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Save Water: The Do's and Don'ts of Water Conservation

Water is one of the essential resources needed for the existence of life. But due to some factors, many countries in the world suffer from water scarcity. Saving water helps to reduce water scarcity and its related problems in the future. Continue reading this article to know more about how to save water and follow the effective ways to conserve water.

Water-Universal Liquid

Water is the primary ingredient which plays a major role in assuring the quality of life on the Earth. Humans, trees, plants, birds, animals and all such living forms need water to lead their life. Like food and oxygen, water is also an important source needed much for the humans to perform the daily activities such as drinking, cooking, bathing, cleaning, vessels washing and gardening. On the other hand, water is also needed for agriculture and industrial activities.

Is water sufficient for use in the Earth?

The entire planet is covered with 97% of salt water and only 3% of fresh water. But unfortunately, out of 3% of fresh water, glaciers and ice caps cover 2% and the remaining 1% is left in the form of drinking water. The balance of clean water on the earth is managed by rainfall and evaporation process. During summer season and at the time of lack of rainfall, the level of groundwater gets reduced, the land gets dried and the human population faces drought and water scarcity.

Only a meager percentage of water is present in the earth for the entire population. Many countries in the world face water scarcity which is one of the major problems where people need to suffer a lot to get clean water to perform their daily activities. Apart from water scarcity, the planet also suffers from water pollution. Lack of water also affects the growth of population, industry, agriculture, etc.

Water wastage is one of the mistakes being done by the humans who have adequate water. Huge usage of water above the daily needs in homes, factories, industries, construction work and agriculture lands leads to the shortage of water and creates a serious threat.

save water

Effects of the shortage of water

Can you imagine your life without water? It is highly impossible to continue living on the earth without water. Already the world is facing problems such as water scarcity and water pollution at a high level. In the olden days, adequate water was present in rivers, wells, ponds, and dams. At present, we are in a situation to buy mineral water and packaged drinking water from shops. The present situation clearly reveals the shortage of water in the world and it may even get worse in the future. To avoid the below-mentioned effects of the shortage of water, it is the responsibility of the humans to conserve water for the future use.

  • The shortage of water would convert agriculture lands into barren lands and will lead to drought.
  • If there is no water, then it is difficult to cook and the mankind would be forced to face starvation.
  • No plants and trees would survive without water.
  • Animals and Birds would be on the verge of extinction.
  • Lack of water causes a lot of diseases and malnutrition in the children.
  • Difficult for humans to stay hygienic as it would be impossible to take bath, clean clothes and vessels without water.

conserve water

How to save water?

The demand for water is getting higher due to increased population, industrialization and agricultural usage. Over usage of water beyond the limits and polluting the water with the domestic wastes and industrial wastes are the major causes for the lack of clean water. On the other hand, dumping of plastics in the rivers and oceans also leads to plastic pollution and water pollution. So, it is the responsibility of the humans to conserve water and avoid pollution.

Listed below are some of the water conservation tips which can be followed to save water in our daily life.

Water conservation at home

Since water is used extensively for domestic purpose, special attention must be given while using the water at home very particularly in the kitchen, bathroom, and the lawn. Also, teach your kids about water conservation and make it as a habit to implement it in life. Saving a drop of water adds value to your contribution to the mission of water conservation.


  • Close the tap tightly and avoid water leakage in the taps.
  • Run the dishwasher when it is full.
  • Do not turn the tap fully on. A large amount of water will get wasted if the tap is fully on.
  • Do not waste the water while washing the vessels. Fill a bucket or a basin with water and rinse the vessels.
  • Throw the food scraps into the garbage before rinsing the vessels because the scraps of food may block the sink and it may lead to the excess usage of water.
  • Use paper cups, paper plates or banyan leaves if you host a huge family function or a party at your home.
  • Instead of dumping down the liquid used to cook pasta or boil eggs, re-use it effectively by pouring that water to your plants after the liquid gets cooled.
  • Do not use running water to clean vegetables or meat.
  • Use efficient water doctor or other drinking water appliances. Fill a bottle with water instead of opening the tap every time you drink a glass of water.

