About Czech Republic
The country Czech Republic is located in the geographic center of Europe; the short name of Czech Republic is Czechia. The country has unitary parliamentary republic. The major cities of the country are the Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen. The nation is a member of the European Union, NATO, United Nations and the council of Europe. The country ranks 14th in inequality adjusted human development. The nation provides universal health care system. The important historic territories of Czech Republic are Bohemia, Moravia and the Czech Silesia. The Czech Republic ranks 27th in world environmental performance index. It’s a environmental conscious country having four National Parks and 25 protected landscape areas. The Czech Republic has pluralist multiparty system. The president is the head of the state and the prime minister is the head of the government. The government takes the responsibility of the chamber of deputies who are elected for a four year term by proportional representation. The Czech Republic ranks as the 7th safest or the most peaceful country. The citizens of Czech have fret visa access to 173 countries. It has one of the least restricted visas to travel abroad.
The Czech Republic has cordial strong ties with Slovakia, Poland and Hungary. The defense sector consists of Czech land forces and air forces. The armed forces are managed by Defense Ministry. The Czech Republic is divided into thirteen regions. The country is a participating member of European Union Economy. It has one of the largest car manufacturers in central Europe Skoda Auto. The Skoda transportation is the fourth largest tramway producer in the world. Czech exports Nuclear power which sources from Temelin Nuclear power station. South Moravia consists of small oil and gas deposits. The main international airport in the country is Vaclav Havel Airport. The Czech railways are the main railway operator of Czech Republic.
The Czech Republic has the fastest average internet speed and ranks top 10 countries in the world. The antivirus, Avast and AvG the two major antivirus companies were founded in Czech Republic. Avast is the leading provider of antivirus software. The scientific tradition of Czech has a long and rich philosophy. The education foundation was laid by Cyril and Methodius. Many famous scientists were born in the Czech Republic they include Josef Capek, Karel Domin, Antonin Holy Kurt Godel etc. A substantial income for the country comes from tourism; the visited cit in Europe after London, Paris, and Istanbul is Prague. There are 12 UNESCO World heritage sites in Czech Republic and about 18 tentative sites in the lit. About 12 cathedrals and 15 churches are elevated to the rank of Basilica by Pope. There are various museums and puppetry that are about known worldwide. Marionette exhibitions are popular and the country holds puppet festivals throughout the country. The beer festivals are famous in the country. It includes the Czech beer festival, the biggest festival, Pilsner fest and the Pivni festival. Politics
The Czech Republic nation consists of two historic regions Bohemia; where the first inhabitants were the Boii, a Celtic tribe that lived in Bohemia during 300’s B.C. The Slavic tribes settled in Moravia during 400’s A.D and the Czechs made their home in Bohemia. The Greater Empire was formed by these three tribes covered the central Europe. Bohemia became a semi-independent kingdom when the empire fell in 900. Duke of Bohemia ruled the Moravia when it became the part of the territory of the Roman Empire. When Bohemia lost its power in 1620, it got divided into three provinces- Bohemia, Moravia and the Silesia. The Habsburgs imposed strict laws and enforced the Czechs to learn the German language and adopt its culture. During the period of World War I, 1914-1918, Austria and Hungry formed a monarchy and called Austria-Hungry. At this time the Czech and Slovak worked together and to form an independent nation and
Czechoslovakia became an independent nation in 1918. It became a communist state in 1948.The two groups followed their own traditions and separate path though they were unified under the same flag. The Czechs formed the government and took control of country economy as the Slovaks were farming people and had less political experiences. The two groups united and brought reforms in politics in late 1980’s and brought the fall of the community regime and reinstated the democracy in their country. The Czechs and Slovaks divided the assets of the country when Czechoslovakia was dissolved and through peaceful settlements all the problems were sorted out. The defense and foreign policies were shared in smaller countries. Art and Culture
During the years of communist regime the Czech writings challenged their ruling system making fun at the illogical ways. People expressed their wit and imagination in their writing about the truths about politics, authority and the conditions of the human beings during the communist rule, when their freedom of speech was restricted. The Austrian rule of the Czech people was attacked through Jaroslav Hasek’s writings that created Schwejk, a shabbily dressed character. Hasek’s tales tells the stories of Schwejk who thrown out of the army as a stupid, achieves in disturbing the entire military establishment. Schwejk , the character became the hero of the modern literature and more important than the military figures. Hasek enjoyed practical jokes and was a colorful personality.
