Introduction The crime rate in the present-day world is increasing day by day. Physical attacks, murders, robberies, communal violence are becoming so common in our daily life. As technology increases, the same technology is used by criminals for Cybercrimes and for doing innovative crimes. Thus criminal investigation is becoming a challenge for police and law protectors. Forensic Science plays a key role in identifying criminals. So the demand for Forensic Science professionals has increased in recent times. Many universities in India are offering Forensic Science courses at the Bachelor level and also some special courses to train in a variety of skills for criminal investigations.
Career opportunities with Forensic Science Courses Students who complete B.Sc. Forensic Science successfully will definitely get a good job as there is a lot of shortage of Forensic Science experts. Candidates who have completed B.Sc. Forensic Science are eligible for scholarships in both the public and private sectors.
Forensic Science Bachelor Degree certificate holders will get jobs in the Public sector like Central Forensic Science laboratories, Fingerprint Bureaus, Crime investigating departments, Regional Forensic Science labs, Cyber Crime Investigating departments, Police Department, CBI, and IB.
In the private sector, these degree holders can mainly get opportunities in pharmaceutical companies, and private detective agencies. Candidates with PG in Forensic science can get the opportunity of teaching Forensic Science subjects to students.
Various Posts that are in demand in Forensic Science field
Crime Scene Investigator Crime Scene Investigators are required to perform duties at the field level. They involve collecting pieces of evidence at the scene, assessing the nature of the crime, and scientifically analyzing the evidence in laboratories.
Forensic Toxicologists They are important especially when murders take place in the absence of any physical assault. If the victims are killed by poisoning or drugs, Toxicologists analyze the nature of death.
Forensic Psychiatrists They analyze the mental state of the criminals. They gather information related to the mental attitude of criminals. They help in various specific steps to be taken in the investigation process.
Forensic Speech Experts These experts examine the documents, CCTV footage, and audiotapes scene at the site of the crime. They will help in identifying the criminals based on this evidence.
Forensic auditing Forensic auditing became so essential because of a steep rise in financial crimes. Forensic auditing helps to avoid financial fraud committed by companies. Individuals and companies doing the irregularities are knapped by Forensic auditing.
Characteristics needed in students to take up these courses Students need features of close observation and surveillance eye. To explore the evidence for crime, every object has to be scrutinized with a close eye. In some cases, even the most subtle objects help to crack the crime, and hence a surveillant eye is required. When Cyberattacks occur, simply with a change in one or two letters / one or two numbers. So, in order to deal with all such things candidates must have the philosophy of seeing with a keen eye to crack such crimes.
Wages for Forensic Experts Huge salaries are offered for the experts who are involved in the diagnosis and identification of culprits. Candidates who entered this field with Bachelor's qualifications can receive up to Rs.50,000 per month. Experts working in Forensic laboratories with PG and Ph.D. qualifications will earn more than one lakh rupees.
AIFSET Entrance Exam for admission to Forensic Courses The All India Forensic Science Entrance Test is conducted at the national level for the candidates to take up these courses at national level universities. Based on the entrance score, Vivekananda Global University, Invertis University, Alak Prakash Goyal University, Shimla University are offering admissions in B.Sc. Forensic Science courses.
Mode of AIFSET Entrance Exam The test will be of objective mode and a total of 100 objective questions will be asked in this exam. It includes questions from Mathematics, Physics, Biology, Chemistry, and questions from Forensic Science on definition, background, crime, police system, crime scene, general awareness, and general knowledge.
The questions will be asked from the syllabus of Intermediate MPC and BPC groups. So students have to master their group subjects to crack this entrance exam. Students have to concentrate on the following topics of groups to excel in this entrance exam-
Botany: Living and non-living, Focus on Genetic basis of inheritance, Human disorders, Origin and evolution of life, Plant physiology, Animal Physiology, Cell structure and functions, Ecology and Ecosystems, Reproduction in plants.
Physics: Questions from this subject are asked from Units and measurements, Heat transfer, Mechanics, Light and Sound, Electricity and Magnetism, Modern Physics.
Chemistry: Questions from this subject are asked from Atomic structure, Chemical bonding, States of Matter, Mixtures, Solutions and solubility, Periodic Table, Water, and Organic compound Environment.
Higher educational opportunities Higher educational opportunities are also available for candidates who have completed B.Sc. Forensic Science. M.Sc. Forensic Science and Ph.D. in Forensic Science are available in many Central and Deemed Universities. Many Central universities and Deemed universities are offering specialization in Forensic Science subjects like Criminology, Forensic Psychology, Forensic Anthropology, Analytical Chemistry, Forensic Toxicology, etc. are taught as a part of this course. This course will help the candidates to acquire more skills in criminal investigation and intelligence.
Eligibility to appear for AIFSETCandidates have to pass Intermediate/equivalent exam with 45% marks in MPC /BPC groups. Students appearing for second-year exams in 2022 can also apply.
How to apply Students can apply online from the official website: AIFSET Entrance online application
Last date for Application: 29th January 2022
All India Forensic Science Entrance Test (AIFSET) Exam date: January 30th, 2022
Result date: 1st February 2022.
Students who have studied MPC and BPC groups in Intermediate can have a greater chance of taking an interesting job-oriented course like Forensic Science course rather than Engineering or Doctor course. This course also provides greater job opportunities because there is a lot of demand for forensic experts.
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On the one side Govt improves its crime detection techniques and mechanism for nabbing the culprits but the criminals are also getting more and more expert in carrying out the crimes in new and innovative ways. In this scenario the Forensic Science is getting more attention and is becoming a good career option. The students would learn the intricacies of the crime detection using the scientific methods and will help them to learn the subtleties of this field. Forensic Science is emerging as a niche area and newer and newer methods and techniques of crime detection are being devised. This is an area where latest technology is being used for finding the hidden evidences and witnesses in a particular crime case and benefits are being seen.