The Great India Elections - the reality

This article is about the Indian election system, its vastness as well as it's loopholes. The real meaning of democracy has been manipulated by the political influences presently in most of the democracies of the world including India. And is the One country and one vote idea possible in a diverse country like India? Yes or no, if no then why and if yes then how. This question need attention because each and every person living in the society is an undetachable part of the same.

The 17th Lok Sabha elections conducted in India was the lengthiest election of all times in the world. Previously, the 14th L.S elections were 21 days long, 15th were of 28days, 16th 36 days and 17th ended in 39 days. By this data one can observe the gradual increase in the length of elections. Our body needs proper diet to stay healthy. Similarly, Democracy is sustained by the means of elections. India is the worlds largest democracy holding 90 cr. Voters on record, including 1.5 cr. Youth voters ageing between 18-19 years. The number of voters in India are more the population on any continent of the world except Asia.

Election Commission

The election commission is an autonomous, independent, and permanent body established by constitution of India. Article 324 provides the power of supervision, direction and control of election of the parliament, the state legislatures, the office of president and vice-president to the election commission. The vision and aim of election commission is to conduct free and fair election in every corner of the country and maximize people participation to uphold the spirit of democracy. The election commission had been instrumental in tackling and taming the criminalization of elections. Eminent chief of election commissioners like T.N Seshan had contributed their rigid and strategic planning in shaping free and fair election in India. The election commission had worked impartially since 1952 and is instrumental in filling up the loopholes in the Indian elections.

The reality of Indian Elections

Most of the elections in India take place with the gap of five years and are often called as 'the election festival' but these festivals are neither like that of Holi, Ramzan nor like the festivals that are celebrated in Europe and Latin America were citizens come on roads to sing, dance and enjoy. The Indian elections are proved to be more pessimistic than their positive aspect. According to the EC report 2019 for unaccountable cash worth liquor, drug and other illegal objects had crossed the mark of Rs. 3166 cr. (And still counting) Which is twice when compared to the 2014 record of Rs. 1200 cr. The model code of conduct was launched on the very day of release of the schedule of 17th L.S. elections by E.C. The police authorities and special task forces were deployed across the country to catch the illegal activities performed during the elections. According to the record released by E.C.: -
Unaccountable Cash – Rs. 750 cr.
Liquor worth – Rs. 240 cr.
Drugs worth – Rs. 1,183 cr.
Others worth – Rs. 944 cr. eere caught.

Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh topped the illegal activities list across the country. 445 cases of violation of the model code of conduct were recorded in the country. By going through all these data one can easily quantify that what is behind the "democratic curtain".

The Biggest Question: Length of Elections

Spending on elections are necessary because of the democratic nature of any country. But being a student of Economics, I would like to mention that the economy demands minimum amount of administrative spending. Moving forward on to the data of cash spend on elections: -
15th L.S. elections – Rs. 1483 cr.
16th L.S. elections – Rs. 3426 cr.
17th L.S. elections – Rs. 6500+ (estimations).

Looking at the 2019 budget, the allocation of govt. revenue on election were 286.68 cr. Which now seems misleading. The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) forced during election literally freezes the routine working of a Scio-eco-political structure of country which can result in stagnation. The 17th L.S. election finally ended in the 7th phase, the long and hectic schedule of the elections raises the idea of 'one country one election' in the proactive citizens.

Answer to the Big Question

Due to the gradual increase in the length of elections the idea of one country one election is coming into light as is practiced in countries like England, Canada, and South Africa. Considering the increasing spending as well as the length of elections in India the election and the law commission had been instrumental in suggesting measures to curb these problems. According to former Chief of Election commission S.Y Qureshi the major reason for crimes during elections are, 'the unfortunate reality of the Indian politics. On the question that 'Is the one country one election dream possible in India? He says, Yes, but on one condition i.e. favorable amount of central security forces for the safe and sound proceedings of the elections. Until then India has no choice other than lengthy elections.


Politics, sociality and economics are some inevitable factor of the modern state and in Democracy political parties plays a crucial role in forming government as well as development of the nation. But at the same time, there exist some factors that can completely destroy the unity and well being of the nations such as communal politics, illegal activities, misleading promises, corruption etc. if these factors are not controlled soon, they would plunge the country into riots, crimes. The election commission and the law commission should soon act upon these factors.

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