IntroductionIndian history is very rich. We had lots of kings and dynasties before Britishers ruled us. Each dynasty under the rule of several kings has contributed to its prosperity.
Since ancient times, India was always an attraction for other countries due to immense wealth, spices, gold and its abundant natural resources that is why India was called as a Golden Bird. That is the reason why India was ruled by several dynasties and was attacked by foreigner rulers to loot its wealth and gold.
Here are the few major dynasties that have ruled India before the British came to India.
Mauryan Dynasty (322-185BCE) India was united as a large state under the Mauryan dynasty for the first time. It was from north up to the Himalayas and in the east up to the state of Assam. It reached beyond Pakistan to what is now Afganistan in the east. Mauryan dynasty was established by Chandragupta Maurya. Chanakya played an important role in the establishment of this dynasty. The great Ashoka was the most famous king of the Mauryan Dynasty. India was united as a large state under his rule. During his military endeavours, he witnessed immense misery and loss of life which became a turning point in his life. He was saddened due to it and decided to stop all this and left all the comforts and recourse in peace. Hence he adopted Buddism. The empire began to decline after the death of Ashoka.
Gupta Dynasty (320-550 CE)The Indian subcontinent was reunited under the Gupta dynasty. This period has been called the Golden Age of India. The peace and prosperity created under the leadership of Guptas India grew in science and art. The philosophy of Hindu culture took shape during this time. Chandragupta, I, Samudra Gupta and Chandragupta II are some of the famous Gupta kings.
Chola Dynasty (300 BCE-1279 CE)Cholas established the greatest empire in South India. Under the rule of Rajaraja Chola I and his successors they got success in becoming militarily, culturally and economically, major power known within South Asia and south-east Asia. They had a strong navy in the region. In their rule, the region gained in art, religion and literature and it was so prominent in their rule that it had never been in South India in anyone's rule. Monumental temples and sculpture in stone and bronze were at its peak and have never been seen till now.
Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526)Turks attacked North India and were able to establish their rule called Delhi Sultanate. Their kingdom was based in Delhi and stretched over large parts of Indian subcontinent. Five dynasties were a part of the Delhi Sultanate, the Mumluk dynasty, the Khilji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty, and the Afghan Lodi dynasty. Qutub-ud-din Aibak, a former slave Muhammad Ghori, was the first sultan of Delhi. The architecture, music and literature saw a change in this period due to the intermixing of the two cultures. The Delhi Sultanate is the only Indo-Islamic empire to have a female ruler in India, Razia Sultana.
Mughal Dynasty (1526-1857)Babur was the founder of Mughal dynasty in 1526. The greatest Mughal emperor was Akbar who was able to bring all of the Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari river under his rule. The economy under his rule grew and became strong due to policies initiated by him. He treated people of all religions equally. His followers loved him and had complete trust in him. He was succeeded by his son Jahangir.
Shah Jahan was the grandson of Akbar and his reign was considered to be the golden era of architecture. The Taj Mahal, one of the wonders of the world, and Jama Masjid, one of the largest mosques in India, besides the Red Fort and many such monuments were built during his rule.
Aurangzeb, Shah Jahan's son, increased the size of the kingdom to its biggest ever. However, during his reign itself, Mughals became weak and gradually their power started to decline.
ConclusionIndia has a very extensive history which has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties. Many dynasties reigned over India during the ancient age. India was a Golden bird of that time which was the reason for Britishers to inspire India to be their colony which they did. They made us slave and looted our wealth and destroyed our resources. After several years being a slave finally in 1947 we became independent and became a democratic country. There were lots of brave kings which were born in India and many of them are still remembered for their bravery.