Right to freedom - a universal fundamental right in the Indian Constitution
The basis of freedom is to give people authority over their own lives and choices, to give them the right to live independently. The right to freedom is one of the six fundamental rights of our constitution. It is the freedom that our state gives to every citizen irrespective of caste, creed, race, or sex. But even today, discrimination, untouchability, Ignorance, and bigotry among the citizens are becoming one of the major challenges in the effective implementation.
Interpretation on right to freedomThe right to freedom is mentioned in our constitution from articles 19 to 22 covering the basic right to freedom of every individual of our country. While our constitution-makers were framing our constitution, the right to freedom came about naturally to the table. The ideology that a person is not living their life well if they don't enjoy freedom remains at the surface leading to everyone agreeing on this right to be one of the fundamental rights that would later continue to build our own democratic society. Every right to freedom as written in our constitution defines how our society is built today. Every article in the constitution has clearly mentioned various arenas where our right to freedom can be put into use. Ranging from Language, assembly, business, protection to criminal penalties, life and individual freedom, basic education, freedom of expression, and so on.
Significance of uses While it has been elaborated well in the constitution with various ways it can be put to use and where it is restricted to use, many have interpreted it in their own way. In many cases, the interpretation is influenced by their upbringing, values, and norms they are surrounded with. For example, in families where privacy is respected, and they are taught to respect others' privacy and value their decisions, the children grow up to understand the right to freedom well. They understand how it is a right for all and not only for them, therefore the use of this right is to be in such a way where they don't harm or disrespect others. While in an uneducated surrounding where children are treated supreme and are not taught to respect other people, tend to ignore what the real use of the right to freedom is. This section of the constitution is a mirror of the history, language, literature, culture, civilization, manners, etc. of a nation. Therefore, it is the responsibility of every citizen to use it properly and respect it.
Restrictions and limitations Even after the natural requirement of this right, it has had its own limitations mainly due to the dire wrong interpretation in society. While many misunderstand the right to freedom as their supreme ability to do anything in society even if it affects other people in a negative way others consider it as free will to do anything inappropriate. Moreover many often put forth this right as an argument after they have done a blunder in society. The right to freedom has its restrictions, similar to any other right, harming others in the way of obtaining your right isn't acceptable and will never be.
Conclusion This right is for all, uneducated, educated, poor, or rich however it should never be interpreted as a form of selfish means to do what one desires. This right is about living in a peaceful world with appropriate restrictions, but living free how one must be. This ideology has been followed in India since time immemorial through the policy of 'Basudhaiva Kutumbakam'. The Freedom Principles of the Constitution make it feel fraternity and equal respect for all is respected all over the world.
Fundamental rights gave all the citizens of India some rights. It is not to you and me only but to all. This fact should be realized and one should conduct themselves within the framework. There should not be any trespassing into the freedom of others. These days we see many people who belong to a faith criticizing and demeaning the other faiths. This is never correct and it is not your right to freedom. We are seeing unruliness in the name of the right to freedom. At the same time, some people always behave as if they are the supreme and they can do anything they want. This attitude is not correct.
When we teach about fundamental rights to our children and students we should also teach them the boundaries which can't be crossed in the name of the right to freedom. Some anti-social elements are trying to encourage innocent people to go for unwanted activities and then make them scapegoats.