# Tips for teaching mathematics to pre-primary kids and primary students

In this article, I am discussing some important tips to teach mathematics to your pre-primary child. A parent should identify the strengths and weaknesses of the child of mathematics subject. Mathematics is one of the important subjects and many students can build a bright future if they master the techniques of solving problems.

Mathematics is one of the scary subjects because the students cannot memorize the subject. Parents should teach the best techniques of numeration to their children to build numerical skills. The parents should inculcate the numeracy skills demonstrating the finest examples. They should communicate to their child in simple mathematical terms. For eg. I got 2 chocolates for you or I have kept 5 carrots in the refrigerator. The children usually learn numbers from age 3 in their pre-primary schools. They learn to write numbers such as 1, 2, 3, ....., but the parents should teach them to implement numeracy skills in their daily life. The parents should teach their children to count different objects at home when they are studying numbers. They can use some interactive and interesting techniques to teach children the concept of mathematics.

## Teaching children the basic concepts of mathematics to build numerical skills

### Mathematics for nursery kids

To teach their children the techniques of counting, parents can download colorful sheets containing lovely objects and teach them to count numbers. The child learns the techniques of sequencing and order also. A child is usually taught to write numbers from 1 to 20 at the nursery level. The parents can prepare a chart containing numbers from 1 to 20. They should write numbers clearly in a medium-size font using tools such as sketches or colored pencils. The children can learn numbers with interest and enthusiasm.

### Teahcing Maths to lower and upper kindergarten children

Then later the children learn to write numbers from 50 in the next class. In a kindergarten class, they usually learn to write numbers from 1 to 100. The parents can identify the skills of their children when they are teaching alphabets and numbers. Some children can easily memorize numbers from 1 to 100, whereas some children struggle to learn. So, the parents should patiently understand the potential and capacities of their children and accept their challenges. Some parents feel irritated when their child is not able to memorize numbers. The parents should always understand the learning pattern of the students. Some children can learn easily if the parents prepare charts of numbers and place it on the wall. The child should be able to understand the pattern of each number.

Dyslexic children cannot effectively visualize the numbers and hence they write in inverted form. If your child is dyslexic, they should encounter special tutors or counselors. Children should also learn to count numbers and hence the parents can download some lovely worksheets containing colored pictures. The children are urged to count numbers when they view the colored worksheets.

### Teaching Maths to UKG children in the third term

Parents should teach their children about the formation of numbers. For eg. the number 20 = 10 + 10. They should draw ten cubes forming a block and another block containing ten cubes. The child can then understand that ten cubes and another block of ten cubes is twenty.

Parents should also help with the art of skip counting. They should understand the pattern of numbers. That is, the odd numbers mean 1, 3, 5, 7, etc and even numbers mean 2, 4, 6, 8, etc. They can also learn to do skip counting by 5 which means 5, 10, 15, 20, etc.

Next, teach children the basics of addition and subtraction. The beginners should learn the basics of addition in this way-

3 - 000
+2 - 00
__________
5

Initially, the children should be taught to count 3 and 2, and move on from there.

The basics of subtraction should be taught in the following manner:
3-///
-2
_____
1

So, the children should be taught to deduct 2 from 3 to derive 1 number.

As you can see, children can develop an interest in mathematics if they are taught in a holistic way. Their parents should not become aggressive when teaching mathematics, because they can then become disinterested.

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