TOEFL Examination Syllabus

Will you be appearing for TOEFL and want to know its syllabus? This article provides the detailed syllabus to help prepare for the TOEFL exam. You will get details of the TOEFL section-wise format and the type of tests included in each of these sections.

What is TOEFL

TOEFL stands for Test Of English as a Foreign Language. This is a test taken for any course admissions in USA and Canada. Many other countries are also using this test for admissions to various courses.

The primary purpose of TOEFL exam is to test the proficiency in English of candidates from non English speaking countries. Even candidates from English speaking countries may be asked to take this test since American English is different from English spoken in many countries including UK.

TOEFL Sections

Listening Comprehension

This section tests your ability to understand regular conversations in American English. It includes vocabulary and idiomatic expressions in spoken English and special grammatical constructions commonly used in speech.

In the test, you will hear short conversations as well as long conversations. After the short conversation, you will be asked one question and multiple choices of answers will be given. You have to choose one answer. In the long conversations, you will be asked multiple questions based on the conversation. You have to choose the correct answer for each question.

Structure and Written Expression

This section includes sentences to test your knowledge of important structural and grammatical elements of standard written English. These sentences include a variety of topics and not specific to any specific field of study.

Many of the topics may refer to the United States or Canadian history, culture, art, or literature. However, you do not need to have a prior knowledge of these topics to answer these questions.

Reading Comprehension

In this section, you will be provided with several short passages. You must read and understand the passage and then answer the questions based on the passage.


This section measures the ability to write an Essay on a given subject.

Wishing you success in TOEFL!

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Author: manila08 Mar 2008 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 1

quite helpful information for toefel students

Author: Shirish Patil09 Mar 2008 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1


I have one query??

How do you highlight titles. please tell.


Author: Deepu18 Mar 2008 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2

Hi Mr.BT,



Author: Amit gupta15 May 2009 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

Hi riamerin.

Thanks a lot for the resource that you have posted.
It was very helpful.
I would also appreciate if you can post the guidelines for appearing the test and also the do's and dont's.
Please continue the good work.

All the best!!!

Amit Gupta

ISC enthusiast

Author: Sairaj19 Nov 2009 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1


The information was quite useful.
My question is:

Out of 120 marks for TOEFL exam, is it true that we will be getting 60 marks score as soon as we finish the exam ar have to wait till ets uploads?

Thank you.

Author: Radha Muralidhar06 Jun 2010 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

Hi Teja,

Since TOEFL is now an internet based test candidates don't get the score immediately.You have to wait for two weeks for the result.

Author: Radha Muralidhar13 Jun 2010 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

Most of the candidates get less score in Speaking section than the other sections because they speak very fast . I would advise them to speak slowly and clearly. Further, they should speak to the point and should not beat around th bush.

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