Bhutan is one of the most isolated countries perched on the Himalayas. It regulates and influences the tourism to a great extent. The nation greatly aims at preserving the country’s identity, culture and its ecosystem. The Bhutanese monarchy was founded in 1907 and Bhutan was recognized by the United Nations in 1974. The name Bhutan originated from Sanskrit word Bhotanata which means the ‘end of the Tibet’. In Sanskrit the word Bhu-atttan means highlands. There is constantly the roaring of the powerful storms from the Himalayas. Bhutan allowed the tourists for the first time in 1974. It has the world highest unclimbed peak Gankhar Puensum. Bhutan is the only country in the world to absorb more carbon-di-oxide and thus being the world’s only Carbon sink. The Bhutanese and the government have great respect for their environment and the ecosystems of the wildlife. There are four aspects for Bhutan’s overall health, which includes environmental protection cultural preservation, sustainable development and good governess. All these aspects contribute to gross happiness. Bhutan has banned the use of plastic bas and it is the first country to outlaw tobacco.
Bhutan’s national animal is ‘takin’ a goat antelope. The two national sports are archery and darts. To symbolize the fertility and good luck of the family Bhutanese paint phalluses on their houses that has come as a tradition. People face severe punishment of life in prison if caught killing an endangered species. Herder or Brokpa is the name given to yak herders in remote regions of Bhutan. They depend entirely on yak for food, clothing and the transportation. Timpu is one of the capitals in the world with no traffic lights. The black necked crane is an endangered species. Bhutanese have an annual festival that coincides the arrival of cranes in the month of November. The annual festival involves in performances of folk songs and masked dances. Bhutan laws prohibit mountaineers climbing the peaks as they are considered sacred, to be the homes of the deities above 6000 meters. Bhutan has the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. It’s mandatory for the children and adults to wear the national dress for the school and national occasions. One of the most prized funguses with aphrodisiac properties is Ophiocordyceps sinensis which is used as traditional Chinese. Bhutan is the largest exporter of hydroelectricity which is harnessed for Himalayans’ river valley.
Thimphu, the capital city of Bhutan does not a single traffic light. It’s the last country in the world to provide the Television facility in 2001. During summer months fruits and vegetables are dried and preserved for winter season. Most of the houses are seen with roofs covered with red chillies that are spread out for drying. Bhutan is the only country that is not invaded due to it geographical regions. Bhutan’s manners tell you to refuse food when it’s offered to you. Only after two or three offers one can give in .The national dish of Bhutan is Ama Datshi. The king gave up his throne to make way for democracy. King Jigme Singye Wang Chuc conducted elections and established constitution in 2005.
1.Thimphu is the capital of the Bhutan
2. The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha a Tibetan dialect. Monarchy is the form of government followed by Bhutan.
3. The square flag is divided diagonally into yellow and orange halves. A white dragon in the centre has a jewel in each claw.
4. The dzongs( monasteries) consist of office, chapels and the teaching centers.
5. Bhutanese practice Lamaism called the Tibetan Buddhism.
6. The currency of Bhutan is Ngultrum.
7. Taktsang monastery is known as the “Tiger’s Nest’ because of the legends of Bhutan. The monastery clings to the cliff in the Himalayan region.
8. Bhutan is know as the “Last Shangrila “ The land of the Thunder Dragon”
9. Bhutan is considered as the happiest country in the world and deeply religious.
10. Bhutan is the only Buddhist Kingdom remaining in the world.
11. Bhutan celebrates its independence on 17th December
Why study in Bhutan
1. Bhutan has a distinct cultural flavor of both Indian and Chinese combined to provide a quality experience in Bhutan.
2. The country provides breathtaking scenery magnificent architecture, rich traditional culture and warm friendly people.
3. The Bhutan country is the best destination to study amidst the beauty of nature.
4. The country offers a different culture and to have rich experiences and to explore something new and have academic education to cultural exposure of a lifetime.
5. Bhutan is the land of tranquility, peace and resourceful that transforms the students to master their subjects effectively.
