Bottle feeding techniques and tips

Bottle feeding is the common alternative to mother's milk. Sometimes, additional bottle feeds may be given along with mother's milk, if the milk supply is inadequate. Bottle feeding is not only just pouring the liquid into the bottle. It is very important to give careful attention while preparing your baby's milk. Here are some tips and techniques on bottle feeding. Feed your child safe by following this bottle feeding guide.

Comparatively, there are many advantages in bottle feeding than mother's milk. Working mothers who are feeding their children may resort to bottle-feeding when they are at work. Also, if the breastfeeding pattern is well-established and the mother is absent during feeding time, one can induce secretion of mother's milk in advance and have someone to give it by bottle later.

Best alternative for mother's milk

If the mother's milk is unavailable or insufficient, the infant must be fed artificially or top-fed. The most popular substitute for mother's milk is cow's milk. Reconstituted powder milk is also used extensively nowadays. Cow's milk must be modified to resemble the mother's milk as closely as possible. Milk powders have to be constituted with an appropriate amount of water and make the required amount of feed.

How to sterilize feeding bottles

Always buy the best quality feeding bottle, it consists of a wide neck, silicone nipples. Get cleaning equipment like bottle cleaning brush, tongs, a sterile saucepan and a large saucepan to sterilize the bottle. After feeding, rinse the bottle thoroughly with warm water and detergent. Rinse again with cold water. Pay special attention to the nipples. Turn them inside out and clean well. Rub with salt if slimy. Take some cold water in the large pan and put the clean bottles in it. Boil the bottles for ten minutes. Put the nipples in the boiling water for another two minutes. Allow it to cool and dry try bottle.

How to prepare milk for bottle feed

If you are feeding cow's milk, add little water and boil it properly in a clean vessel. Prepare warm milk feed, sugar may or may not be added to the milk. Stain this with a clean sieve. Put this in the sterilized milk bottle. Prepare powder milk according to the directions given on the tin. Use the spoon or measure provided in the box. Measure the feed accurately. Use leveled spoon or heaped spoon as directed. Add pre-boiled warm or cooled ware to the milk powder. Stir with a clean spoon. Prepare milk in a quantity that is adequate for the child. Do not make excessive amounts for feed. Throw away any leftover milk. Clean the bottle at the earliest. Leftover milk in the bottle provides a breeding medium for germs.

Do's and don'ts of bottle feeding

Keep your baby's feeding bottle personal. Before feeding, check the milk flow and the temperature of the milk by putting a few drops on the inside of your wrist. It should just be warm. Put the bottle in the infant's mouth so that the baby can suck. The nipple should be full of milk so that the baby does not suck air. Hold the bottle firmly. Air bubbles should appear in the bottle as the infant sucks and if they do not appear, remove the nipple slightly from the mouth and re-insert. Do not prop the bottle against a pillow or let the infant hold the bottle himself because it is dangerous and the infant could choke. Till six to seven months the infant can hold the bottle but the supervision of an adult is a must. Always measure the milk quantity, do not overfeed the baby. Do not let the child sleep with the bottle in his mouth. This may lead to tooth decay at a later age. Also, as the child becomes more mobile and independent, he might want to carry the bottle along with him as he moves. The child may not actually be hungry but just feels reassured and safe when he carries the bottle around. Do not encourage his habit, as it is not hygienically sound. It is also not wise to try to force-feed the child.

Bond between mother and baby

A mother who bottle-feeds her child should establish close physical contact with the baby. She can touch, cuddle or talk to the baby. Babies like skin contact with the mother and the mother can easily recognize her young one's signals.


Author: Reena Upadhya19 Jan 2019 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 8

The author has covered various points that one needs to know regarding bottle feeding.

Before feeding the baby, make sure the position is right and comfortable. It is not just about the comfort of the baby but also about the comfort of the mother or others who are going to feed the baby. It takes around 15-20 minutes to feed a baby and thus it is always necessary to get in a comfortable position. Baby's head needs to be supported with the crook of the arm. Prop baby at 40 or 45 degrees. This position prevents swallowing of too much of amount of air. Before bottle feeding the baby, make sure that head and neck are in alignment. Initially, it can seem like a tiring position. However, the mother can make use of a pillow to rest her arm.

How to know the bottle feeding is enough? Well, it is simple. Baby will turn the heads away from the nipple of the bottle when full. No matter how much care is taken, still some amount of air gets trapped in the baby's little stomach. The more the amount of air, more early the baby will start feeling full. Thus, here comes the need for burping the baby. When the baby is halfway through the milk bottle, it is better to take a break and let those air bubbles come out from the tummy. There are lots of indications that the baby is feeling airy. Sometimes after a couple of minutes or so, the baby turns the head away. It does not mean that the baby is full but an indication that too much of gas is accumulated in the little tummy.

If the little ones spit up often, it is better to feed them in small amounts. Help them burp every five minutes during a bottle feeding session. Once bottle feeding is completed, hold them in an upright position and don't try to bounce them. While feeding hold baby's head higher than the feet. Baby's clothes around little tummy need to be loose during a feeding session.

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