Introduction Basic Life Support (BLS) or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) refers to a sequence of steps that a person should do to enable a victim of cardiac arrest to be revived. Cardiac arrest refers to sudden stoppage of a person's heartbeat and blood circulation which could be due to any cause or illness whether sudden or chronic. In its simplest form, BLS consists of chest compressions done by a rescuer on the victim, as well as artificial breaths provided by a simple pocket mask or mouth to mouth. Without receiving CPR, a victim of cardiac arrest will die within minutes.
What is cardiac arrest? Cardiac arrest occurs when a person's heart stops beating. It may be due to any illness or injury. If no corrective measures are taken within seconds to minutes of a cardiac arrest, the victim will lose his life. A victim of cardiac arrest will not be conscious. In addition, the victim will also stop breathing. Anyone can recognize cardiac arrest by tapping the shoulders of the victim and looking for a response, and by observing the victim's chest for breathing movements. This assessment should be done very quickly. It is recommended that you do not spend more than 10 seconds for checking response and breathing. If both are absent, then the victim can be considered to be in cardiac arrest.
What do you do when you encounter a victim of cardiac arrest? When you are faced with a victim of cardiac arrest, you need to activate the emergency response system in the community quickly, such as calling an ambulance to the scene of the incident. Then kneel down by the side of the victim and start giving chest compressions and artificial breaths.
Chest compressions and artificial breaths There are guidelines about how to give proper chest compressions and artificial breaths to a victim of cardiac arrest. If done according to these guidelines, the chances of revival of the victim are higher -
When to stop CPR You may stop CPR when the ambulance arrives and the crew takes over performing CPR.
It is possible that the victim revives with your efforts of performing CPR. If the victim starts breathing again or becomes conscious / talks/moves limbs/coughs, it suggests that resuscitation is successful. CPR can then be stopped.
Why is BLS training necessary?
Where to get BLS / CPR training and certification? St. Steven's Centre for Life Support Training, Secunderabad offers this essential lifesaving training course and certification.
What is the duration the course? The total duration of the course is 6 hours.
How can you successfully complete the course and achieve certification?At the end of the training, you have to complete an MCQ test and CPR skills test - you will have to demonstrate the CPR skills that you learnt during the course.
Are BLS / CPR courses offered at institutes/companies?Yes. If you have groups of students or professionals that need to be trained, CPR instructors from St. Steven's will travel to your institute along with their mannequins and training equipment and conduct the training.
Contact informationSt. Steven's Centre for Life Support Training
35A Surya Avenue
Ph: 91 893 906 3510
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Nice simple write up about CPR. Often, when someone who is a stranger collapses, people crow all around and close in, not allowing much air to get in. Knowledgable people should be assertive to quickly move them apart so that the victim and people who know CPR has some space.
Many people try to find a mobile, check the pockets or bags. Instead, someone should quickly take charge, start and continue CPR if they know, while others around can find the contact details.
Many individuals are OK with starting chest compressions but I've seen a couple of times people reluctant to give mouth to mouth breaths. At such times, if anyone has second thoughts, quickly keep their own opened kerchief or hanky and continue with the breath instead of stopping in a dilemma. One should be careful when doing the chest compression, as overzealous individuals can deliver more force resulting in rib fractures.
Most people are glad when medical help or an ambulance comes and they (public) quickly carry on with their work. At last one member who was involved in the CPR should hang around, as often the team arriving will need an extra hand at the scene and also we can inform what has been done so far.