IntroductionWound is a sharp injury which tears the dermis layer of the skin. Wound can result on a surface level or can even result quite deep enough. It can be either straight or jagged. We all experience injury at some point or the other in our life. We either leave it unattended thinking that it would heal on its own or else run for some pharmaceutical help. Though it tends to get healed on its own, but sometimes too much carelessness can lend us in trouble, especially when a small unattended injury takes form of a severe infection. This is the reason when an injury takes place, we must leave rest everything aside and first take care of it. We need not run to a medical store to buy some bandages or an antiseptic solution. Our home itself is a source of various herbs and thus within our home itself we can find numerous essential oils, natural home remedies and herbs which promote natural healing of wounds or cuts.
Herbal remedies to heal wounds naturally
Calendula is used to heal skin infections, abrasions and also sometimes used to heal infected internal mucus membrane because of its vulnerary quality i.e., healing properties. Steep some calendula flowers and place them in a clean sterile muslin cloth. This poultice when tied over affected area will not only effectively stop bleeding, but also will decrease pain and all signs of inflammation. It promotes quick healing. Commercially calendula ointment, lotion, cream, tincture, infused oils etc are available which can be used to provide prompt relief in case of painful wounds. Calendula is considered to be the queen of all those garden flowers which are used for skin care as well as for first aid treatments. It is a beautiful little flower which has mild anti-microbial property and is anti-inflammatory in action. This is the reason that it can be effectively used in case of inflammation. Crush some fresh flowers to extract juice. Apply it directly over the wounds to reduce pain and inflammation. It also facilitates easy growth of new skin in wounded area. Boil 1 tsp of calendula flowers in 1/4th cup of water for 15 minutes. Let it cool and then strain it. Use this tea to wash affected wounded area. Instead of using calendula flowers, one can also use 1 tsp calendula tincture for the preparation of the same. It effectively heals the skin and can even be used by individuals who have a very sensitive skin. It can freely be applied even to open cuts and lacerations of all kinds. It increases immunity and improves contraction of wounds. It promotes quick healing by improving the metabolism of both proteins and collagen as well as increases growth of epithelium. Strong infusion prepared can be used as a compress.
It is the little sleepy time flower and has been used for all sorts of skin related problems. It is known to heal faster than the pharmaceutical corticosteroids. For minor cuts, open wounds, bleeding wounds, infected wounds, it is considered to be the best treatment. It is rich in flavonoids and essential oils. It can enter deep inside the skin and heal it. This is the reason it is incorporated in creams, emollients, ointments and other skin cosmetics which can directly be applied to the wounded area. It provides a calming effect, alleviates pain and prevents infections. It is anti-inflammatory in action. Chamomile essential oil need not even be diluted before application because it is very mild and rarely causes any reaction on the skin. It can be used for all sorts of skin problems whether it is rash, cut, burn, boil or formation of abscess. In the form or tea, it can be used for skin cleaning as it is blessed with antibacterial action. For a relaxing bath, one can add a scoop of dried chamomile flowers into bathing tub which will indirectly also provide calming effect to cuts and injuries along with other problems like hemorrhoids, insect bites, eczema, minor burns etc. It is rich in antioxidants and this is the reason it increases immunity and is an excellent remedy for the skin. It is the most ancient herb used for medicinal purposes and thus was even used by ancient Greek and Romans to speed up healing. Flowers of chamomile when dries up become rich in many flavonoids and terpenoids and thus are popularly used as herbal product. Take some chamomile tea bags and soak them in water, preferably warm for additional relaxation purpose. Lightly drain the excess of liquid from these tea bags and then apply or press them over wounded area which later should be wrapped with sterile gauze and bandage. Flower infusion prepared can be used to reduce edema and also prevents infections.
It is a herbal remedy and has been used since ancient times in Chinese medicine for skin care. It consists of a compound named allantoin which is an anti-inflammatory phytochemical This compound itself has the potential to regenerate the skin which will hasten the healing process. This is the reason that it has been used since ages for healing of cuts and injuries. It also has anti-inflammatory action and thus prevents infection and other signs of inflammation. It boosts immunity to fight against infections. Comfrey root is crushed and then applied on the affected wounded area with the help of gauze. Comfrey salve can be made by mixing it with olive oil and it also efficiently helps for the wounds to mend quickly. Genus name for comfrey is Symphytum. It means to "knit together" or "unite". That is why it is often referred as knitbone.