Tomas Masaryk became the first president of Czechoslovakia when it gained its independence; he was a scholar and a statesman after the World War I. Masaryk’s government promoted the arts but Germans restricted the freedom of expression during the World War II. Masaryk was a philosopher; his encouragement to arts reflects the Czech tradition connection between the arts and the politics. Hasek’s character Schwejk outwitted the military rulers of World War I. Arts development hindered as restrictions were put on arts and were punished who opposed them. In 1989 thousands of students took to streets beginning the “Velvet Revolution”. The movement was supported by artists, writers and rock musicians. This movement brought down the communist system and made way for democratic government.
The revolution also brought in free economy and new freedom for expressions for the writers and artists of Czech. The films made in Czech combined the humor and the social comment. The magic Lantern Theater in Prague became the stage for Czechoslovakia’s “Velvet Revolution’. The theater was founded in 1958 and it became the meeting place for artists and writers, and it became famous for its films and innovative plays. The films made by gifted makers in Czechoslovakia with a spirit of expression caught world wide attention. The film ‘Closely Watched Trains ‘made by Jiri Menzel won an Academy Award for the best Foreign Film in 1966. The film was based on the novel by Bohumil Hrabal. The film revolves about a young railway employee who comes out of the last days of the World War II.Environment and Economy of Czech Republic
The country Czech is landlocked completely, but two important rivers link the nation to the Black and North seas. One of the major waterways of central Europe is the Elbe River which flows begins in the western part of the republic and passes through Germany before joining the North Sea. There are five land regions of Czech Republic they are:
Bohemian Mountains- These Mountains rise in the west of the Czech country and consists of Ore Mountains and the Bohemian Forest in the northwest and southwest. Ore Mountains are popular spots for mineral springs where many people come to bathe in the springs. The mountain peaks are also popular for skiing destination. Large deposits of coal and uranium are found in this mountain region making it a center for mining and manufacturing industries. The regions of the forests paths are adventurous route for tourists who enjoy wandering in the woods. The forests provide the important materials and wood products. Since 1600’s Northern Bohemia has been an important center of the glass industry.
Sudeten Mountains-The Mountains lies on the Bohemian Basin which consists of low lying areas having plains and rolling hills. Many hills arise from the highlands and flows into the basin making the land a fertile region. The farmers grow crops such as sugar beets, wheat, potatoes and rye in these regions. The major rivers that flow are the Vltava flowing northward and the Elbe flowing westward across the basin.
Bohemian Basin- The major industrial cities of the Czech Republic are located in the Bohemian Basin. The leading center of steel production Kladno and Prague the manufacturer of motorcycles and heavy industry product factories are situated in this Basin.
Bohemian- Moravian Highlands -These highlands cover the southern Bohemia which consists of low hills and plateaus. Scattered throughout this region are small towns and the villages where farming is the main occupation.
Moravian lowlands- The Moravian lowlands are densely populated and the lands are fertile farmlands where crops such as sugar beets, potatoes, corn and rye are grown. Mikulov the picturesque town lies on the edge of the Noravian lowlands. The Czechs most important coals fields are found in this region. Found around the city of Ostrava are industrial and the mining centers. Brno another important industrial city is located here which is the second largest city. It was founded in 1800’s which forms the major center for manufactured foods such as automobiles, iron and steel, leather goods, machinery and the textiles. Things to see in Czech republic
Czech Republic is one of the favorite tourist destinations for international travelers who wish to see the wonderful fairy tale castles and chateaux. It is also the place for tourists who are fond of world famous spas and countryside scenic beautiful places, the historical parks and protected areas. The cities and villages are amazing places for visiting which has legendary traditional cuisine. The places of interest are easy to access due to excellent transport system. The national parks are of educational importance at international levels which consist of rich and unique flora and fauna with scientific importance. Education
The Czech education is compulsory for 9 years in the country and the children have tuition free university education. The country has the most successful Czech Education system in the world. The programme for International Studies Assessment ranks 15th in the World. Czech higher Education system has more than 70 universities. 18 universities top 300 of the QS EECA University ranking 2018 in Czech Republic. The top universities are the following;
Charles University: The Charles University is the highest ranked university in Czech Republic. It was established in 1348 and ranks 5th in the EECA rankings. The university was founded by Emperor Charles IV. It is the country’s largest university, with 17 faculties and around 49200 students pursuing their studies in the country. The Charles University is one of the popular destinations for higher education program for international students. The university has international program partnership with 200 universities around the world. The campus is situate din the beautiful city Prague which appeals to the international students. The capital city attracts tourists and offers a lively atmosphere along with study and work opportunities for students.
