Ten most Common Dental Problems and Prevention Methods

Dental problems are quite disturbing, but a majority of them can be prevented or easily resolved using proper dental care and treatment. Learn about some of the most common dental problems and prevention methods.

Dental problems can be varied, from mild to severe, and often occur due to poor oral hygiene and bad eating habits. In addition to brushing and flossing, dentists recommend a healthy diet, which can help maintain healthy gums and strong teeth without signs of dental caries and cavities.

Dental Problems and Prevention Methods

Proper oral hygiene can help you protect not just your teeth but your smile, confidence, swallowing problems, oral discomfort, speech discomfort and more. Besides regularly brushing and flossing your teeth, a regular visit to your dentist can also help you protect your teeth. Let's walk you through some of the most common problems that one can face and the available dental treatments.

Bad Breath

Medically known as halitosis, bad breath is the most prevalent dental problem. There can be several reasons for someone to have bad breath. The most common of these are dry mouth, cavities, poor dental hygiene, gum disease, bacteria, acidity and oral cancer, to name a few.
Improving oral hygiene, brushing, flossing and using mouth wash and increasing the intake of water usually improves the condition. However, an underlying condition can only be treated by a professional.

Tooth Decay or cavities

Cavities or tooth decay is another common dental problem. Cavities form due to a build-up of plaque, that attacks the tooth enamel, causing it to erode. The starch and sugar in the foods we eat create acids and bacteria that destroy the enamel, causing tooth decay. Drinking water, especially after eating sugary foods, can prevent plaque from forming. Cavities can also occur due to dry mouth and certain medications. Visit a dentist to treat cavities to prevent irreversible damage to the tooth. Brush and floss every day to prevent cavities and go for annual dental check-ups.

Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Gum disease or periodontal disease happens when the gums become inflamed and infected. Healthy gums are a sign of healthy teeth, and having a periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. It is essential to keep gums healthy because research shows that periodontal disease can cause cardiovascular disease. Swollen gums with a tingling pain are a sign of gum disease. The other symptoms include bleeding gums, bad breath and discomfort while chewing. Dental hygiene, particularly flossing, keeps the gums healthy. Visit a dentist to stall complications, if any of the symptoms mentioned here persist.

Tooth Sensitivity

Sensitivity to cold is a feeling of sharp pain experienced while consuming something cold, such as cold water or ice cream. The shooting pain is unbearable. Tooth sensitivity can occur on eating sweets and hot drinks as well. People may experience pain while chewing hard foods, such as nuts or bones and even while brushing. The pain lasts for some time and then subsides on its own. The reason for tooth sensitivity could be tooth abscess or a fissure on the tooth. Specially formulated toothpaste meant for sensitive teeth can ease the pain and make the teeth less painful, but they do not always work. See a dentist to determine the cause behind the sensitivity. A root canal treatment may be carried out if the problem is severe.
Dental problems

Oral Cancer

Smokers and tobacco chewers and excessive users of alcohol are most at risk of contracting oral cancer. People infected with the sexually transmitted Human Papillomavirus (HPV) are also prone to oral cancer. Cancer cells can grow anywhere in the mouth or throat region, and the symptoms include knobs, inflammations and sores and bumpy patches within the mouth. Difficulty in swallowing or chewing or any discomfort while moving the jaw or tongue can be an indication of oral cancer.

Toothaches and Dental Emergencies

Toothaches are a sign that something is wrong, either with the gums or the tooth, such an abscess or cavity. The worst thing about a toothache is that it does not subside with an OTC analgesic. Dental emergencies happen suddenly and are often unavoidable. An accident can cause a tooth or teeth to crack, chip or fall out. Such incidents require cosmetic dental treatment.

Mouth Sores

Mouth sores or canker sores are ulcers. They can be annoying, but aren't dangerous or contagious and usually go away on their own. However, a sore that does not heal within a fortnight needs the attention of a specialist. Cold sores occur on the corner of the mouth; these are contagious and caused by Herpes simplex virus. Herpes blisters typically break into weeping sores, before crusting and healing within a few days, but they are cyclic and come back. Topical creams and oral tablets give relief from the soreness and the discomfort.

Crooked tooth

Crooked teeth aren't a problem as such, but they can make people self-conscious and lower their confidence. A dentist can correct crooked teeth. There are cosmetic dental procedures such as dental veneers, teeth shaping techniques and dental implants and other cosmetic treatments that can set crooked teeth right.

Unattractive smile

Stained teeth, chipped or unevenly sized teeth and protruding teeth can cause the smile to be unattractive. Cosmetic dental procedures can rectify these problems and make the smile attractive. Teeth whitening, dental veneer, braces and dental implants are some of the treatments available today.

Tooth Erosion

Tooth erosion happens due to the 'wear and tear' of the teeth. The enamel begins to thin, causing a change in the tooth structure. The thinning of the enamel creates tooth sensitivity and fissures in the teeth.

Proper dental hygiene is the key to healthy teeth and gums. Here are a few things that should be practised –

1. Use fluoride-rich toothpaste and brush teeth twice daily
2. Floss between teeth to avoid cavities, bad breath, erosion of tooth and maintaining healthy gums
3. Rinse mouth after sugary and acidic foods
4. Avoid carbonated drinks
5. Go for regular dental check-ups

If you are looking for dental clinic in Kochi, Kerala, then Dentique Dental Studio would be the best solutions.


Author: Varghese31 Jul 2019 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 4

A spiffing article on oral health(Dental Problems and Prevention Methods). Most of the problems are the common causes that we find in children and adults. The causes and reasons are very well elucidated in the article. The prevention method for all the causes are easily understandable and can be put into practice. Most of the causes are due to improper care given for oral hygiene.

I have read in articles that we need to avoid fluoride-rich toothpaste as it softens the teeth but I am not that sure whether it is a noted one. Some more clarifications which I would like the author to put light on are:

1. Floss between teeth to avoid cavities -but there are chances of making a gap between teeth that may cause food particles to get stuck in between and result in tooth decay.
2. Up to what age can teeth correction, dental veneer, braces and dental implants be done?
3. If you have done the root canal, can we go for teeth cleaning or tooth whitening process?

Author: Umesh03 Aug 2019 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 7

An elaborate article on dental health and associated ailments. Our teeth are like the mini grinding machine in our mouth. They are very essential for grinding the food in smaller parts and in the meanwhile, it is mixed with the saliva and is made suitable for swallowing and subsequently digestion. It is evident that our teeth have to work continuously during eating times and they are subject to wear and tear as well as the danger of food items sticking to them or in their joints and gum crevices. This makes it essential that we take complete care of these tools so that they work without any problem for a longer duration.

One of the fundamental but important things is how we brush our teeth. The correct method is that the brush should be moved from the bottom of the gums to the tip of the teeth. This is very important as brushing horizontally will clean the teeth but spoil the gums by peeling them out of their fixed place. It also helps in cleaning the food particles which are remaining in the joint places. Sometimes these might lead to bleeding also but we should not be discouraged by it as the gum bleeding is immediately stopped and after 2-3 days they will not bleed even when we continue with this way of brushing. Another important point which most of us ignore is that we have to always clean the mouth cavity with water after eating or drinking liquids like tea, shakes, coffee etc. This is a very good habit and is very useful in making the teeth healthier. Please remember that keeping good dental hygiene is a way of life and not a compulsion.

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