Best ways to extinguish a fire

Fire is a very big hazard. It can destroy crores of property, human life and wildlife in a short time. Are you looking for the best ways to prevent and extinguish a fire? This article has covered many aspects on this topic. This article will be very useful to learn and refresh the knowledge about firefighting.


Fire is a very big hazard to human life and property. "Prevention is better than cure" this proverb is best suiting to fire. Fire destroys crores of property, life, oil and forests every year. If people are equipped with best knowledge about firefighting and firefighting equipment operation, fire can be put off in the initial stage and the loss can be minimized.

Type of fire

There are five type of fire namely:
Solid fire (class A)The fire consisting of the solid materials such as wood, paper, clothes etc. is known as solid fire.
Liquid fire (class B) The fire consisting of liquids such as petrol, diesel, paints etc. is known as liquid fire.
Gaseous fire (class K) The fire consisting of gases such as LPG, methane, acetylene, cooking oil, grease etc. is known as Gaseous fire.
Metal fire (class D) The fire consisting of metals such as magnesium, potassium, sodium, aluminium etc. is known as metal fire.
Electrical fire (class C) The fire consisting of electricity such as short circuiting, house/office wiring fire, fire in a junction box, computer fire, TV fire etc. is known as electric fire.


Types of fire extinguisher

  1. Mechanical foam (Nitric Acid and calcium carbonate mixture) extinguisher-used for solid/class A fires)

  2. Water and Foam extinguisher -Used for liquid/class B fires)

  3. Carbon dioxide (Co2) Extinguisher-Can be used for all type of fires. Best for class B & C fires)

  4. Dry chemical extinguisher- Used for class A, class B and class C fires.)

  5. Dry powder extinguisher- Used for combustible metal/class D fires.


Firefighting equipment (fire tenders)

The fire tender is a vehicle equipped with firefighting equipment and carries water (in-built water tank). There are two type of fire tenders - one is crash fire tender (CFT) and the other is Domestic Fire Tender (DFT). Domestic Fire Tender carries water and water is used to cool down the temperature of fire. CFT carries water and foam, both. Foam is sprayed over the liquid/ class B fire to form a foam layer over the fire to cut off the oxygen and to extinguish the fire. For example, when there is an aeroplane crash, CFT is used.

Best Methods to put off the fire

There are 3 elements present in a fire, namely, fuel, oxygen and heat. Remove any one to put off the fire. These 3 methods are given below.
  1. Starvation-It is the process of depriving the fire of fuel i.e. removing materials from fire site

  2. Smothering - It is the process of depriving the fire of oxygen means cutting the oxygen supply

  3. Cooling - It is process of cooling down the temperature of fire jon to put off the fire.



There are 3 steps in a response to fire.
  1. Activate the alarm and dial the fire safety number

  2. Assist the persons at the site

  3. Join in to put off the fire.


Fire is very dangerous for human life and assets. It is our duty to learn the fire extinguishing process and apply it when it demands. We should observe fire precaution in everyday life too. If the fire is extinguished while it is small, the loss can be minimized.

I hope this article has provided you the theoretical part of putting the fire. You are required to learn the practical operation of fire extinguishers near you.

Article by NK SHARMA
I am Mechanical engineer with MBA and M Phil degree. I have a passion for reading and writing. I enjoy in sharing knowledge with people.

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Author: Neelam12 Aug 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 3

Normally people don't think much about types of fires and ways to extinguish them and only try water. But reading this article made me realize that how different types of fires requires different kinds of extinguishers, and that fire extinguishers we normally see in schools, colleges and offices have so many classification. At school level we are not provided with much information about fires. I think articles like this should be added to school curriculum to make children aware about such hazards and ways to rescue life, of themselves and everyone around.

Author: Gaurav Singh20 Aug 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 3

I have read somewhere that if a person catch fire then putting a wet blanket or any other wet clothe around the victim quickly put out the fire. At times when any fire takes place people start behaving haphazardly to put out the fire and try out different methods to control the fire but because of lack of knowledge they fail to apply the right method and in the mean time the fire expands quickly covering more area. So, this article is of great help for all to know about the right method of putting out fire caused by different reason.
I would like to thank author for sharing such useful piece of information.

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