The tactics of the opposition parties in India

Are you confused about the role of the opposition? Do you want to know the similarities of the tactics of the opposition? In this article, a brief description of the different tactics the opposition follows during every election is provided.


The opposition in this country never behaves in a constructive way. While criticism is important, it should be to point out the flaws of any policy or decision. Criticism always has to be constructive and should be for the development of the country, but what we see is a blame game and an intention to demean the dispensation presently holding the office. Today, politicians do not have any ethics and they choose their alliance partners by thinking their own political gains. You can say that politics is all about rising at the top echelon of powers to rule the rest, but how far one can go by demeaning others? The way you choose today can easily become the reason for your downfall and that is what we are observing in the political arena.

When the sense of responsibility is much less among the opposition, the voters, especially those who are not much aware of current affairs become very confused. While the situation of the society as a whole is very much reflected in the political field, few tactics of the opposition always remain the same. Let's have a brief look at them.

Politics of appeasement and tall promises

While corruption is an integral part of Indian politics, politicians always try to exploit people who are downtrodden. During the time of an election, the incumbent dispensation announces sops for certain sections of the society. Similarly, the oppositions also announce sops without thinking of the economic burden and this goes on. Appeasement and freebies are the main planks to gain popularity and all the political parties in opposition are exactly doing this.

If we look into few recent instances we will understand how the opposition tries to garner votes by promising various sops.

Recently, many state governments have started to waive the farm loans and this started after the declaration of results of the assembly elections in the five states, namely Rajasthan, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Mizoram. The opposition Congress had promised to waive the farm loans if voted to power and they exactly did it in the states where they formed the government. They cannot think of a long-term solution to this and hence think of a one-time relief through waiving the loans. Before 2014 elections, the BJP promised 'acche din' and said they will bring back black money and deposit an amount of 15 lakhs in every Indian's account. They couldn't bring back black money and nobody received 15 lakhs from the government.

Promise of secularism

The entire opposition is united to save the country from communalism. The opposition is talking about the ruin of the secular fabric of this country which was actually never present. Every political party talks about secularism but do they know the real meaning of it? From their activities, it is understood how grossly they misuse the term. At times, the opposition tries to prove by certain means that they are the only secular one and will always work for the downtrodden if voted to power. They will pick out a particular caste, creed or religion and will say how underdeveloped they remained all these years and will try to gain the confidence of that community by playing the religious/caste card. When the opposition is unable to find out any major corruption deal with the incumbent they will always try to divide people through religious lines. Nobody tries to point out the fact that religious beliefs are extremely personal and cannot have a role to decide how the country should run.

The blame game

Look into the behaviour of the opposition during the parliament sessions. Parliament is a place to discuss and debate and the present day opposition doesn't bother if the session gets washed out because of the din created by them. The incumbent appeals to the opposition to cooperate with the government before every session and when the opposition comes to power the same thing is repeated by the other side. There is a continuous blame game and if any issue regarding the incumbent crops up, the opposition keeps on harping on it to make it believable as true to the countrymen. The same is true for the implementation of different policies and the policies that were once opposed by the opposition can very well be implemented by the same opposition when they come to power.


Going by these general characteristics of the entire opposition, it is very easy for certain sections of the society to get swayed by the behaviour of the opposition. A country with a huge population, where around 20% of them live below the poverty line (BPL), we cannot expect mature decisions from everybody. Many castes and sects are bound to be influenced by the different tactics of the opposition as well as the incumbent. The rest must think of every aspect while casting their votes and it is expected that nobody should fall prey to the age-old tactics of the opposition political parties.

Article by Sankalan Bhattacharya
Sankalan "Life is easier when you enjoy what you do"

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