Introduction "Prevention is better than cure" is the main essence of taking vaccines at an early age of our life. By taking vaccines at early child age will help our body to develop immunity towards various diseases and infections. One has to know that the vaccines taken at the age of childhood may not give protection for lifelong but to be taken in the adult age also to get their benefits. Many don't know that there are vaccines that can be taken even at adult age also that provide immunity towards fatal disease-causing germs.
Need of Vaccination at adult age Usually we take many vaccines at childhood to make our body to develop antibodies for various disease-causing germs. These antibodies live a long duration in our blood to provide protection for many years. To maintain and to improve these antibodies number, booster doses of vaccines to be taken at the adult stage. At present many new diseases like Swine flu, Ebola, Sars etc. attacking people and so improving immunity even at an adult age is also necessary.
Vaccines to be taken at Adult Age
Influenza VaccineUsually four varieties of viruses cause flu disease. For all these four varieties of viruses which cause flu, one common vaccine is available at present. This vaccine is very essential for pregnant woman and people with age above 65 years. People with heart diseases, Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, Diabetes, kidney failure, Thalassemia, HIV, Sickle Cell Anemia, people consuming medicines to improve immunity, doctors and Nurses working in hospitals have to take this vaccine to protect themselves from Influenza viral infection. This Flu vaccine is to be taken every year before flu season.
DTP Vaccine We usually take DTP vaccine at childhood which protects us from three major diseases Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis (Whooping Cough). But the antibodies developed due to this vaccine will slowly get reduced along with age. So booster dose of this Acellular DTP vaccine is to be taken after every 10 years till the age of 65 to maintain the antibodies number in our body to resist against the above three diseases.
MMR Vaccine MMR vaccine is meant for Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. This vaccine is not available in the past generations and so taking this vaccine by elderly people of past generations along with the children is essential to get protection against these three fatal diseases. A pregnant woman should not take this vaccine.
Varicella Vaccine Even though Chickenpox is not a dangerous disease, if immunity is lacking in the individual it may lead to a condition called Pneumonia. Due to this condition, the infection may lead to the brain and even lead to secondary infections and ultimately it leads to the death of the patient. If a person gets infected with Chickenpox, natural immunity develops in his body towards this infection. So individuals who have not got this infection previously in their life or who have not taken this vaccine till now have to take this vaccine. This vaccine has to be taken two times with a gap of one month from the first time. After 50 years every individual have to take one more dose of this vaccine to get protection from this disease.
Herpes Zostavax Vaccine Herpes Zoster (Shingles) is an inflammatory condition is characterized by a painful blistering skin rash. This condition is caused by the virus which causes Chickenpox and the dormant virus which hide in the nerves get reactivated to cause this shingles. This infection usually caused in old age people and so it is essential for the old age people above 60 years have to take this vaccine.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine HPV is usually given to females to protect young teenage girls from cervical cancer or genital warts or anal cancer. This vaccine also is recommended for males to protect themselves from genital warts. The HPV vaccine is recommended for young women through age 26, and young men through age 21. As young individuals are more prone to this infection in sexually active age this vaccine should be taken at much earlier adolescent age of 15 years.
Pneumococcal Vaccine Old persons are more prone to infections of Pneumonia, blood, and Meningeal layers. Pneumococcal Vaccine will protect from all these infections. So people above the age of 65 years must have to take this vaccine to protect themselves against the above infections. Two Vaccines are there in this category-PVC 13 to be taken first and after one-year duration PVC 23 is also taken for complete protection. If PVC 23 is already taken then PVC 13 to be taken after one year.
Hepatitis A Vaccine Hepatitis A is the most common infection found among people and especially children of the age of 10-15 years. Individuals who stay in hostels and people who are accustomed to outside food are prone to this infection. So such people must have to take this vaccine as a protective measure. Homosexuals, people who are involved in cooking in hotels and restaurants, patients who are waiting for liver transplantation, drug addicts have to necessarily take this vaccine. Hepatitis A Vaccine has to be taken in two doses with a gap of 6 months apart from the first dose.
Hepatitis B Vaccine Hepatitis B infection is more dangerous than Hepatitis A. This infection is spread through sexual intercourse, secretion of genital organs, people who are moving closely with infected persons, patients who are frequently undergoing blood transfusions, patients undergoing Chemotherapy, patients undergoing Dialysis etc. So these people must take this vaccine without fail. Hepatitis B Vaccine should be taken 3 times in life at any age with a gap of 6 months between the two doses. If once this course of vaccine is taken there is no need for a booster dose for this vaccine.
Typhoid VaccineTyphoid is caused through a bacterial germ Salmonella typhi. Patients who are subjected to this infection get a fever, headache, stomachache, weakness, lack of appetite etc. People who travel frequently and have their food outside will usually get this disease. Typhoid vaccine to be taken either orally or dermally a dose after every three years.