Agarwood also known as Oud has been extensively used for making several valuable products over decades. Agarwood is a resinous heartwood that naturally occurs in the Aquilaria trees that commonly grow in the Himalayan foothills of South Asia and in the rainforest of Papua New Guinea. Though Aquilaria tree, the most important source of agarwood is commonly found in countries such as India, Malaysia, and Thailand, its globally increasing demand makes agarwood farming the choice of many people these days.
Since the Agarwood tree can grow on a wide range of soil and under diverse conditions, cultivation of this valuable incense has not been a concern for farmers. Agarwood tree is planted mainly during the beginning of rainy season. Agar is mainly formed inside the trunk or root of the tree when it gets infected by Phaeoacremonium parasitic fungus. The precious resin formed is a result of the tree's natural defense mechanism during the fungal infection. This resin often referred to as Oud or agarwood, is the major component in the fragrances. In oud plantation, the planter would inject artificial inducer into the xylem of the tree for the early production of Agarwood. The interesting fact is that natural resin that usually forms after around ten years can be done in a short period of time with the help of this inoculation technique. Resinous wood will be formed in the roots, trunks, and branches of the tree after a few months. During the harvest time, to extract resin, the root will be dug out and the trunk part will be cut down 20 cm above the ground. The resins can then be separated from the white unaffected wood of the tree.
Agarwood, the resinous wood formed in Aquilaria tree is used as incense, for extracting essential oil, medicinal purposes as well as a perfume ingredient. The precious agarwood traced back thousands of years has an interesting history and is used for treating respiratory disorders and in traditional Chinese medicines. Agarwood can also be carved into beads, sculptures, and boxes. Whether for agarwood chips, medicine, oil or fragrances, the agarwood market is growing rapidly.
If you are planning to do agarwood plantation, then you should do some research to get an expert opinion regarding Oud plantation. Arista Life, the leading Agarwood product manufacturers in India can help you with Agarwood tree cultivation and things you need to consider before engaging in agar production.
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Agarwood tree is also called as 'wood of the Gods'. The reason is that it is mainly used for the religious purposes. Agarwood is powdered and used in the manufacture of incense. Agarwood is processed and the oil that gets extracted is used in perfumes and cosmetics. In Arabia, it is mainly used to manufacture perfume. In China, it is used to make ornaments. Medicinal wine is manufactured out of it in the whole of Korea. Raw pieces are decoratively carved and highly appreciated all around Korea, Japan, and Taiwan as natural art. It can also be beautifully turned into ornaments like pearls and beads. Agarwood is obtained when Aquiliria tree gets infected. A healthy Aquilariaa tree serves no purpose. Only when it gets infected, it has a wide range of uses.
To cultivate it, many Aquilaria trees need to be chopped. Only then it is possible to determine whether the trees contain Agarwood or not. It is seen that in the past, most of these trees have been harvested out of the wild. However, this method can only result in depletion of the resources. Large knives are used to wound the trees. Nails are sometimes used for the purpose of hammering. These aren't effective methods. Inferior quality agarwood gets produced and it only can be used for home purposes. To obtain high-quality agarwood, one needs to wait patiently for many years and adopt a scientific approach. Nowadays, holes are drilled in the tree trunks. The wound is kept open by inserting a pipe made up of plastic in the hole. Chemical treatment allows the defence mechanism that stimulates the resin production.