Learning represents an enormous investment in the development of human capital, directed at ensuring that the teaching and learning in our schools are up to date and equally effective for our future citizens. In this article, I have discussed the shortcomings of the traditional teaching system and a new effective technique for the student in school that will get real-time feedback from the students.
Overview of Traditional Teaching method
Teachers faced several problems while teaching in the classroom. In most of our traditional teaching methods, they teach, and the students listen. From time to time in the class, the teacher asks one or two short questions, and the students either raise their hands and the teachers ask one or two students to answer that question. Under this traditional way, it is very difficult to find out how much of the leason is actually understood by the students.
There are several reasons for this:
The answer to that question can often be influenced by the answer of another student. Suppose, after making a statement, the teacher asked the students, is this statement correct or incorrect? He instructed the students to raise their hands if it is right. In this case, if some of the 'best students in the class or a large part of the class raise their hands, then probably many students may be affected by them. Hence, it is difficult to gather information about exactly how many students in the class have understood the statement on their own.
If the teacher discusses the question instead of asking questions that can be answered with a show of hands, it is often seen that some of the students in the class will not take part in the discussion due to psychological reasons. Many people understand the reading of the class but suffer from a lack of self-confidence. In this case, if someone has any other learning disability, it has an effect on this system.
There is a need for a solution to this problem, which will give the teachers Real-Time Feedback. That means during the class he will understand how many students have understood his statement. All the other obstacles that may arise in gathering this information, such as the psychological problems of the students or the problems of being influenced by others, have to be overcome.
New teaching Technique
Many schools-colleges-universities in the Western countries use a method called the 'clicker method'. 'Clicker' is a device through which students can vote on any one of the multiple-choice questions. Many of us have seen the use of such methods in the popular TV show 'Kaun Banega Crorepati'. The teacher will know how many votes were cast in any answer by using the receiver installed on his computer. Notice that no one else knows who voted for which answer in this method. So, there is no problem with influences by another. Again, shy students in the class are also encouraged to take part in this method, because, even if they give wrong answers, no one will know. Get rid of laughter-jokes or gossip in front of everyone!
Instead of copying the method used in developed countries, there is a little change in the method. Instead of a device called 'Clicker', each student shall ask to use a few colorful small square cards. If the first answer to the multiple-choice question asked is correct, one color card, if the second answer is correct, it was instructed to take another color card, etc. Again, they were told to raise the cards to the level of their foreheads so that no one but the teacher could only see their presented answers. It turned out that the students were not influenced by each other's answers, so they were listening attentively to the fun of joining the class.
Stepwise system of teaching method-
Step 1: First creating subject-based ideas among the students through lecture and demonstration, through which the students are encouraged to take lessons. However, some students are not able to concentrate properly on either method. To encourage all these students to learn, they are asked to create 4 cards for instant assessment on the day of teaching or the next class. The colors of the cards are red, green, blue, and white respectively. The shape of the cards is slightly smaller than the palm of the hand.
Step 2: Students are asked to keep 4 cards for assessment after teaching. Simple questions (MCQ) are first asked to encourage students who are lagging behind. Each card (according to the alphabet) is written on the possible answer board one by one. Finally, the students are asked to show the alphabet of the card with the possible answer. The teacher will count the number of cards of different colors and write them on the board.
Step 3: The teacher will tell the correct answer to the students and explain the reason so that all students can understand it clearly.
Advantages of the new technique
This approach agrees with student-centered psychology
It provides self-confidence, the ability to think independently, and the development of skills of the student.
Each student participates in the discussion. As a result, both front and rear students are encouraged to learn
In this method, along with the immediate assessment of the students, the teacher, and his / her teaching will be able to check if it is correct or not.
More students will participate in the question and answer session even without knowing it.
In the case of teaching a large number of students, if there is a problem for the teacher to count, evaluate and analyze so many cards in a short time. In such a situation, to solve the problem, the student can be engaged to count the cards one by one for each color card. Therefore, this method may be used in the classroom teaching system effectively as it has great advantages for the student at their learning stages.
And lastly, I think that the effectiveness of such is not measured by how teachers feel about it, but by the impact that it has on their practice and more importantly the achievement of their students.
Article by Dhruba Simplicity is the keynotes of originality.
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