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How to become collector after passing 10th or 12th?

Willing to make your career as a collector? Want to know educational qualification to become a collector? Read this article to know complete information about this and which subjects should you choose after 10th or 12th.

A collector is one of the most reputed posts in Central Government service. You might also be willing to become a collector. But do you know that who is a collector? A collector is a person appointed by the Central Government to handle various administrative tasks in the district for which he/she is appointed. A collector is the top most ranked government officer in a state. Though a collector is appointed by central govt., but he works under the supervision of state govt. Let's read about the post of collector in detail.

What is the role of collector ?

Following are some of duties and responsibilities of a collector.
  • He acts as the Head of Land and Revenue Administration, as the District Head of the Executive Magistracy, and as the Chief Information and Grievance Redressal Officer of his district.
  • He is responsible for maintaining law and order, revenue administration and general administration in his district.
  • He is responsible to supervise law and order.
  • He also acts as an authority in special laws like Arms, Explosive and Cinematography Acts etc. in his District.
  • He is responsible for various tasks like collection of revenue, taxation, etc.
  • He acts as Officer-in-charge of Disaster Management and takes required steps in case of emergency conditions within his area.
  • He also functions as Executive Magistrate and Chief Development Officer (CDO)/District Development Commissioner.
  • He conducts elections for Parliament, State Legislature and Local Bodies.
  • In short, a collector performs his duties in almost fields of his district- Information Technology, Rural Development, Human Resource Development, Licensing and Regulatory Authority, Economic Development, Food and Civil Supplies, etc.

How to make your career as a collector ?

A person must be eligible to be a collector. Here's the criteria for this job.
  • Age requirement: Minimum age limit is 21 years and maximum age limit is 30 years for the candidates of general category. Candidates of SC/ ST have age relaxation of 5 years and candidates of OBC have age relaxation of 3 years in upper age limit.
  • Minimum education required: An applicant must be a graduate in any discipline from a recognized university/ institute. Final year students can also apply for the exam (read next point to know about exam) but they have to submit their degree/ pass certificate at a later stage.

Success in career
  • Competitive exam: You need to clear Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by UPSC. Union Public Service Commission conducts this exam every year for the recruitment to different civil services under Govt. of India, like Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS).There are three stages in this exam- Preliminary exam, Mains exam and personality test or interview. Preliminary exam (popularly known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test or CSAT) consists of two papers and is of 200 marks for each paper. Both papers consist of multiple choice objective type questions. Paper II is qualifying in nature. Mains exam consists of a written examination and an interview. The written exam consists of total 9 papers out of which 2 exams are qualifying in nature while rest of the 7 exams are ranking in nature. The written exam is of 1750 marks and Interview or personality test is of 275 marks, thus Civil Services Mains Examination consists of 2025 marks in total.

    Please note that exam qualifying in nature means that you need to secure minimum 33% marks in that exam so that you can be graded on the basis of another exam. Also, it means that it won't be graded for eligibility at next level.

Which subjects should you choose after 10th or 12th ?

As stated before, you need to pass your graduation at least to be eligible to appear for CSAT and CSE to become a collector. But if you have the passion to make your career as a collector, then you should start preparing yourself as soon as you clear your matric or +2. Read books related to English, General Knowledge, Indian Law and Constitution, History, Disaster management, etc.

Not only this, you must also possess excellent administrative skills, leadership skills, good communication skills, interpersonal skills and sharpen your ability to take quick and accurate decisions.

Article by Nidhi
Nidhi is a freelance content writer with 7+ years experience. She has great passion to write on valuable topics so as to provide accurate information to her readers. She is also keen to provide employment to all Indians and so posts various job openings too in this website.

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Author: Partha K.22 Sep 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 6

District Collector is the most important rank of a district administration in India. Warren Hastings introduced the office of District Collector. After independence, districts have become the administrative units and the District Collectors are posted by the respective State Governments from the junior level IAS Officers of the State cadres.

So, only the IAS Officers (not other Indian Civil Services Officers) can become District Collectors. For becoming an IAS Officer, a candidate not only has to qualify Indian Civil Services examination, but also he/she has to obtain a top-level rank in the merit list for choosing IAS among the various Civil Services.

Only a Graduate student can appear in the Indian Civil Services examination. So, the title of the article, "How to become collector after passing 10th or 12th?" is confusing and can misguide many candidates. The author may consider changing the title suitably.

Author: Nidhi22 Sep 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2

Thank you Mr. Partha for your kind response. Coming to your point, I have chosen this title as many aspirants are wanting to know that what they should do to become a collector. That's why I have stated that though minimum education required is graduation but passionate people should start preparing as soon as they pass their 10th or 12th class.

Author: T.M.Sankaran25 Sep 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2

I may be permitted to add a little more to the points given in the above post. It is true that a Dist. Collector's post is generally given to IAS officers. But there are exceptions. An officer in the Govt. Service having served for a specified period and have a proven record of clear administration will be awarded IAS as conferred IAS. Such persons also will be posted as Dist Collector. There is a specified quota for conferring IAS.

Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao17 Oct 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 2

I have gone through the article. The author has given some information regarding the procedure for getting into the Indian Administrative Service. A candidate who wants to clear the Civil Service examination should develop an interest in at least two subjects. The Exam that is being conducted will be almost above graduation syllabus and in two subjects. When we Join in degree after +2, we should choose one subject which is our favorite subject and we should study that subject very deeply. In addition to that, we should work out on another subject at a higher level. Then these two subjects will become your optional in the main exam and you should be thorough in both the subjects.

Author: Sanjeev Gupta02 Oct 2018 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3

Nice article Nidhi.

Being a collector is a prestigious position in India. Most of the parents want their kids to pass civil services but it is not easy for all. Exams to Civil Services are very tough. There are lots of coaching centers where a person can take admission and prepare for the exams. Apart from the functions listed by the author, the Collector also is empowered to impose curfew in a particular area and can also order the closure of schools, shops and other establishments on various grounds.

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