Aims of EducationGandhiji was a great educationist . He realized that the social , moral and economical progress of a country ultimately depends on Education. In his opinion the highest aim of education is the Self -Realization. He used to say, "The end of all knowledge must be building up of character. "In Gandhi's opinion character building is the most important among students. He believed Basic Education is Education for life and through life. The aim of Education is creating a social order free from exploitation and violence.
The aim of Basic Education is Development of total personality of child. In his views higher education be made self supporting. He laid emphasis on the training of Hand ,Heart and Head. He said, "Physical Exercise, handicrafts are essential in a school. "Education helps in cultivation of absolute Purity of heart. He regarded every student as a Brahamchari. In his opinion higher-education should be self-supporting.He laid more stress on environment than books. Gandhiji was totally agreed with Froebel that the aim of education is full of many underdeveloped abilities and it is for education to develop these. He also felt that the child should learn through actual work. In his opinion the role of teachers are to motivate the child and the child should be curious enough to know , what's happening around them. He didn't want Education to differentiate between boys and girls. He laid focus on co-education in schools. He insisted on the importance of manual skills. He stressed on students should participate in the work done in school . He felt work and play are important for education.
Role of Early EducationGandhiji agreed with the Opinion of Modern Psychologists that early education has a tremendous impact on later development . He said that impression of early childhood has a tremendous impact on later development. In early childhood the children learn a lot from parents. The impressions of parents are very beneficial.
His theory was there should be learning. Students learn through doing.He wanted to use education as the medium of establishing in the country a non-violent social system from all kinds of exploitation would be absent. He wanted individual should become independent during his education, he should learn some skills which would enable him to find employment immediately. He was agreed with Rousseau, who insisting upon the total freedom in teaching methods.
Gandhiji's concepts of EducationGandhiji concepts of Education is known as Basic Education, which aims the following: Formation of good character, To be ideal citizen, To have democratic ideals, Self Reliance, All round development, Complete Development, Character formation etc.
He attached the greatest importance to inclusion of Moral and Religious Education in the curriculum of Schools and Colleges. He wanted to raise Social Status of the teachers, So that their qualities would be improved. In his opinion the standard of an educational institution should not be judged by the building but by quality of teachers it appoints. Gandhiji advised that the only way of putting an end of exploitation is for every individual to do his own work. He suggested students should themselves do their work and all work connected to school. They should give importance to manual labor . Gandhiji remarked a teacher who always complaint about the behavior of the students, should take the responsibilities on their own shoulders.
Gandhiji's views are clear and very supportive in Modern Education. The daily time -table of a school consists of periods such as Yoga, Exercise , Game for physical development of a child. Prayers and assembly activities help in Mental Development of a child. Reading ,Writing and solving sums help in Mental Development of a child.
Conclusion In this way , We see Gandhiji laid stress on Social Service , Labor, Agriculture and Handicrafts.