Czech Technical University in Prague: The technical university is located in Prague, it was founded in 1707, it is one of the oldest and largest academic universities. It stands second place in EECA rankings. The institute has eight faculties and offers 100 degree programs. The institute provides courses mainly in engineering and in its related fields. About 24000 students pursue their studies at both under graduate and post graduate level. The university records in having many renowned alumni throughout its existence. The famous Christian Doppler studied in this university and is known world wide for his Doppler effect.
Masaryk University: This University is the second largest public university in Czech Republic located in Brno. The university was establishes in 1919 and ranks at 17th place in EECA rankings. There are nine faculties and around 36000 students are enrolled in this university. The institute offers programs in English and German.
Brno University of technology: Brno University is also located in Brno and was founded in 1899 and ranks 99th in EECA ranking. This university offers civil engineering. There are 22000 students pursuing their studies in the university. Brno University of technology takes part in EU projects Erasmus. The institute offers programs in English from undergraduates to Ph. D levels with focus on engineering. Brno University is one of the top universities in the world.
Palacky University in Olomouc: The Palacky University was established in the year 1573, and it is the second oldest university in Czech Republic. The university occupies a prestigious place in Czech and Central European education. The institute offers 250 bachelors, masters and doctoral study programmes. The institute has eight faculties and imparts instruction in Czech language. The university also provides courses in foreign languages in collaboration with international universities. The university offers lifelong learning programs in varied areas which includes programs for children and aged people. The university is modern providing latest opportunities for research work which has attracted international scientists’ world wide. The university science and technology park has stimulated the scientific activities at the global level on a commercial sphere. The university participates in international program and projects. It has 300 partner institutions in European countries and bilateral co-operation agreements
Quick FactsThe largest city and the nation’s capital is “Prague’. Prague is called the “City of Hundred Spires” due to presence of many churches. The Official language of the Czech Republic is ‘Czech’ a Slavic language that share the characteristics of Eastern European tongues. The neighboring countries of Czech Republic are Austria, Germany, Poland and SlovakiaThe currency of Czech Republic is Czech Crown. Czech people enjoy the freedom of religion.
Admission Process in Czech Republic
The modern Czech higher education has three levels of study programs, the bachelors, masters and doctorates. The institutions are divided into universities and non-universities. The tuition fee is free for all nationalities at all public institutions of higher learning programs. However, some fees need to be paid for admissions as per student’s original study plan etc. Private institutions have their own tuition fees.
You need to choose a program of study first that suits your interest, and can opt to study in English or in Czech language. You can apply for different study programs in various universities. The application forms are available from Czech Republic universities and on websites. In most of the public universities the last day for submitting the application is the last day in February. You need to submit application form duly completed and signed Students need to require long term visas for studying in Czech Republic. They need to have health insurance to meet the medical expenses during their stay in the country. To be eligible of the degree program in Czech Republic you should have a diploma from your previous study. Students need to take up entrance examination and interview for admissions.
Check for deadlines of application forms in the universities you wish to join. Contact the university department/office for correct information and deadlines. Attach the receipt of application fee to the application. If your application is eligible, you may have to appear for an entrance examination which includes written test and oral examination.