tap waterdrop

Bathroom and Laundry
  • Close the tap while brushing your teeth. Do not waste the water by letting it go down the drain while you brush, instead open the tap only when it is time to rinse your mouth.
  • Take short showers.
  • Fill the tub or bucket halfway while bathing. Do not let the water to overflow from the bucket.
  • Avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily. It is advisable to use small capacity flush in toilets.
  • Install shower heads, water saving toilets, and faucet aerators to control the flow of water.
  • Save water while shaving, washing your face or hands. Do not let the water to run while you scrub your face or hands with soap, face wash or hand wash.
  • Run the washing machine when it is loaded fully.
  • Buy water efficient appliances such as dishwashers, washing machines, bathtubs, etc.
  • Instead of using water to clean the bathrooms, use brooms or dusters for cleaning.
  • Check for the leaks regularly and fix the faucet immediately when you spot a leak in the faucet. Temporarily insulate the faucet using a tape or a cloth to avoid water wastage and hire a plumber as soon as possible to fix the tap permanently.
  • Limit the usage of water while washing the clothes. Do not wash the clothes with the tap open. Fill the buckets with water and use it for washing and rinsing the clothes.

Lawn and Outdoor

  • Fix a nozzle on the hose to control the flow of water. Do not leave the hoses unattended.
  • Water the plants in the garden only when needed. Do not over water your lawn. Use a hand sprinkler while watering the plants.
  • Use a bucket of water to wash your car, instead of washing the car at home using a hose. It is also advisable to take yours to the car wash where the water gets recycled.
  • Re-use the water from the kitchen and bathroom for watering a plant. Just take a note that the soap you are washing should not harm the plants and trees in the garden.
  • Switch off the motor before it overflows. Excess water will get wasted if the motor gets overflowed. Try to use that water for some other purpose.
  • It is better to water your plants in the morning than in the evening because in the morning time the temperature and the speed of the air will be low and the evaporation will not happen.
  • Do not clean the pavement or driveway with water instead use a broom to clean the leaves or debris.
  • Shut off the water system when the tap gets broken or if you can't control the water leakage.
  • Use self-serve pet washing system to wash your dogs or take your pet to the grooming center.
  • Install rainwater harvesting systems in the house to store rainwater. Also during the rainy season, collect rainwater in large tubs and use it to water the plants in the house.


The importance of water and the need for water conservation should be explained to the people and must be implemented in their daily life to save water. Water conservation is possible only with the practice of people. It is easy to follow the above-mentioned water conservation tips at home. So, everyone should follow it to save the water. Even when you step out of the home, one must behave responsibly in the public and remember to save water. It is a good habit to conserve water. Be a responsible citizen and save water without wasting it unnecessarily.

Don't let life slip down the drain. Conserve water, Conserve life!


Author: Umesh18 Apr 2018 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 4

Water is the elixir of our life. We can not imagine our life without it. The author has given good tips to conserve water in our day to day life.

I will like to add that water is such a precious commodity that it is a criminal act to waste it. It is also interesting to mention that a very small percentage (2-3 %) of rainwater gets absorbed in earth soil and rest of it goes to rivers, ponds etc where if it is not stored properly goes to sea and mixes with saline seawater and becomes unusable.

So conserving groundwater and storing rainwater in big dams and reservoir is the need of the hour and sincere efforts of the Govt are required in this direction.

At our level we can use many methods to avoid wastage and if all of the citizens become conscious of this then definitely we can meet the demand of water in our country.

Author: Natarajan18 Apr 2018 Member Level: Gold   Points : 12

Humans, animals, tree and other life forms need water. We need to ensure that we have enough for all of us now and in the future. Already many cities and districts in India and places around the world are reporting a significant drop in the water table.

Today, it is a reality that we may run out of water. It has happened in Rio, Sao Paulo, Cape Town etc. The Indian Government can look into how Sao Paulo and Cape Town have/had drawn emergency plans and water rationing to tackle the water crisis because we often have a drought in many parts of India.

All this should open our eyes and minds to take water conservation seriously. Imagine the plight of wild animals during drought. I read a moving article about Patrick Kilonzo Mwalua (Waterman of Tsavo west national park) of Kenya, who drove many hours to transport around 3000 gallons of water to the desperate wild animals. After hearing such things, we should be embarrassed to waste water by leaving taps open during brushing, shaving etc.

I have seen people using water continuously via a tube attached to the tap to clean vehicles, wasting most of it. Responsible citizens, apartments, and even the Government can consider the option of 'Waterless vehicle wash' (uses 250ml of water when compared to 20 liters/car) and the price is around Rs 160-170 rupees for a car. Many firms in Bangalore have already started this.

