Occupational therapyOccupational therapy is a program of mental /physical activity to assist people who are disabled/recovering from disease or injury. It can help people to get the most of their lives when for whatever reason; they are unable to carry out everyday tasks. It is an allied health profession done by occupational therapists, who are educated professionals and possess a license for practising.
Work of Occupational TherapistsOccupational Therapists work with people who have physical/mental/ social problems, regardless of whether the problem has been from birth or is the result of an accident, illness/ageing. The purpose of the OT is to work out what people need and want to do for themselves in their daily lives and to maximize their ability to achieve this, however it may not always be possible to achieve or restore all the functions they may desire. To establish exactly what the person wants to achieve the OT begins with a thorough assessment of his or her needs and lifestyle. The therapists also seek to establish the reason why a person is unable to perform certain tasks. He or she may be then adapt the living or working environment of the persons, teach a different way of coping with particular difficulties or recommend therapeutic activities to improve coordination, concentration or strength.
OT 's work with other professionals from different areas such as physical and speech therapy, audiology, nursing, social work, clinical psychology, and medicine. OT works with the clients using the occupational therapy process through a sequence of actions which includes evaluation components, intervention, and the outcomes/results. Treatments are always tailored to the individual and a large proportion of the occupational therapist's work will take place in a person's own home/work environment. Making simple adjustments such as repositioning furniture equipment, or changing its height can make a significant difference to someone's independence. As a person's level of functioning improves the occupational therapist, will focus on other aspects of life-meal preparation, leisure, and social interests or employment opportunities. Since recovery rates vary, the occupational therapist will design a personalized treatment plan, based on the person's; lifestyle and ability.
How Occupational Therapy can help or benefit
Where do Occupational Therapists workThe place of work of an occupational therapist is patients home, hospitals, daycare centres, schools, colleges, social service departments, nursing homes, clinics, industrial and commercial organizations, prisons, charities, and voluntary organizations.
What to study to become OTTo become OTs one should study Bachelor of Occupational Therapy course of three years duration. The students who wish to pursue the course must have completed 10+2 or equivalent from a recognized university with 50% in aggregate in the science stream. The subjects of study in Occupational therapy courses include Medical Terminology, Human development, Anatomy, Physiology, General Psychology, General sociology or Anthropology, Abnormal psychology, Statistics, Physics, and Kinesiology.
Universities that offer Occupational Therapy Courses in India
Universities Abroad that offer best Occupational Therapy Masters Program
More articles: How to