How can a practicing lawyer become a judge?

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Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao      Post Date: 14 Jun 2023        
Candidates with a law degree from a recognized university or are an Advocate enrolled under the Advocate Act 1961 can become a judge.

The state high court will be releasing notifications for filling up the judge posts and candidates should apply against such notifications. The qualification details and age limit details will be mentioned in the notification and candidates having the prescribed qualification can apply. The selection procedure may be different from state to state. There may be a screening test before the interview in some states, I understand. I have seen a notification released by the High Court of Telangana State. In this, the selection procedure mentioned is having a screening test also.

The following are the ways to become a judge.

1. Attain a law degree and then qualify for judicial service examination. No experience is required.

2. Attain a law degree and attain the minimum specified experience as an advocate and then qualify in the Higher Judiciary service examination.

3. Attain 10 + years of experience. The president of India may nominate you directly as a judge if the Collegium of Judges recommends your name.

A practising lawyer should clear the Higher Judiciary Service examination. The details of the examination are as follows.

Eligibility criteria: Advocates must have been practising in the court of law for a minimum of 7 continuous years. This minimum experience will be different for different states.

The candidates should be in the age group of 35 years to 45 years. Again, this age group will also be different for different states.

Syllabus: The syllabus for this examination will be given on the official website of the organisations that are conducting this examination. The syllabus will be based on the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Property Law, etc.

Examination: There will be 3 rounds in this examination.

1. Round 1 is the Preliminary Examination. It is an objective-based examination. The questions will be in multiple answer formats. A candidate should score a minimum of 60% for qualifying in this examination. The qualifying percentage will be 55% for reserved categories.

2. Round 2 is Main Examination. The questions are subjective based. The candidate should write the answers to the descriptive type question. The candidates who score 40% in each section and 50% in total are called for an interview.

3. Round 3 is the Interview. It is the final round. There will be a recruitment panel and they will conduct the interviews.
Author: Ajay Gupta      Post Date: 27 Nov 2023        
In India, a practicing lawyer can apply for Judicial positions after attaining the minimum number of experience required for the job. Different states have different requirements for applying and selection is usually based on the preliminary exam and interview conducted by the concerned authority. Hence, you need to make sure that you have the required experience practicing at lower courts in the country. Once you gain eligibility you can apply for the job when there is a notification from the concerned authority. Selection will be on merit based on the performance in the written exam and interview.
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