Status of Education In India

This article describes about the status of education in India.

In a modern society, education is a very important sector. Education, at the individual level helps in the process of socialisation. At the level of society, it ensures that the traditional wisdom passes from one generation to the others and the new and modern knowledge is imbibed by the present generation. The government of every nation is particularly careful about the educational sector because it is crucial for the development of that nation. Thus traditionally the task of educating people has fallen on the government more, so, if the government has adopted welfare approach, as is done today by most nations.

But since the last decade or two the concept of the governance has changed. More and more governments are adopting the role of directing rather than intervening and financing. We, in India also have a welfare government. However, since the last decade India has taken the road to Iiberalisation. At the same time India has followed a gradual and cautious approach to liberalisation. In a liberal economy there is a dismantling of government sector initiatives and the task of economic activities devolves on the Private
sector. It is in this context that we have debated upon privatisation of education.

Privatisation of education has both negative and positive fallouts. Therefore any discussion on privatisation of education must take into account both its positive and negative impacts. It has been argued that privatisation of education is necessary from several stand points. In the first place, education has become a very expensive venture which the government cannot afford. Secondly, the educational infrastructure of the government is poor. There are shortages of school buildings, teaching staff and other facilities. The government lacks resources. All these adversely affect the overall equality of education.It has also been suggested that since the government spends so much on education and is not able to reap the proportionate rewards due to several reasons, therefore, education should be privatised. This is especially true for higher education like advanced research which costs the government a fortune. Given these facts, privatisation of education has been proposed.

But, for a poor country like India, privatisation of education will not be without its unmitigated ills. First of all, how many Indian families can really afford the high cost of private education? According to official estimates 50 percent of the Indian population still lives below the poverty line. Will it then be possible for these families to afford the cost of private education, especially when India is all for the universalizing of primary education? It is also feared that the entry of private sector in the field of education will distort education. It will become elitist and capitalist in nature. Technically skilled work-force will cater to the demands of the big industrial houses, rather than thinking in terms of nationalist goals. Privatisation of education will further widen the gulf dividing the

rich and the poor.

Keeping these problems in mind, it is suggested that the government should keep primary and secondary education in its own hands. The higher education and technical education should be guided by the government, while at the same time should be

left free to mobilise its own resources

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Author: Rajeev Verma06 Jan 2009 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

Yes I agree with you. Keeping the less privileged in mind, government should take the responsibility of education not only at the primary level but also at a higher level.

Author: Inderjeet14 Jan 2009 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 2

India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years, dating back to ancient seats of learning like Nalanda.

India, being a developing nation, struggles with challenges in its primary education. Literacy rate has increased from around 3% in 1880 to around 65% in 2001. The challenges that India faces vis-a-vis education involve combating the lack of adequate education among children in rural areas[1][2][3][4], and lack of attendance of children (among others)[3] Substantial improvements in rural education have taken place thanks to redistribution[citation needed] and privatization of education even among the poor.

Nevertheless, University education is growing and India and some Indian educational institutions (such as the IITs, IISc, IIMs, NITs,AIIMS, ISI, JU, BITS, and ISB) are well known.

All levels of education in India, from primary to higher education, are overseen by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of Higher Education (India) and Department of School Education and Literacy), and heavily subsidized by the Indian government, though there is a move to make higher education partially self-financing. The Indian Government is considering allowing 100% foreign direct investment in Higher Education.[5]

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