Chemical Engineering is one of the branches of engineering which deals with the design and operation of large-scale industrial machinery and chemical plants. The techniques of chemical engineering are used for the production of high-quality usable products such as paints, lubricants, fibers, gasoline, fertilizers, medical drugs, biomaterials and other chemical related products. The subject is mainly based on the fundamentals of chemistry, physics, and mathematics.
A lot of chemical industries are operating in India and the chemical engineers have high job opportunities in government sectors, chemical industries, oil and gas companies, pharmaceutical industries, etc.
How to become a Chemical Engineer in India
To become a chemical engineer in India, one must have a bachelor's degree in Chemical Engineering. Listed below is the education available in India for Chemical Engineering
Diploma in Chemical Engineering
Some of the colleges in India offers diploma in Chemical Engineering course. Candidates who have passed class 10th or 12th examinations (only Science stream-Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) from a recognized board can apply for a diploma in Chemical Engineering. The duration of the course varies depending upon the college.
B.E/B.Tech Chemical Engineering
It is a 4 year UG programme offered at various educational institutes and universities. For admissions into B.E/B. Tech programme in Chemical Engineering, candidates must have passed 10+2 exams with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as main subjects. In addition to the basic eligibility criteria, some universities conduct engineering entrance exam for admission into chemical engineering. Both B.E Chemical Engineering and B.Tech Chemical Engineering deals with the fundamentals of Chemical process and technology.
Integrated M.Tech Chemical Engineering
Few universities in India offer 5 years integrated degree course in Chemical Engineering. It is a dual degree course that includes both bachelor's degree and master's degree in Chemical Engineering.
After holding a bachelor's degree in Chemical Engineering, the graduates can apply for higher education in India or abroad. The higher education that can be done after a bachelor's in Chemical Engineering are listed below
M.E/M.Tech Chemical Engineering
After completing B.E/B.Tech in Chemical Engineering, interested candidates can pursue master's degree in chemical engineering. It is a 2-year degree programme. A good score in Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a pre-requisite for admissions into the top Indian Universities for M.E/ M.Tech Chemical Engineering programme. Some of the specialization courses in Chemical Engineering are Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Process Engineering, Nanotechnology, biomineral processing, polymer science and fiber and textile processing.
Interested students can also apply for MS in Chemical Engineering from India or abroad. Various disciplines in chemical engineering are polymer and complex fluids, biochemical and bioprocess engineering, catalysis and reaction engineering, etc. Other allied fields of Chemical Engineering are biotechnology, industrial engineering, environmental engineering, nanotechnology, etc.
Interested candidates can involve into the research activities in a concerned field and can obtain a Ph.D degree. Top research institutes and universities in India offers Doctor of philosophy in Chemical Engineering.
Another alternative for Chemical Engineering graduates is MBA. To improve the management skills, reasoning skills and quantitative skills one can join MBA.
Top research institutes and universities for Chemical Engineering in India
Chemical Engineering course is available in many institutes in India. Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT) located at Mumbai is one of the renowned Chemical Engineering institutes in India. Some of the other engineering institutes and universities popular for Chemical Engineering course in India are
Job profile of Chemical Engineers
Chemical Engineers have a major role in chemical industries and factories. The roles and the responsibilities of a chemical engineer vary depending upon the area of work or the sectors. Some of the common tasks of the chemical engineers are
Skills required for Chemical Engineer
To shine in the role of a Chemical Engineer, one should possess the following skills
In the recent years, many chemical engineering graduates end up finding a job at software companies or IT industries. To avoid that scenario and to continue the career as a chemical engineer in the core field, one must have a good GATE score. Some chemical engineering companies in India hire candidates based on the GATE score. The GATE exam score of a candidate in chemical engineering acts as an entry ticket for many chemical companies.
To know more about the chemical engineering process and techniques, one must attend implant training at chemical industries and factories.
Participating in the internship programmes of the top research institutes or universities is an added advantage and it helps a candidate to gain knowledge and work experience. Internship experience of a candidate always gives richness to a candidate's profile.
Career opportunities in Chemical Engineering
Wide opportunities are available for chemical engineering graduates at public and private sectors. The chemical companies hire chemical engineering graduates for the post of occupational health and safety specialists, chemical technicians, chemists, nuclear engineer, architectural and engineering managers, scientists, etc. The industries that hire chemical engineers are
Government sectorChemical engineering graduates has good career opportunities in government owned chemical industries, atomic power plants, fertilizer plants, textile industries, etc. Some of the government organizations which hire chemical engineering graduates are IOCL, SAIL, ISRO, ONGC, BPCL, HPCL, GAIL, OIL, etc. Graduates has opportunities in Pollution Control Board and are also involved in solving environment related issues such as waste treatment, waste water management, recycling, energy conservation, etc.
Opportunities are available for chemical engineering graduates in various chemical industries, pharmaceutical companies, and drug manufacturing industries, refineries, fertilizer manufacturing industries, etc. Some of the private industries which hire chemical engineering graduates are Biocon, Dr. Reddy's labs, Zuari fertilizers and cement, Tata Chemicals, HUL, ITC, Asian paints, Saint Gobain, etc. Chemical Engineering graduate who has an MBA also has opportunities to work as a project manager, operations manager, and production manager in private owned chemical industries and factories.
Research and Teaching
A lot of research activities are being conducted regularly at the research and development centers, research institutes and the top universities of India. Chemical Engineering aspirants can work as Junior Research Fellow (JRF), Scientists and Chemical technicians in the research centers. Graduates who have a passion for teaching can continue their career as a professor or lecturer in the department of chemical engineering at the top universities or educational institutes.
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