The Concept of Forgetting Curve The forgetting curve was first introduced by German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus in the late 19th century. Ebbinghaus conducted experiments on himself to study how quickly he forgot new information over time.
The forgetting curve is a concept that explains how quickly our brain forgets information over time. According to the forgetting curve, we tend to forget up to 90% of new information within the first few days of learning it, if we don't review it.
To combat the forgetting curve and retain information in our long-term memory, we can use a review method known as spaced repetition. Spaced repetition is a learning technique that involves reviewing material at increasingly spaced intervals to reinforce memory and prevent forgetting.
How spaced repetition works Learn new information: When you encounter new information, try to understand it and memorize it as best as you can.
Review the material after a short period: Within 24 hours of learning the material, review it again. This helps to reinforce the memory and prevent forgetting.
Review again after longer intervals: After the first review, review the material again after increasingly longer intervals. For example, review it after 2 days, then after a week, then after a month, and so on.
Adjust the intervals based on your retention: If you find that you are forgetting the material quickly, review it again sooner. If you are retaining the information well, you can space out the reviews further apart.
Significance of Spaced Repetition By using spaced repetition, we can increase the amount of information that we remember in the long term. This technique is particularly effective for learning new languages, studying for exams, or memorizing large amounts of information.
The forgetting curve explains how quickly we forget new information, and spaced repetition is a review method that can help to retain memory by reinforcing the information at increasingly spaced intervals. However, the forgetting curve can vary depending on a number of factors, including the difficulty of the material, how well it was learned in the first place, and the individual's own memory abilities.
There are many tools and apps available that use spaced repetition to help people learn and remember new information. Some popular examples include Anki, Memrise, and Quizlet.
While spaced repetition can be an effective technique for retaining memory, it is not a silver bullet. It is still important to engage with the material in meaningful ways, such as through active recall, elaboration, and creating connections between different concepts.
Finally, it's worth noting that spaced repetition is not the only way to combat the forgetting curve. Other strategies include repeated exposure to the material, interleaving different topics, and using mnemonic devices to aid memory.
More information about the Forgetting curve and Spaced Repetition The forgetting curve is not a linear process. Instead, it tends to be steepest in the first few days after learning and then levels off over time. This means that if we can successfully reinforce our memories in the first few days after learning, they are more likely to stick around for the long term.
One of the benefits of spaced repetition is that it can help to reduce the amount of time we need to spend reviewing material overall. By reinforcing memories at increasingly spaced intervals, we can avoid spending excessive amounts of time on material that we have already learned well.
Spaced repetition can be particularly effective for learning foreign languages, as it helps learners retain vocabulary and grammar rules in their long-term memory. Many language learning apps and programs, such as Duolingo and Rosetta Stone, incorporate spaced repetition into their teaching methods.
It's important to note that not all information needs to be retained in long-term memory. Some things, such as phone numbers, addresses, or dates, can be more efficiently stored in short-term or working memory. In these cases, it may be more effective to use other memory techniques, such as chunking or visualization.
Conclusion Finally, it's worth emphasizing that spaced repetition is not a one-size-fits-all solution. Different people may find different intervals and review schedules to be more effective for their own learning styles and memory abilities. It's important to experiment and find what works best for you.
Spaced repetitions seems to be a good technique for keeping the things in memory for a longer time. The power of retention varies from person to person. Some people believe that retention comes with large number of repetitions. In many cases it might be true but the point is that the frequency of repetition will vary from person to person as there is a genetic touch also to the memory. Some people have very good memory while there are many who have poor memory and they tend to forget things quickly.
There are many memory enhancing techniques and supplements available in the market but how much they are effective and their modus-operandi is also not known clearly. It is anybody's guess only. Those could also be a business gimmick only.
I have seen some students who cover the syllabus 2-3 times in a year and then they get good scores in the examination. At the same time there are some who do it for 6-7 times to get near to same score. So, fundamentally there are some inherent biological things in the human body which also contribute towards a better memory.
Many researchers are doing a lot of work in the area of cognitive faculties and memory enhancement in the human brains and those results will throw more light on these aspects.
It is a good article from the author. The memory power will vary from person to person. When we read a news subject we should understand it well. So we should read in such a way that we will understand the subject well. Simply reading again and again without understanding it is of no use. When we understand the subject we will remember it for some time but slowly we will forget the matter. If the subject is important and we have to remember it for a long time, we should go again to the book and read the same so that we can brush up on our knowledge and we can remember the same for a long time.
Repeating the subject after some time is very much essential. But the frequency can be different from person to person.
There are many other ways to improve our memory. Writing down what you understand is what some people do so that their memory power can enhance. Similarly seeing a video or hearing the subject many times will also help us in remembering the subject long time. Spaced repetitions are one of the best ways for remembering the subject.