How to apply for PhD programme

Do you want to pursue a PhD programme? Are you searching for PhD programme? Check this article to get the details of the eligibility criteria, selection procedures, exam pattern, application process, job prospects etc.

About PhD program

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) is a doctoral programme which is offered by many universities in India. Generally, this course is conducted for three years but the candidate can complete the course within five to six years. This is a regular mode programme. This course is not allowed in distance mode. It is a research-based programme that prepares the student to become a competent researcher to research in any discipline. It is a programme that includes substantial research work, a presentation of the thesis and submits progress report. One can pursue a PhD course in that discipline only from which he has completed his post-graduation. PhD aspirants need to select a subject-related topic and do in-depth research on it and answer any queries related to the topic.

Eligibility Criteria

The candidate should have completed a master's degree from a recognized university in India or abroad with a minimum of 55% marks. For the reserved category, the minimum marks should be 50%. Some university specifies that candidates should have completed an MPhil to pursue a PhD programme. For admission into some reputed universities, a candidate should be qualified the National Eligibility Test for Lectureship (NET) conducted by NTA. As per the UGC regulations, it has been mandatory to clear the Entrance Exam like UGC NET, Joint CSIR UGC NET, JEST, etc to be eligible for admission to PhD Program offered by various universities across the country. Apart from this, Candidates who want to pursue a PhD in Engineering need to possess a valid GATE.

How to apply

You can submit your application for a PhD program through the online mode. Candidate can apply for the PhD course by registering their details in the application form which is available on the official website. For successful submission of the application form, all the mandatory fields in the form should be filled, the necessary documents should be uploaded and the application processing fee should be paid.

Examination pattern

The entrance test will be of objective type questions based on your subject. It consists of two parts- part A &part B. Part A is related to Research Aptitude (Research aptitude consists of sections of logical reasoning, numerical ability and language proficiency) and Part B is related to the Subject.

Required Skills for PhD

The PhD aspirant needs to have a lot of interest and knowledge for the topic. They should study a topic in-depth and so candidates need to possess the required skill-set and dedication along with being extremely hard working while pursuing a PhD. Apart from these skills, candidates should be the best performer in the research field and collaborating on the findings of research conducted by them.

List of subject

The PhD programme is offered in various disciplines throughout various colleges and universities in India. The list of the subject which are offered for PhD programme has been given below.
  • Biotechnology
  • Electronics
  • Entrepreneur
  • English Literature
  • Economics
  • Fine Arts
  • Fashion Technology
  • Geoinformatics
  • Business Administration
  • Computer Science
  • Cosmetology
  • Commerce
  • Chemistry
  • Disaster Management
  • Education
  • Engineering
  • Environment Science
  • Ecotourism
  • Geology
  • Geriatric Care
  • Geography
  • Hindi
  • Home Science
  • History
  • Agriculture
  • Botany
  • Biochemistry
  • Bioinformatics
  • Horticulture
  • Peace Studies
  • Pollution Control
  • Rural Development
  • Sanskrit
  • Sports Science
  • Social Work
  • Sociology
  • Spirituality
  • Statistics
  • Sustainable Development
  • Technology Policy
  • Total Quality Management
  • Urdu
  • Women Studies
  • Yoga
  • Zoology
  • Pomology
  • Political Science
  • Population Studies
  • Police Administration
  • Physics
  • Physical Education
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Renewable Energy

Selection procedure

PhD admission is available for full time and part-time programmes in various disciplines such as arts, commerce science, engineering, humanities, management, law, medicine, IT, finance etc. The selection of the candidates for PhD programmes is done based on interview. At first, Screening of applications will be done and then shortlisted candidates will be called for a personal interview. In many universities, the candidate is shortlisted based on the written exam as well as an interview.

Job Prospects after PhD

Nowadays, there is vast scope for the candidates who have completed their PhD. The demand for a PhD degree has increased manifold because of improved career prospects. After completing a PhD degree, one can go for the following career options such as Researcher, Scientist, Lecturer & Professor, Author & Writer, Journalist, Editor & Critic, Human Services Worker, Senior Research Scientist etc.


Author: Swati Sharma04 Apr 2021 Member Level: Gold   Points : 3

A very informative article by the author. The introduction of start-ups has changed the entire PhD environment. Until some time ago, the field of PhD was limited to the academic field only. But today, PhD graduates have got many new options due to the mix of academic fields and start-ups. They are no longer limited to working only in the academic sector. If you are going from the academic field to start-ups or industrial R&D firms, then be fully prepared concerning the changes related to freedom and salary issues.

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