Have you ever visited beautiful Bandhavgarh National Park at the heart of India

Bandhavgarh National Park was earlier the private hunting ground of the royal family of Rewa. Now, this National Park presents a grand view of India's extremely diverse wildlife and fauna. Want to enjoy a few days enjoying the pristine glory of nature at Bandhavgarh? Read this article for details.

Since 1972, Government of India and the State Governments have been consciously making efforts to protect the diverse flora and fauna of India. The National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries have been developed precisely for the purpose. People visit these National Parks and Sanctuaries to understand the diversity which the Indian wildlife offers. I earlier wrote about Singalila National Park, Neora Valley National Park, Mahananda Sanctuary and Bethuadahari Sanctuary located in West Bengal and Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam. Now let us know about Bandhavgarh National Park located at the heart of India-in the Umeria District of Madhya Pradesh.

From the name itself, it is understood that there is a fort ('garh') in this place. The ancient fort is said to be built during the Treta Yuga. Later this place was ruled by various dynasties among which the Baghels ruled this place for the longest period. The Baghel kings shifted their capital from this place to Rewa when they were expanding their kingdom. During the British period, this forest was the private hunting ground of the kings of Rewa. The forest was full of tigers and the Rewa kings used to shoot tigers every year in huge numbers.

The forest was handed over to the Government by the royal family after independence. In 1968, the Government declared Bandhavgarh as a National Park. The core area and the buffer area were being protected and the local villagers were relocated from the core area. It has been declared as a tiger reserve in 1993.

Faunas at Bandhavgarh

The variety of wildlife of Bandhavgarh National Park is mind-boggling. More than 25 species of mammals are found in the forest. The number of tigers is much more than many other forests of India. This forest is internationally famous for white tigers. In addition to tiger, leopard, sambar, barking deer, nilgai, chausinga, chinkara, spotted deer, Asiatic jackal, wild boar, gaur, Bengal fox, civet, porcupine, common langurs and rhesus macaque are found in this National Park. Reptilian fauna of the Park includes cobra, krait, viper, python and rat snake. In addition, turtle and different varieties of lizards are seen.

Birds of Bandhavgarh

The bird-watchers find this National Park a great place of pleasure. More than 250 varieties of birds can be seen in this Park. Some of these are: Black ibis, shirke of different varieties, eagles of different varieties, woodpecker, shikara, falcon, kite, pipit, warbler, paradise flycatcher, vultures of different varieties, jungle myna, dove, cuckoo, different types of geese, owl, kingfisher, sparrow, lark and many others. To properly know about various birds, a trained guide is necessary.

Floras in the Park

Bandhavgarh National Park covering an area of 446 square kilometer is considered the most fertile land of entire Umeria District of Madhya Pradesh. The river water and sufficient rainfall help in the rapid growth of young plants. The forest is deciduous. Although sal and bamboo are the main tree/plant in the forest, there are many other trees are found in this forest. Some of these are: saj, salai, tendu, arjun, kadam, khajur, mango, jamun, ber, madhuca, babul, banyan, mohua, neem, mahua and many others. In addition, the grasslands are also worth mentioning. Many botanists also visit this forest in connection with their research.

When to visit: How to visit

The best time to visit Bandhavgarh Park is winter. Generally, tourists visit this park from November to February (winter). However, for a better chance of tiger sighting, the tourists should visit the Park in summer.

The nearest airport is Khajuraho at a distance of 270 Kilometer from the entrance of the Park. The nearest railway station is at Umeria at a distance of 35 Kilometer. The tourists can visit the forest by rented vehicles from Satna (120 Kilometer), Katni (102 Kilometer) and from Jabalpur (190 Kilometer).

Where to stay

Many luxury resorts and budget hotels are available for different types of tourists in the surrounding areas of the National Park like Tigergarh and beside Magdhi Gate of the National Park. The tourists can choose the place of stay according to their budget.

Final few words

The facility safari and jeep safari is available at the Park for the interested tourists. The tourists can definitely enjoy a few days in the lap of nature following the instructions of the Forest Department officials and experienced guides.

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