If you are selected you will be intimated and asked to pay tuition fee for first semester. You will receive an official letter of admission, admission confirmation for the visa and accommodation process for the study period. Then you need to apply for visa process/residence permit to study in Czech Republic. Once you receive the admission letter start your visa application process as it takes about two months of paper work. Contact the university office for advice on arrangements available on your arrival at Czech Republic.
Student Visa Application Process
If you want to study in Czech Republic the main destination is to apply for Schengen Visa in the metropolitan cities in India at the visa application centers. If you intend to stay in Czech Republic for more than 90 days them you have to apply for long term visa personally at the embassy/ Consulate of Czech Republic in New Delhi. Get appointment date for submission of your long term visa application. The Czech Republic visa application centre accepts application for Schengen short term visa. The students need to read the information clearly and carefully and prepare the documents accurately. This reduces the delay in the application process. The following documents are required for visa Process:A valid passport for three months from the date of arrival back to the country. There need to be a blank page to which visa can be affixed. The passport should have been issued within 10years. It should have at least two blank pages Two original passport size photographs to be submitted, fully filled application form to be filled in capital letters, incomplete forms will not accepted You need to have the letter of acceptance from the University to would pursue your studies Financial fund proof for cover your expenses in the country for food, accommodation, transportation and other activities Proof to show that you do not have any criminal record Proof for health insurance certificateChildren travelling alone under 18 , must provide an affidavit for travelling signed by both parents/legal guardians with a copy of passports, first and last page of parentApplications are accepted within three months of requested date of arrival. Fully completed application form with relevant visa type to be submitted with photographThe processing time is minimum 20 days. Applications with date of departure earlier than 8 days will not be accepted. If you are travelling to more than one Schengen country you need to submit the application to the Embassy/ consulate.
LifestyleThe people living in the Czech Republic are the Czechs. The Czechs were greatly influenced by the Germans. So the culture resembles the Germany, even the cooking is similar. Czechs enjoy their meals with beer. The Czechs live in apartments and wear western clothes and on special occasions they enjoy wear colorful dresses. The nation has a high standard of living in Eastern Europe, the Czechs has expensive items such as cars, television sets, refrigerators etc. About 75% people of Czech do not follow any religion or faith. It ranks 3rd in having atheists in the country. The universal health care system is followed based on compulsory insurance model with fee for service. The first church hymns gave rise to musical tradition of Czech lands. The song ‘Lord have Mercy on us’ is the oldest and most preserved popular spiritual song. The popular cuisine includes the pork, Beef, and chicken. The popular dish is roast pork with bread dumplings and stemmed cabbage called Vepro knedio zelo. The popular sports of Czech Republic are ice hockey, football and tennis is also very popular.
Cost of Living for StudentsThe cost of living is not vey high compared to expenses in Western Europe. The students can find the life more affordable. The average costs of living for students range between 350 to 375 USD per month. The expenses include food, accommodation, transport, and cultural activities. The prices may vary depending on the location, life style and spending habits. The Czech currency can be exchanged in banks and hotels for your money. International banking card and debit card can be used alternatively. The cost of living can vary depending on the accommodation. Majority of universities have their own dormitories, one can choose to prefer to live on your own apartment or rent a single room in a shared flat. The most advantageous card for all students is the international student identity card. The card allows the students to get discounts in different activities such as transportation, cinemas, restaurants, exhibitions and concerts. Students need to calculate about the varied spending habits for food and drink in canteens, restaurants, pub, dairy products and other food products including mineral water. Accommodation, whether to live in student dormitory or to take private room in a flat. Entertainment includes the cinema and theatre ticket and museum admission. Sports activities include the fitness centre admission, swimming pool, bike rentals and ski/snow board rental. Fast foods are easily available, such as Burger king, KFC, Mc Donald and Subway. Many buildings have coffee vending.
Documents for University Admissions in Czech Republic The secondary school graduation certificate for Bachelors degree programThe bachelors diploma for masters degree course and masters diploma for PhD program Proof for English language proficiency, proof for admission fee paymentLetter of motivation and recommendationPortfolioDetailed information on purpose of stay in the countrySample of writingAn updated CV and transcripts of records