How Does Electricity Get To My House?


Want to know how power supply ome to your home? Read this article which is about How Does Electricity Get To My House?

Electricity that lights our homes; it has become our basic requirement and without it is very difficult to survive and fulfill our day to day needs. There is shortage of electricity due to growing demand and rapid growth of cities and change in the lifestyle of people. Though there are various sources of Electricity there are lot of limitations for generations of Electricity, hence setting up new power plants takes a lot of time. It is therefore very much importance for us to know about various aspects of Electricity, which will help us to make use of Electricity in judicious manner and this, will also make everyone to realize the importance of conserving Electricity.

This is where it all starts. There are several ways electricity is made: Steam Plants those burn fossil fuels, Hydroelectric Plants that use water and Nuclear Plants that split atoms. Each of these ways produces steam that turns a machine called a Turbine. The turbine spins a giant magnet inside a coil of wire. Heat energy in the steam changes to mechanical energy. The mechanical energy produced in the turbine is changed to electrical energy in the generator.

How does Electricity Get to my House?


Electricity generated at Power Plant comes to our Home via different mediums as follows:

Power Plant to Step-up Transformer to Transmission Lines to Substation Transformer to Distribution Lines to Distribution Transformer to finally Service Box (Electric Meter)

Let us understand each point in brief:

Power Plant:

This is where it all starts. There are several ways electricity is made: Steam plants those burn fossil fuels, Hydroelectric Plants that use water and Nuclear Plants that split atoms. Each of these ways produces steam that turns a machine called a turbine. The turbine spins a giant magnet inside a coil of wire. Heat energy in the steam changes to mechanical energy. The mechanical energy produced in the turbine is changed to electrical energy in the generator.

Step-up Transformer

: From the power plant, the electricity flows through the wires to a step-up transformer. The transformer raises the pressure of the electricity so it can travel long distances. Voltage is raised up as high as 765,000 volts.

Transmission Lines

: From the transformer, the current then travels through wires to the transmission lines. These high voltage lines can carry large amounts of electricity over long distances.

Substation Transformer

: From the transmission lines the current now goes to a substation transformer. A substation lowers the pressure between 2,000 and 13,000 volts so the electricity can be used by the community.

Distribution Lines

: From the substation the electricity is now ready to be distributed into the community. The current travels from the substation to distribution lines. These lines are sometimes above ground or below ground.

Distribution Transformer

: From the distribution lines the electricity now travels to a Distribution Transformer. This type of transformer lowers the pressure once again to 240 volts for use in your home.

Service Box (Electric Meter)

: From the transformer pole or box, the electricity is now ready to travel to your home into a service box. That's where your electric meter is. You're now ready to flick a switch to turn on the lights, or plug in the radio.


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