Climate change Conventions its obligations, impacts and green energy solutions

Climate change is very hot issue at world level now-a-days. Fossil fuel burning and their emissions are contributing to raise the atmospheric temperature. To save the earth and environment many treaties and conventions had been signed by the world's nations. Paris agreement is one of them. You will have the complete details on the subject in my this article "Climate change Conventions its obligations, impacts and green energy solutions"


Climate change has become a global concern today. Recently Government of India has ratified Paris agreement on climate change which put some obligation on us to mitigate the dangers posed by climate change. Now-a-days there is pressure on thermal power generation due to Government of India's emphasis on clean energy production such as solar power, hydro power, wind power, nuclear power. This is a good transition time to migrate from thermal power generation to environmental friendly power generation. This article is about the present power scenario, problems, challenges and providing future solutions

Paris Agreement its impacts and obligations

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, adopted in New York on 9 May 1992. It has 29 articles. The main articles and provisions are listed below.
Article 2
  1. This Article is about the implementation of the Convention, including its objectives, aims .
    (a) Halting the increase in the average temperature to well below 2 °C.
    (b) To adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience.
    (c) Providing finance flows regular towards low greenhouse gases emissions.

  2. This Agreement will be implemented with differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.

Article 4 .1
In order to achieve the long-term temperature goal set out in Article 2, Parties aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Article 7. 1
Parties hereby have to stick to the goal on adaptation of enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, and ensuring an adequate adaptation response. Developed countries shall provide financial resources to assist developing countries.

Article 10 .1
Transfer of technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to improve resilience to climate change.

Contributors to climate change

These are the following Contributors
  1. Coal and fossil fuels burning

  2. Government policy to give thermal power generation clearance

  3. Thermal emissions and greenhouses gases

  4. Non availability of fuel and technology for nuclear power generation

  5. Non availability of Technology for clean energy generation

  6. Vehicular pollution

  7. Deforestation

  8. AC and refrigeration

  9. Increasing population

Future strategies for power sector

USA and China is the top contributor in co2 and green house gases emissions. We should add power capacity, by focusing on renewable energy such as solar and wind energy. So that we could save the environment from thermal and carbon emissions. Presently in India thermal power generation is 62 % of total power generation and contributes to greenhouse gases. Due to the greenhouse gases, global warming is increasing day by day. Global warming is a challenge and threat to human existence. So government of India and power companies should focus on the R&D to provide cheap and clean energy. We should search viable solutions for solar and wind energy.

Proposed Government of India's initiative for clean energy

Government of India has made her plan to produce 100 GW solar power and 60 Giga Watt wind power by 2022. At present India produces 250 Giga Watt power and has 160 Giga Watt opportunity from solar and wind. Apart from this thermal, hydro and nuclear power opportunities are also there. In the field of research and development, power companies are doing commendable job. Bharat heavy Electrical Limited has done a lot of research in the field of solar energy. It has developed silicon wafer, PV solar cells, and started setting up of solar power plants on engineering, procurement and commissioning (EPC) basis. Bharat heavy Electrical Limited has also developed flexible fuel boiler. One can switch from imported coal to Indian coal and from Indian to imported coal as per their stock and requirement. It will solve the coal problem. Bharat heavy Electrical Limited has also developed the CBFC (Centralised Fluidised Bed Combustion) technology. This technology is helpful in minimizing the thermal emissions up to 95%. Thus make the governmental clearance easy for thermal power. Govt. Of India has provided Rs.900 crores grant to Bharat heavy Electrical Limited for the development of ultra-advance super critical technology for thermal power plants.

European countries produces their more than fifty percent power by nuclear power generation. India is putting her best efforts in this field. Our Prime Minister Mr. Narender Modi has made treaties with many countries such as Canada, USA, and Japan to supply nuclear fuel to India. At present our nuclear power generation is around 2% of our total power generation. There is great opportunities in this field.


Deployment of CBFC (Centralised Fluidised Bed Combustion) technology will made the environmental clearance for thermal power plants easy. Shifting from thermal to clean energy solution will save the environment. It will also provide the great clean energy production. Thus we will be able to meet our global greenhouse gases emissions reduction. In future solar power, wind power and nuclear power generation will be world's motto. Adopting BS_IV standards from 1 April 2017 is good step. India is going to adopt BS_VI from 2022 onward. But Trump govt. has withdraw herself from Paris agreement.This is cause of concern. World other leaders should persuade US to join again and should help to save this planet. It is everyone's duty to save the environment. Put the efforts what we can to save the earth.

Article by NK SHARMA
I am Mechanical engineer with MBA and M Phil degree. I have a passion for reading and writing. I enjoy in sharing knowledge with people.

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Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao02 Jul 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 0

A very educative article by Mr. Sharma. The problem of the world is now the changing climate. Ozone layer is getting vanished slowly making the earth a very hot place. In addition to that deforestation is another problem of the day. Vehicle, Acs and refrigerators are enemies of environment. As discussed by author thermal power generation should be converted to other forms of generation. Even in many Organisations in case of power failure they use generators where fuels are used. They are also culprits. All these should get changed to solar power or other type. Otherwise existing on this earth will become a big issue.

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