Career after M.A in Sociology

With globalisation and strengthening of service sectors, the students of Sociology are now getting more and more career opportunities in diverse areas beside working as teachers and lecturers. In this article, the author discusses the career opportunities available for the post-graduates of Sociology.

Man is known as a social animal. Human beings live in society. Not only that, they tend to form groups everywhere – in schools, colleges, universities, working places, residential colonies, etc. So it is quite natural that the subject of Sociology has been developing very rapidly. Sociology is the scientific study of human society and its origin, organization and institutions. It covers the study of human behavior, its causes and consequences along with social interaction to understand the development of society.

Sociologists study human behavior which is immensely influenced by social, religious, legal and community guidelines. Sociology is a very vast field and there are different areas where qualified sociologists work. Some experts study behaviour of children, some deal with adolescents. Some sociologists try to interpret criminal behaviour and some of them deal with tribal people. India is known as a heaven for sociologists because of its diverse culture and many different communities. However, in this article, we will discuss about the career prospects after studying M.A in Sociology.

Study of Sociology

In India adequate scope is there to study Sociology. This subject is being taught both at the under-graduate level and post-graduate level in almost all universities. Facilities of doctoral study in Sociology are available all over the country. Generally students of Humanities stream opt for Sociology at under-graduate level. However, there are notable exceptions when students of other streams also study Sociology successfully.

Although it has been stated that Sociology can be studied everywhere in India, but some of the best Indian universities with good faculty in Sociology are as under:
  • Delhi University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • University of Calcutta
  • University of Madras
  • University of Bombay
  • Lucknow University
  • Jammu University
  • Ranchi University
  • North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong
  • Tata Institute of Social Science, Mumbai

  • Students can do in-depth research in Sociology in these prestigious academic institutions.

    Career prospects in Sociology

    Civil Services Examination

    Sociology is a favourite option for students appearing in Civil Services examination both at all-India level and State level. It is considered that Sociology is a subject which can be easily mastered and comparatively higher marks can be scored. So, students of Sociology get advantage in Civil Services Examination at all-India level and State level.

    Students of Sociology in surveying

    Nowadays different types of surveys are carried out by Government, NGOs, corporate bodies and various other organizations. Students of Sociology with their detailed academic knowledge about society, always fit in this particular type of task. They can easily choose the appropriate groups, sample size and various other aspects and can successfully conduct the surveys. Many students of Sociology work in marketing division of corporate sectors.

    Students of Sociology in Journalism

    Sociology is a very analytical subject. The students of the subject possess in-depth knowledge about society, its functioning, human behavior in groups, etc. The knowledge provides the students of Sociology a distinct advantage in the field of Journalism. So many students of Sociology become journalists in later part of their life.

    Students of Sociology work in HR Departments

    As the students of Sociology understand the functioning of groups very well, corporate houses appoint students of Sociology in their HR Departments.

    Sociology students in communications and conflict resolution

    As already stated, Sociology
    students understand functioning of groups and teams. So their expertise is utilized in various interaction process and conflict resolution process.

    Working in NGOs

    Various NGOs appoint students of Sociology for effective communication with various groups, communities and for various other purposes.


    The students of Sociology can also join faculty position in various colleges and universities after qualifying the National Eligibility Test (NET). They can also join schools as Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) for teaching students of XIth and XIIth standards.

    Concluding comments

    From the above discussion, it is clear that students of Sociology have various diverse opportunities before them. With the passage of time, more and more opportunities are available before the students of Sociology. They must prepare and update themselves to avail these new opportunities.

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    Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao21 Jun 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 2

    A very well written article by Mr. Partha, He has given an elaborate information about the various chances available for a postgraduate in Sociology. People who are in confusion will get a clear idea and they may opt for this course.
    Earlier days this subject was not in the curriculum for graduation students. So very limited people are opting for this course. Now this subject is introduced in under graduation syllabus also. So many people may opt for this. Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh is also offering this course. The department is very old and the faculty is good.

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