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Basic Life Support / Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training courses

Basic Life Support (also known as CPR) Training teaches how to revive a person who is about to die due to cardiac arrest. It consists of providing compression on the chest of the victim to keep the heart pumping, and providing artificial breaths to supply oxygen while giving the victim's heart a chance to resume beating again. This article gives details of some courses of CPR.


Basic Life Support (BLS) or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) refers to a sequence of steps that a person should do to enable a victim of cardiac arrest to be revived. Cardiac arrest refers to sudden stoppage of a person's heartbeat and blood circulation which could be due to any cause or illness whether sudden or chronic. In its simplest form, BLS consists of chest compressions done by a rescuer on the victim, as well as artificial breaths provided by a simple pocket mask or mouth to mouth. Without receiving CPR, a victim of cardiac arrest will die within minutes.

What is cardiac arrest?

Cardiac arrest occurs when a person's heart stops beating. It may be due to any illness or injury. If no corrective measures are taken within seconds to minutes of a cardiac arrest, the victim will lose his life. A victim of cardiac arrest will not be conscious. In addition, the victim will also stop breathing. Anyone can recognize cardiac arrest by tapping the shoulders of the victim and looking for a response, and by observing the victim's chest for breathing movements. This assessment should be done very quickly. It is recommended that you do not spend more than 10 seconds for checking response and breathing. If both are absent, then the victim can be considered to be in cardiac arrest.

What do you do when you encounter a victim of cardiac arrest?

When you are faced with a victim of cardiac arrest, you need to activate the emergency response system in the community quickly, such as calling an ambulance to the scene of the incident. Then kneel down by the side of the victim and start giving chest compressions and artificial breaths.

Chest compressions and artificial breaths

There are guidelines about how to give proper chest compressions and artificial breaths to a victim of cardiac arrest. If done according to these guidelines, the chances of revival of the victim are higher -

  1. Kneeling down beside the victim, place your hand in the centre of the chest along the bone in the middle - breastbone. Keep your elbows straight with your arm at right angles to the plane of the chest.

  2. Start giving compressions at a rate of 100 - 120 per minute. One cycle of CPR comprises of 30 chest compressions and 2 artificial breaths.

  3. Each compression should depress the chest by a measure of 5-6 cm.

  4. After every compression, ensure that the chest returns to its normal position before starting the next compression.

  5. Do not stop compressions unnecessarily. Compressions should be interrupted only after 2 minutes. After 2 minutes of compressions and breaths, interrupt CPR to check for a response and breathing again.

  6. Each cycle of CPR is complete when 30 compressions are followed by 2 artificial breaths. This is achieved by the rescuer pinching the victim's nostril shut with fingers of one hand while the other hand of the rescuer opens the mouth of the victim. The rescuer then completely seals the mouth of the victim with his mouth while giving two breaths. This step should not take more than ten seconds. The rescuer then returns to giving the next cycle of 30 compressions.

When to stop CPR

You may stop CPR when the ambulance arrives and the crew takes over performing CPR.

It is possible that the victim revives with your efforts of performing CPR. If the victim starts breathing again or becomes conscious / talks/moves limbs/coughs, it suggests that resuscitation is successful. CPR can then be stopped.


Why is BLS training necessary?

  1. Cardiac arrest can occur in any situation. So it is not just the healthcare providers such as doctors and nurses, that need to be aware of how to perform CPR, but the general public too needs to know how to perform this lifesaving skill.

  2. If you are a doctor or a nurse, it is highly likely that your employer would ask for evidence of BLS / CPR training and certification.

  3. Professionals from certain occupations are required by safety regulations to undergo CPR training because they encounter cardiac arrest more frequently at their workplaces. Examples are industrial health and safety officers, airline pilots and crew members (air hostesses), sports and athletic coaches and trainers, fitness/gym instructors, professional lifesavers and rescuers etc.

Where to get BLS / CPR training and certification?

St. Steven's Centre for Life Support Training, Secunderabad offers this essential lifesaving training course and certification.

What is the duration the course?

The total duration of the course is 6 hours.

How can you successfully complete the course and achieve certification?

At the end of the training, you have to complete an MCQ test and CPR skills test - you will have to demonstrate the CPR skills that you learnt during the course.

Are BLS / CPR courses offered at institutes/companies?

Yes. If you have groups of students or professionals that need to be trained, CPR instructors from St. Steven's will travel to your institute along with their mannequins and training equipment and conduct the training.

Contact information

St. Steven's Centre for Life Support Training
35A Surya Avenue
Generals Road
Ph: 91 893 906 3510
Email: mail@stevens.life / monickams@gmail.com
Wesbite: http://www.stevens.life

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Author: Natarajan23 Dec 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 5

Nice simple write up about CPR. Often, when someone who is a stranger collapses, people crow all around and close in, not allowing much air to get in. Knowledgable people should be assertive to quickly move them apart so that the victim and people who know CPR has some space.

Many people try to find a mobile, check the pockets or bags. Instead, someone should quickly take charge, start and continue CPR if they know, while others around can find the contact details.

Many individuals are OK with starting chest compressions but I've seen a couple of times people reluctant to give mouth to mouth breaths. At such times, if anyone has second thoughts, quickly keep their own opened kerchief or hanky and continue with the breath instead of stopping in a dilemma. One should be careful when doing the chest compression, as overzealous individuals can deliver more force resulting in rib fractures.

Most people are glad when medical help or an ambulance comes and they (public) quickly carry on with their work. At last one member who was involved in the CPR should hang around, as often the team arriving will need an extra hand at the scene and also we can inform what has been done so far.

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