It is a herbal plant which is very popularly used to heal various skin injuries and related wounds. It has an ability to promptly form blood clot which thereby immediately stops blood from oozing out from wounds. It is an effective vulnerary agent for skin scratches, punctures and other skin related problems. It has an astringent property. Pick some fresh leaves of agrimony plant. Crush them and apply them as a compress over wounded area. With first application itself, remarkable improvement can be seen and wound will start healing at a fast pace. Agrimony infusion or a strong tea that is prepared can be used as a skin wash agent.
Plantain possesses antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and thus can be very well used for curative purposes for minor wounds and scratches. It also alleviates pain and relieves wound associated itching. Pick a handful of plantain leaves and prepare a paste out of it. Apply this freshly prepared paste over wound and let it dry. Later rinse it with warm water. Repeat this remedy until wound is healed completely. It is a commonly found plant in backyard of many houses. It provides a calming effect on an injury or cut.
Whether it is minor cuts, scrapes, scratches, abrasions or other skin problems like sun burns, witch hazel is an excellent herb for all skin troubles. It basically cures inflammation of the skin due to its curative and anti-inflammatory properties. It contains procyanidins, resin and flavonoids. All these components make it excellent for creating soothing sensation on skin. It is miraculously astringent in action. Prepare an infusion. Soak a clean cloth in this infusion and place it directly on wound to accelerate healing process and prevent infections. It also brings down swelling from an injured site. When applied directly over injury, it stops bleeding from the fresh wound. Later cover it with gauze.
Echinacea is also known as coneflower and is used to get rid of bacterial infections from a wound area so that speedy recovery takes place. Herbal tea made from this herb can be used for topical application above cuts and abrasions. Root of marshmallow is used as a poultice on the wounded site as it helps in the removal of toxins, bacteria and other impurities from the wounds so that healing takes place quickly without risk of any infection. It can easily heal bruises and minor cuts. Goldenseal has antiseptic and astringent qualities. It contains alkaloids namely berberine and hydrastine. They fight against viruses and bacterial infections. Goldenseal is used to treat cuts, wounds, skin infections etc. It can be also used in form of ointments found commercially. It drastically reduces healing time of wounds. Juniper leaves and berries have been used since generations in the treatment of cuts and wounds. They are of great help when wounds become inflamed. They are good sources of vitamin B, C and therefore results in speedy recovery. Wounds and sores on skin like eczema, psoriasis etc get healed quickly due to their antibacterial and antiseptic properties. St. Johns Wort plant also has an ability to heal wounds. Its oil especially has ability to fight against infections. When applied topically, it helps to get rid of pain. Rose which is an effective astringent and yarrow, both are good for skin cuts.
ConclusionCuts, scratches and other types of minor injuries are part of our everyday life. Scratches are very superficial and shallow. We scratch ourselves when skin brush against some rough surface or by a sharp object. Cuts on the other hand are not just confined to superficial layer. It tears through the skin commonly known as laceration and reaches the deeper layers. Make use of herbal remedies to heal wounds naturally and quickly. Know more about How to naturally heal wounds using home remedies: Part-1 and Part-2 to adopt all-natural route for healing of skin wounds.
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Plantain leaves perhaps are the most readily available. I was not aware of the plantain leaves medicinal properties with regards to wound healing.
Plantain leaves are usually used to serve food, wrap food and to cook food. It enhances the flavours of the food items. Certain cultures wrap foods such as fish, rice and even sweet delicacies in plantain leaves and then steam them.
Considering the size of the leaf, I would think that one plantain leaf should suffice to make a paste for application on a wound. A handful of plantain leaves maybe one too many.
AS mentioned by Juana, Banana leaves are the only one that is easily available for people in villages and cities. A good article by the author. I would like the author to provide the common name for the herbs or the colloquial language by which they are best known that as it will help in identifying the same more easily.
Most of the herbs may be available in villages but to get them in cities would be difficult. I don't know whether one can find it in herbal or ayurvedic stores.