Along with conservation, we need to consider recycling and saline water conversion plants, as this, I think, would be the future need for many apartments, like we have the rainwater harvesting system for individual homes

There are aerated shower heads and tap attachments, that reduce the volume of water that flows/minute via the taps and bathroom showers. So, there are means to conserve water. We only need to have the mindset to save water for others.

Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao22 Apr 2018 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 4

Water is an essential commodity for the existence of the mankind on this earth. Without water, we can't imagine our life on this earth. Slowly the water reserves are coming down and in many places and countries, water is becoming very critical. A day may come shortly where we may have to purchase water in litres like milk not only for drinking but for the general use also. Now in many kitchens, everybody is having RO plants for drinking water. The water consumption for one litre of drinking water will consume up to 2 litres of normal water and it may also increase based on the quality of raw water. That will make water consumption very high. So in all kitchens, we should have arrangements to collect that wastewater coming out from RO units and that water can be used for dishwashing and floor washing. This will result in a good saving of water. Every water drop saved is the water stored for the next generation. Like this, there are many ways where we can restrict our water consumption. Whenever you are wasting water, if you think about a day without water, you will never waste even a single drop of water. Save water and save our future generations.

Author: T.M.Sankaran04 May 2018 Member Level: Gold   Points : 15

Water conservation actions must start from conserving nature. Compared to the loss of water due to the destruction of nature the misuse at home is negligible. Forests, hills and mountains, agriculture farms, especially paddy fields and ponds and rivers are to be carefully managed in order to preserve underground water. Forests are a collection of trees, plants and bushes. All these plant forms are fixed on the ground with the support of roots of respective plants. These roots are different in length and width, some going deep into the earth while others spread around the plant. However, these routs block the easy flow of rain water which reach the earth flowing through the trees. This water goes into the earth slowly and gets preserved there, allowing a slow flow into the rivers originating from this hill. In rivers also this water flow will be controlled by the sandy bottom. If sands are removed from rivers this controlling will not take place and the water will easily reach the sea.

Similarly, the small ponds and wells in and around our residential areas must be kept clean and unpolluted. Pollution is a major problem that causes non-availability of pure water. Those who have terrace buildings can plan to preserve the rainwater falling on the terrace during rainy seasons. They can collect it in a tank or if there is a well in it. A filtering system can be used to remove the dirt from the rainwater before collecting.
Water, like air, is a must for our living on this earth. To a certain extent, both are related also. Air pollution will definitely affect the water quality. Civilized and educated people must take initiative to conserve water in order to continue the existence of life on earth.

Author: ABSivakumar04 May 2018 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 15

The importance of water conservation is not only being felt like never before, it is also a very healthy sign that there are a huge number of initiatives aimed at water conservation only for drinking purposes. For instance, at Chennai, there has been a huge shift in terms of reuse of water that is used in so many places. All this is collected and filtered and sent back to the industries. The desalination plants set up have also helped in maximizing the supply of drinking water to over eighty lakh people.

Furthermore, the suburbs have their own sources of water supply, managed by local bodies, through their own bore wells. The use of water is regulated, as water is made available only for a specific period of time. When water is given aplenty, there is every chance of its misuse and this is carefully taken care of, almost as a rule.

Rainwater harvesting is compulsory even for households and those who do not adhere to this rule, have to pay huge fines. However, today, there is a growing awareness about rainwater harvesting and there has been a big push in this regard.

Water is also sought to used through drip irrigation and not only in Chennai, but in other cities as well. There are roof gardens where the vegetables are grown are so healthy, as they are grown only by and through use of organic fertilizers.

The organic farming methods are catching up as well, particularly in terms of cultivating vegetables. There has an explosion in terms of print media, highlighting success stories in Tamil, and the good word is sought to be spread around. In fact, there are many farmers who have switched over to alternative sources of income. For example, cultivating green vegetables and the "paalak" varieties (called Keerai in Tamil), have multiplied manifold.

The Government should do something about water conservation but it is doing nothing. In fact, it has actively contributed to drought, as illegal mining of sand is going on, with State patronage, as the ruling party rowdies are so much involved in this game, with the Chief Minister and his family members running a big empire.

Still, voluntary help is really good. There are some good signs. As regards household usage of water, families are now doing some good work in this regard by minimizing water wastage. Let us hope that in the years to come, the success stories will multiply and the lessons learned will automatically reach a huge section of people, all over the country.

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