Bhopal Gas Tragedy: World's Worst & Horrible Industrial Tragedy

There is a date recorded in the pages of history, which has put away a lot of wounds inside it. On this day, there was a disaster in 'Bhopal' Madhya Pradesh, which made a large number of individuals in the city rest on death. Check out this article to know the occasion of this complete occurrence.

A terrible industrial accident occurred on 2-3 December 1984 night in the Bhopal capital city of Madhya Pradesh state, India. A poisonous gas leak occurred from the factory of Union Carbide, located in Bhopal, which killed more than 15,000 people over the years and many people also suffered from various types of physical disability. Tank no. E-610 contained methyl isocyanate (MIC) was leaked in the Bhopal gas scandal, which was used to make pesticides.

Cause of Tragedy

By November 1984, many of the factory's safety equipment was neither in good condition nor other safety standards were followed. According to the local's and reports of journalists, all the manuals kept for safety in the factory were in English, while most of the employees working in the factory had no knowledge of English. Also, the air vent cleaning pipe had stopped working.

The problem was that the tank number E-610 had more MIC gas from the prescribed limit, and the gas temperature was also 20 degrees instead of the prescribed 4.5 degrees. A freezing plant designed to keep MIC at a cooling level was also closed to reduce power bills. Due to leakage of water in the tank E-610, extreme heat and pressure were created, and the internal temperature of the tank reached beyond 200 degrees, after which the poisonous gas leaked into the atmosphere. About 30 metric tons of gas leaked within 45-60 minutes. And soon this poisonous gas spread to the environment of Bhopal city and made night last for thousands of locals.

Poisonous Cloud Due to Leakage of Gas

The flow of these toxic gases was in the southeast direction in Bhopal city. The possibility of the effect of the poisonous gaseous cloud in the environment of Bhopal remains a matter of discussion even today. Probably after Mick, residues of phosgene, hydrogen cyanide, carbon mono-oxide, hydrogen chloride, etc were found in the gas cloud.

"We were not able to see anything because of the haze and we couldn't even figure out which way to run." - Ahmed Khan, a local.


According to government figures, 2,259 people died in the accident. The Madhya Pradesh government had reported 3,787 deaths due to gas leakage. In 2006, the government reported to the court. It mentioned that a total of 5,58,125 people were injured due to the gas leak. Of them, 38,478 were partially disabled and 3,900 were cases in which people were permanently disabled. The problem was not limited to the time of the accident but is still having an impact. There are serious health problems among children stillborn.

Action Against Factory

The main accused of this incident was the factory's President & CEO, Warren Anderson. On December 7, 1984, 4 days after the accident, Warren Anderson was arrested, but after 6 hours he was freed on a nominal fine of $2100. He died on September 29, 2014.


Immediately after the leak, there was immense pressure on medical institutions. Within a few weeks, the state government opened several clinics and hospitals for the gas victims, as well as many new private institutions. More than 70 percent of the doctors in the most affected areas were less educated, they were not fully prepared for the treatment of this chemical disaster. Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Center, started in 1988, provided free treatment to the lives of the victims for 8 years, which is still available to them today.

Environmental Rehabilitation

Investigations conducted in 1989 got the information that the water and soil near the factory are harmful to fishes to flourish.

Economic Rehabilitation

The state government immediately started relief work for the locals. In July 1985, the Finance Department of Madhya Pradesh decided to invest about one crore and forty lakh dollars for relief work. As of the end of October 2003, according to the Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department, 554,895 injured people and heirs of 15,310 dead people have been given some portion of compensation.

Last Sayings

After this tragedy, the Indian government stopped the entry of people into this factory. Therefore, even today no clear reason and facts of this accident have been revealed to the people.

United Nation reported,
The "1984 Bhopal Gas Tragedy" which killed thousands of people is among the world's "Major Industrial Accidents" of the 20th century.

Even though it has been years since the Bhopal gas tragedy. The Bhopal gas tragedy that occurred in December 1984 is a darker section in India's history that can hardly be forgotten.


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