Key differences between Management, Administration and Leadership

This article explains the three concepts of management, administration, and leadership. These terms although have similarities are also different from each other. They explain the different roles of the people and the context of using these terms.

Management, administration, and leadership are terms that are used to commonly specify the position of a person in a workplace. An organization may hire people for managerial positions, administrative activities, or as team leaders. Managers, administrators, or leaders are superior members of an organization who are endowed with powers, but they are bestowed with different types of responsibilities. Let's find out the differences between these three terms.

Differences between Management, Administration, and Leadership


Management is the art of accomplishing tasks by effectively delegating them to various people. It also refers to the proper usage of resources to achieve goals. A manager of an organization performs various functions, such as planning, organizing, co-coordinating, and directing the team members. Also, a person in a managerial position is responsible for effectively channelling resources and making informed decisions to achieve the target of the organization. They monitor the progress of the team members to ensure they are fulfilling the objectives specified for them. The role of a manager is to undertake corrective action if the members are not able to achieve the target specified for them. Management refers to controlling the functions of an organization to achieve the goals of the organization. The main focus of this area is planning and establishing a framework to effectively execute the functions of an organization, but only after the administration section formulates policies and specifies standards for completing the tasks.


Administration refers to the assessment of routine operations in an organization. The main function of administration is to establish and formulate policies and frameworks to execute various functions of an organization. Management does not refer to the formulation of policies but is related to controlling various functions of an organization. It also refers to the establishment of goals to be achieved by the organization. It entails tasks such as managing schedules, facilitating communication, and providing feedback to enhance the operations of an organization. An administrator is also engaged in the optimisation of resource allocation to ensure smooth operations within the organization. It mainly focuses on the decision-making process to achieve the established goals of an organization.


Leadership is the art of motivating people to meet the common goals of an organization. It is mainly a function of directing people toward the common goal of an organization. A leader is responsible for handing over the team members and unifying them to work collaboratively. An administrator may not listen to the members of an organization while formulating policies or frameworks, but a leader always listens to the problems or opinions of the people. Based on the calibre of the team members, they guide and motivate members to achieve goals. A manager of an organization also listens to the problems or ideas of the members, but they are mainly involved in devising strategies to achieve the desired goal. The main role of a leader is to understand and determine the characteristics of the members and accordingly advise or show the roadmap toward success. A leader is someone who is capable of influencing team members or people around him with his ideas to motivate them. A leader may be authoritative or friendly, but he or she should be capable of motivating members to achieve goals.


Whether manager, administrator, or leader, the members work according to the instructions specified by them. But they exert power among members in different ways. An administrator is usually an authoritative person who is more concerned with the creation of goodwill and esteem in society. A manager, although not usually authoritative, focuses on strategies to perform tasks in an organization. A leader is someone who focuses on the characteristics and caliber of the team members to effectively motivate them.


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