National Science Day: An important day for awareness of science in India

National Science day is an important day in India to celebrate science for its service to the public. It is a day to celebrate the achievements of scientists and to encourage young students to pursue a career in science. The theme for National Science Day changes every year and focuses on highlighting a different aspect of science. This article is an attempt to know more about the day and understand its importance.

National Science Day is an annual event celebrated in our country on 28th February to commemorate the discovery of the Raman effect by scientist Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. CV Raman was an Indian physicist and Nobel laureate known for his work in the field of light scattering, now known as the Raman Effect. This day is recognized by Indian government as an occasion to spread awareness about the importance of science and its application in day-to-day life.

Facts on CV Raman

  1. Dr CV Raman was born into a Tamil family and showed a strong interest in science from a young age.

  2. After graduation, Raman worked as a civil servant in India before joining the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in Calcutta as a researcher.

  3. In 1928, Raman and his team discovered that when light passes through a transparent material, some of the light scatters in different directions with a change in wavelength. This phenomenon is known as the Raman effect.

  4. In 1930, Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Raman effect. He was the first Indian to receive a Nobel Prize in any field.

  5. He founded the Indian Academy of Sciences in Bangalore in 1934 and served as its president from 1935 to 1945.

Raman Effect

The Raman effect is the scattering of light when it passes through a transparent material. This scattering results in some of the light being scattered in different directions with a change in wavelength, producing a new set of scattered photons with a different frequency. The Raman effect is a useful tool for understanding the vibrational modes of molecules and is widely used in various fields of science including chemistry and biology. The discovery of the Raman Effect earned C.V. Raman the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

How National Science Day is celebrated

The first National Science Day was celebrated in 1986, and since then, it has become an annual event. The day is celebrated with various activities and events in schools, colleges, and universities across the country. It includes science exhibitions, quiz competitions, workshops, and public lectures by renowned scientists. These activities aim to increase public engagement with science, and to encourage a deeper understanding of scientific concepts and their practical applications.

Theme for National Science Day 2023

The theme for National Science Day this year is "Global Science for Global Well being." The theme emphasizes the importance of scientific knowledge in the society and how it can change the world for better. It also highlights the need for science to be integrated into everyday life worldwide, to be used as a tool for solving practical problems, and to improve the quality of life for all.


In conclusion, National Science Day is a day to celebrate the achievements of science and to recognize the role of scientists in shaping our understanding of the world. The day provides an opportunity to inspire young people to pursue careers in science, to increase public awareness and understanding of science, and to promote the integration of science into everyday life. The theme for 2023, "Global Science for Global Wellbeing"' highlights the power of science to address major global challenges and improve the quality of life for people everywhere.


Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao16 Feb 2023 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3

National science day is celebrated in many academic institutions and students will be made aware of the importance of science in our lives. We all think about the development of technology and we never know that, science is the backbone of this technology. Facts that are emerging from science are applied and new technologies are emerged.

The life of CV Raman should be a lesson to all the students who want to focus on science. Even though he was working in the Indian Finance Department in 1907, during his non-working hours he used to conduct his research in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science at Calcutta. Later on he joined Calcutta university. The learning is that if we have interest, we will definitely find a way for doing the same.

Author: Umesh27 Feb 2023 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 5

Science exhibitions and Science related functions in schools, colleges, and institutions are a great way to help students to not only learn the practical side of the science but also realize that how important it is in our lives and how the visitors who are coming to see the exhibitions are impressed by the models and become more and more curious to know about the scientific gadgets or other details about them.

I personally feel that it is alright to have such a grand function or gathering on the science day showcasing the importance of science in our lives but otherwise also if these science fairs are held on a quarterly basis inviting large number of people to see and feel the importance of science in our lives then these fairs will be much more effective and generate interest in the minds of common people for science. Some colleges and institutions might be doing that but this is more needed in the small towns and interior places where people are not exposed to such exhibitions and where there are less infrastructural facilities to arrange or conduct such large scale fairs.

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