Free English tutorial - Adjectives and its types

In this article, I am explaining about the grammatical aspect of adjectives. The definition and type of adjectives are mentioned in the article. How are adjectives applied in a sentence? In this article, you can learn different types of adjectives.

An adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun in a sentence. It clearly defines the quality, quantity, or condition of an object, person, animal, etc. For example, Tina is a beautiful girl. In this sentence, beautiful is an adjective as it describes Tina, who is a person. Another example of an adjective is as follows: I kept 10 apples in this basket. In this sentence, 10 is an adjective as it describes the quantity of a noun. The question you should ask to find an adjective in a sentence is 'how' or 'how many'.

Let's learn the different types of adjectives

Descriptive adjective

It describes the quality or condition of a noun. For example, the clever girl secured 100 marks in mathematics. In this sentence, 'clever' is an adjective describing a girl. What type of girl is she? She is a clever girl. Another example of a descriptive adjective is: A beautiful bird entered my house. In this sentence, beautiful is a descriptive adjective describing the bird.

Numerical adjective

It defines the number of people, places, or things in a sentence. I kept ten mangoes in the basket. In this sentence, the number ten is a numeral adjective describing the noun mangoes. The teacher told the students to bring two notebooks for revision. Here, two is a numerical adjective in the sentence defining the number of notebooks specified by the teacher.

Quantitative adjective

Although it does not exactly define something in numerical form, it gives an idea about a person, place, or thing. For example, my father gave me many chocolates on my birthday. In this sentence, many is a quantitative adjective that does not specifically mention numerical form but says 'many'. Another example of a quantitative adjective is as follows: She brought some apples from the nearest vegetable stand. In this sentence, some is a quantitative adjective explaining apples brought from the market. Although it does not mention how many apples are brought, it states that apples are brought in lesser quantities.

Participial adjective

It is known as a participial adjective as it is similar to the participle form of the verb. These words end with 'ing, 'ed, or 'en'. It is used in the sentence in the following ways: A hardworking man earned several pounds in a day. In this sentence, hardworking is a participial adjective ending with 'ing', describing the man who earned several pounds. Another example to illustrate participial adjectives is as follows: Buddha was an enlightened soul who taught great wisdom to the world. Thus, enlightened is a participle adjective in the sentence revealing the great work of Buddha.

Denominal adjective

It is a type of adjective formed from a noun often suffixed with 'ly' or 'ish'. When you add 'ly' to words such as friend, mother, father, and heaven, it becomes an adjective. A sentence that contains a denominative adjective is as follows: My teacher gave me motherly love when I was studying in nursery class. Another example is as follows: Our heavenly father is the almighty, who constantly guides us at every step of life.

Nominal adjective

It is actually a descriptive word in a sentence, but grammatically functions as a noun in a sentence. An example of a nominal adjective is as follows: During Christmas, you should give clothes to the needy. In this sentence, needy is a 'nominal adjective, as it gives an answer to the question 'What kind of people'? Also, it is a noun in a sentence as it indicates a person. I wish the best life for my child. In this sentence, 'best' is the nominal adjective, as it is both a descriptive word and a noun.

Interrogative adjective

Words that modify a noun by asking a question are known as interrogative adjectives. For example, 'Which book are you reading?' is an interrogative adjective, and it asks a question of the noun. Another example Whose tiffin box is this? Here, the word that mainly focuses upon the noun 'tiffin' is 'whose' to ask a question.

Demonstrative adjective

Words directly revealing the position of a person, place, animal, or thing are demonstrative adjectives. For example, the mangoes in that basket are raw. In this sentence, that is a demonstrative adjective indicating the position of mangoes. Another example is the following: This old man was driving a car. This is a demonstrative adjective indicating the action of an old man.


As you can see, adjectives are known for describing words that describe a noun, they describe it in different ways. They describe the quality, quantity, place, or characteristic of a noun.

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