Infectious Diseases, Vaccination Schedule for Child And Its Significance


What is infectious diseases? What vaccination schedule should be ideal for a child? What is its importance? You will obtain all these details in this page.

Hemophilus Influenzae meningitis ( Common name - Hib)

Hemophilus Influenzae was a very common cause of meningitis in children before development of vaccine and used to result in many deaths. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) occurs worldwide in children < 5 years of age. The mean case-fatality rate ( death rate) for children with Hib meningitis was 13.8% in 1 study. Hib meningitis was more common than pneumococcal meningitis as proven by many studies. Neither Hib nor pneumococcal meningitis has a propensity for epidemics

These bacteria are most of the time carried in the nasal passages by healthy people.

The vaccine protects the child from Hemophilus influenzae meningitis which is a dangerous disease.

Available Vaccines



1. Hib conjugate vaccines

Trade Names

ProHIBiT

HibTITER

PedvaxHIB

Primary Immunization :

This can be done with HbOC or PRP-OMP conjugate vaccines or with ProHIBiT.
ProHIBiT is used to give protection against diseases caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b.

1. HbOC –HibTiTER

2. PRP-OMP -PedvaxHIB

3. PRP-T -ActHIB

1, 2 , 3 have been approved in US for vaccination.

Combined Product ( Comvax)

PRP-OMP with hepatitis B

Hib vaccine is safe and effective.

IPV- Inactivated Polio Vaccine



IPV is an inactivated, or killed, vaccine (IPV) developed by Dr. Jonas Salk

Safety

The IPV vaccine is very safe; no serious adverse reactions reported
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) cannot cause paralytic polio as it contains killed virus.

It is recommended to give both IPV and OPV to children.

Associations Which Give Guidelines About Vaccination



1. American Academy Of Pediatrics(AAP)

2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention which is a part of U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES gives guidelines about infectious diseases and vaccines.

Read more at
http://www.indiastudychannel.com/resources/ViewResource.aspx?resourceId=48616


Comments

Author: Kailash Kumar04 Jul 2016 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 7

The routine vaccinations recommended for infants and children, in the age group 0–10 years are as follows -
1. Chickenpox - First dose at 12–15 months and the second dose at 4–6 years.
2. Diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough - The first dose at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, the fourth at 15–18 month and the fifth at 4–6 years.
3. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) - The first dose at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months (if needed), and the last at 12–15 months.
4. Hepatitis A (HepA) - The first dose at 1 year and the second after 6–12 months later.
5. Hepatitis B (HepB) - The first dose at birth, the second at 1–2 months, the third at 4 months (if needed), and the last at 6–18 months.
6. Influenza (Flu) - Children age 6 months and older needs influenza vaccination every fall or winter and for the rest of their lives.
7. Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) - The first dose at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years.
8. Meningococcal - Infants and children age 0–10 years with certain health conditions need meningococcal vaccines in case recommended by the health care professional.
9. Pneumococcal - The first dose at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, and the fourth at 12–15 months.
10. Polio - The first dose at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6–18 months, and the fourth at 4–6 years.
11. Rotavirus - The first dose at 2 months, the second at 4 months, and the third (if needed) at 6 months.
However any action should be taken in consultation with a medical professional only.



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