Admission Process in Bhutan
1. Admission to the college/university can be applied online
2. Admission is based on the merit as per the admission criteria.
3. Students can apply from any place to the university through the internet facility.
4. The tuition fees is payable at the registration time at the beginning of each semester.
5. The accommodation in the college campus is available with mess facility.
6. The student need to produce the citizen identity card and the marks sheet of class 10 and 12.
Admission for traditional course is of two year duration with self funding.. The documents required are ; the academic transcript, no objection certificate form the employer, citizenship identity card copy, certificate of security clearance certificate from police, BMHC registration certificate. The Royal College of Science and Technology
This institute is the only college in the country offering programs of undergraduates in engineering. It was introduced in 2007 by Royal command and the college is located in Rinchending. The institute aims to be centre of excellence in the field of science and technology. The college is enriched with values and offers rich and quality progress that are required for professional in the global market. The college was established at Dewathang in southern Bhutan. The college over seas the tertiary education system in kingdom of Bhutan in areas of science and technology. The programmes offered by the college are civil engineering, architecture, electrical engineering, electronics and communication, and information technology. The college offers regular program and includes workshops and courses for technical professionals. The college has vast campus area for learning and teaching process and ample spaces for research and academics.
Admission: The admissions are carried on-line and are based on merit and as per admission criteria. The college opens admissions for both government scholar ships and self financed students in the month of February.
Student Visa Application Process
1. The student needs to have certificate of vaccination for yellow fever.
2. A valid passport and visa for all nationals.
3. Applicants to use Druk Air the only airline serving Bhutan
4. Air tickets can be purchased only with visa clearance.
5. Visas are issued stamped in passport on arrival at Paro airport.
6. Money is accepted in Bhutanese bankcards
Most of the Bhutanese people are descendants of Tibetan settlers. The language they speak is Dongkha, a Tibetan dialect. The Sharchops and the Ngalops are the two largest ethnic groups in the Bhutan country. Several languages are spoken in the country. The Bhutanese people practice Buddhism and Bhutan belong to the Red Hat order of lamas. Rituals are performed according to Buddhism for treating illnesses and also preach the sacred doctrine. The monks or the lamas live the fortified monasteries called dzongs. They are the centers for art, religion and culture of Bhutan. Buddhism is believed to have been introduced into Tibet in the A.D. 700’s from where it spread into Bhutan.
Hinduism is followed by most people of Bhutan. Bhutan’s Hindu people in live in rectangular houses of mud blocks and stones in compact villages, To protect against the floods, wild animals and snakes the people build the houses on high ground. The houses have single roofs, the ground floor is used as barn and upstairs the family lives. Tibetan people wear long loose coat which is gathered around the waist and hangs to the knees. There are about fourth of the Bhutanese people are Nepalese. They practice Hinduism and speak Nepali. Due to conflicts between the Nepali speaking people of Southern Bhutan and the ruling northern Bhutanese thousands of Southern Bhutanese took shelter in refuge camps in Nepal, Assam and West Bengal.
Not much is known about the early history of Bhutan. Bhutia Tephoo was conquered by Tibetan invaders add settled in Bhutan. Descendants of the Tibetan invaders gained the control of Bhutan and from many large dzongs in the Himalaya region. When Tibetan Lama the Buddhist monk became the ruler of both religious and state affairs in 1600’s Bhutan became a separate state. In 1907 Ugyen Wangchuck a landlord who was very powerful was made the administrator of the government. He proclaimed himself as the Bhutan’s King and governed the country effectively.
During 1700’s and 1800’s raided Sikkim and these raids made the British to gain the control of Bhutan’s foreign affairs. British Indian government tool complete control of the Bhutanese foreign relations in 1910 and agreed to help the country to develop its economy. Until 1959 the country Bhutan was isolated from the rest of the world but when china began claiming the part of its land Bhutan strengthened its ties with India. India helped Bhutan to modernize its economy, educational systems and health care services. Antigovernment protest erupted in early 1990’s by the Nepalese descent people. Nepalese fled to refuge camps in Nepal. Bhutan in 2005, make the government more democratic and gave Bhutan more control of the foreign policy and military matters. The royal Bhutan Army maintains the military relations with the Indian Armed Forces. Bhutan maintains diplomatic relationship with 52 countries and the European Union. Buddhism was first introduced in Bhutan in 7th Century A.D. In 2006 the first general elections for the National Assembly was held. Economy
Farming is the main occupation of Bhutan people. They are also herders. The fertile valleys are planted crops and irrigation is done on mountain slopes. The main crops are the barley, rice and wheat. In the high mountains people herd cattle and yaks. In the south region coal is produced. The electric power is exported and the products imported are the gasoline, grain and kerosene. The trading partner of Bhutan are India, Bangladesh and Japan.
