have a strong knowledge in IT and Management.

PG degree: MBA

As mentioned earlier, many companies hire an MBA degree holder for BA positions because to play the role of a BA one must have knowledge on both management and technology. MBA graduates usually have a wide knowledge on marketing and management. If an MBA graduate holds a UG degree in computer science or IT then he/she will be highly eligible for the position of a BA.

Career Requirements

Apart from the education qualifications, the Business Analyst aspirants must satisfy the below mentioned career requirements to achieve their dream as a BA in IT field. A profile which satisfies the BA career requirements has high advantage during the BA recruitment process.

1. Complete Business Analyst Certification

To start the career as a BA, one should have completed the basic Business Analyst trainings or certifications. Some of the BA training and certifications are listed below.
  • Entry Certificate in Business Analysis (ECBA) [for fresher]

  • Certification of Competency in Business Analysis (CCBA )[for over 3 years of experience as BA]

  • Certified Business Analysis Professional (CBAP) [for over 5 years of work experience as a BA]

CCBA and CBAP are for professionals who have work experience as Business Analysts. ECBA certification is an added advantage for the entry level BA aspirants.

2. Attend Internship programs

Before starting the career as a BA in IT Company, candidate should have completed an internship training program in any IT industry and should have gained some work experience as a BA. Gaining work experience before starting the career gives a wide idea and knowledge about the role of a Business Analyst and also about various domains such as finance, telecom, insurance, banking, etc.

3. Gain knowledge on Business Analysis tools

Many BA software tools are used for Business Analysis, requirement analysis and creating UML diagrams and business cases. To continue the career as BA, one should have a wide knowledge on the following BA tools and software.
  • Microsoft Visio

  • Microsoft Word

  • Microsoft PowerPoint

  • Microsoft Excel

  • Rational Requisite Pro

Skills required for a Business Analyst

  • Excellent Communication skill

  • Decision making skill

  • Analytical skill

  • Problem solving skill

  • Business Analyst skill

  • Time management skill


Candidate who satisfies the above mentioned educational qualifications and career requirements are highly eligible for the position of a Business Analysts in IT companies. Apart from the eligibility criteria, a candidate must perform well in the interview process to start the career as a BA in IT field.

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