IntroductionHave you ever heard of black chicken? It is called the black chicken, popularly known as "kali masi" in Madhya Pradesh because the color of the meat, bones and blood of this variety is black. This breed is famous and has wide acceptance because of its taste as well as health benefits. Throughout the world, there exist three varieties of black chicken. These varieties are 'Ayyam Cemani' which is from Indonesia, 'Silkie' is available in China and in India, the variety is known as 'Kadaknath'. In July 2018, this breed from India got the GI tag. This particular variety is reared mainly in Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh. Though at present it is not available everywhere, people from Southern India, especially from Karnataka, Kerala and Telangana, and people from Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Odisha already found this variety very delicious.
Nutritional BenefitsApart from its taste, it has many nutritional values with high protein and low-fat content. A Kadaknath chicken meat of 100 gm contains 25% protein, around 1% fat, 185 mg cholesterol and 24% linoleic acid. The fat content in this breed is quite low compared to other poultry breeds as in other types of chicken the fat content is between 15% and 25%. This can be given to patients as well because of all its benefits, after all a diet with low fat and low cholesterol with sufficient protein is what we all need to maintain good health.
After a certain age people need to avoid red meat, therefore this variety can safely be chosen for its unique taste and nutritional benefits.
Why this breed Is Gaining PopularityIt is believed that consuming the meat of Kadaknath chicken helps to raise the level of haemoglobin, helps to get relief from various pulmonary disorders as well as cures certain gynaecological problems. In Madhya Pradesh, the tribal communities find the blood of Kadaknath chicken useful to treat certain chronic illnesses.
Because of these health benefits and its nutritional values, this variety is gaining popularity and many poultry farmers throughout the country have shown interest to rear this breed. There are different incentive schemes run by a few of the state governments to promote its farming and with increased production and wide coverage the price of the egg and meat of Kadaknath chicken is bound to come down.
Price Of Kadaknath ChickenSince this breed has not gained much popularity throughout the country till now, its consumption level is much higher compared to its production than the other poultry breeds. This has rendered this breed a rare one. At present this chicken is sold at the price of Rs 800/- to Rs 1000/- a Kg and its brown egg is sold between Rs 40/- and Rs 60/- a piece.
Varieties Of Kadaknath ChickenKadaknath chicken comes in three varieties. They can be differentiated from their external features.
Advantages Of Kadaknath FarmingThe main advantage of farming this breed is its wide range of adaptability. This breed survives well in harsh and hot climatic conditions having temperatures ranging from 12°C – 40°C. They are highly resistant to diseases compared to other poultry breeds and survive on foods which are of lower cost. The byproducts of this breed have a good demand and the profit margins of this variety are quite high. It grows very quickly because of its high feed conversion ratio (FCR) and a chick develops to almost 1.75 Kg within a span of four months. Though a small number of pure Kadaknath breeds are available in Jhabua and Dhar districts of Madhya Pradesh where it is reared by the tribal, other varieties are found in Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Gujarat also. In a few of the southern states, namely Kerala, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana the farming of this breed has already started.
Final WordsThis variety is bound to find many takers because of its taste and health benefits. Since farming of Kadaknath is very profitable, it is gaining grounds in many parts of India. When the taste and benefits are huge people will never mind paying more for its meat and egg. The cost is much higher because of its scarcity and with time and proper planning this will come down to a great extent. Though this breed has become rare because the consumption of its meat is higher compared to its production, with proper encouragement and training from the government the situation is going to improve in the coming days. If you have not tasted this variety till now, keep enquiring about its availability and whenever you get the chance try it.
Very interesting information. I was not aware of such a thing especially a food item of such a delicacy in our country. I thank the author for this excellent piece of information. Though the price is on the high side, due to the limited feedstock and good taste, it is bound to happen like that only. I think for the nonvegetarian people it is a good change and once in a while, they can go for this tastier option available in that area.
These things have a good export potential also and I hope some entrepreneurs will focus on that area also. Today there is a globalization of our food items and anything which is a delicacy at one place is quickly getting acceptance elsewhere. There is immense export potential from that point of view.