Bhutan began orchids, breeding farms and fruits preserving factory with the help of Indian financial help and also constructed roads and trained farmers. By selling the collector’s postage stamps the Bhutan government makes money. Bhutan depends on India to handle the foreign affairs and its defense.
There are numerous deposits of minerals in Bhutan. The production of minerals includes the coal, dolomite, gypsum and limestone. Bhutan is the largest export in hydroelectric power. There are no UNESCO world heritage sites in Bhutan but it has declared eight tentative sites. Land and climate
There are three major land regions, a region of plains along the Indian border and river valley which is hot and has humid climate. In this region citrus fruits, bananas and rice are grown. Mountains in the mid Himalayas’ region has trees Ash, oak, and willow. The region has moderate climate. The northernmost region of Bhutan, the mountains rise over 24000 feet. This region includes the freezing lakes and huge glaciers and the climate is cold all though the year. Fertile valleys are formed by the rivers flowing from north to south. The main rivers of Bhutan are Wong Chu, Sankosh, Tongsa, Bumtang, Manas, Kuru. Bhutan has rich and sare species of primate life. The wild life includes the golden langer, Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, goral, serow, sloth bear, wild pig, samba, squirrel, red pads, wild pig, snow leopard, barding deer etc.
The transport system consists of only one international airport in Bhutan is Port Airport. The lateral road is Bhutan is primary east-west corridor. The country has no railways. Bhutan nearest railway station is Hasimara. Education
The country Bhutan has eleven constituent colleges and one decentralized university. The college’s are spread across the country. In 1961 the organized modern school system emerged with free and universal education program with its first year plan. With help from the Asian development bank the educational program got a boost in 1990 for training the staff and for its development. It included the specialist services, equipment and furniture purchases, recurrent costs and salaries. T
The society of Bhutan citizen are free to travel and entry is free for India citizens, Bangladesh and Maldives. The architecture of Bhutan is tradition with intricate wood work, around windows and roofs. Food and sports
Maize and red rice forms the staple food of Bhutanese, The local people diet consists of beef, yak, meat, chicken, pork and lamb.
The main sport of Bhutan is archery, and most villages conduct competitions regularly. The archery is a social event and people indulge in plenty of food and drink to complete the event with singing and dancing. Thimpu the capital city of Bhutan
The largest and the capital city of Bhutan is the Thimphu situated in western central part of Bhutan. The city is the political and economic center of Bhutan and it has strong agricultural and livestock base. Tourism is strictly regulated and maintains a balance between traditional and modernization. Thimphu is developing with the financial assistance from the World Bank and Asia development Bank. The important festival of Bhutan is ‘Tshechu” people dance wearing mask. Bhutan is noted for its concept of gross happiness.
Cost of Living for Students The country has limited banking services. One can get only basic medical facilities, the tourists may face altitude sickness and for serious cases patients are sent to India for treatment. Bhutan is a small country and it has small population. The government of Bhutan does not allow any foreigner to buy properties in Bhutan. Bhutan’s law does not permit any foreigner to become a citizen of Bhutan. For an Indian the Bhutan visa is free.You can lead a comfortable life if you are earning good money. Restaurants charge about 250Nu for meals, midrange restaurants charge around 8 25.74Nu. Meals at Mc Donald’s are about 250.Nu. Water is 24.99.Nu for a 0.33 litre bottle. Milk is about 64.95 Nu. 1 dozen of banana costs 80.00 Nu and oranges 90.00Nu. 1 Kg Rice is 63.29Nu, white bread loaf comes for 67.50. 1 litre gasoline in 74.94 Nu . Nu
Documents for University Admissions in Bhutan
Royal University of Bhutan
The royal University was founded in 2003 by a royal decree which is the national university of Bhutan. The university is decentralized university with eight colleges and one affiliated college. The royal university of Bhutan offers programs in varied fields such as teacher education, business and management, engineering and physical sciences, computing and information science biological science and agriculture, health science, humanities and social sciences, the official language, and literature. The university offers diploma, degree and honors’ degree courses of study. The students are provided with ample opportunities to take part in activities and communication sciences.
The colleges of the university of Bhutan are the college of natural resources, the college o science and technology, the college of business studies and cultural studies, engineering college, Paro college of education, Royal thimphu college, smatse college of education and sherubtse college.