What are the different types of boards in India along with their advantages and disadvantages?

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Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao      Post Date: 22 May 2023        
There are many education boards in our country but the main boards which are very popular are CBSE and ICSE. In addition to the above each state is having its own board. CBSE is very popular in India.

My sister worked in school which was following the AP state board syllabus. But later the same school changed to a CBSE syllabus as the demand for this syllabus was increasing. My sister used to tell me that CBSE is becoming more popular because CBSE schools are available in almost all-important places in India.

The following are the pros and cons of CBSE and ICSE.

Pros and Cons of CBSE Board


1. Many entrance examinations like JEE Main and NEET etc will follow the syllabus of the CBSE Board for setting the question papers.

2. The syllabus of the CBSE Board is much easier.

3. In the CBSE syllabus subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are categorized under Science and History, Geography and Civics under Social Science.

4. CBSE schools are well spread across the country. CBSE is the right choice for children whose parents hold transferable jobs.

5. CBSE syllabus gives more emphasis to subjects like science and mathematics.


1. This syllabus is having less focus on practical knowledge.

2. Focus on core English Language is less when compared to other boards.

3. In CBSE, theory-based learning is more focussed

Pros and Cons of ICSE


1. The syllabus is comprehensive with all subjects getting equal importance.

2. ICSE is much better for students interested in management and finance-related courses.

3. ICSE certificates are recognized across the globe compared to CBSE certificates.

4. More importance is given to English.

5. Students will have higher flexibility in selecting specific subjects.

1. The subjects are more extensive and burdensome. Students should work hard.

2. As the syllabus is very high it is difficult to score higher marks
Author: Dr. Sanchita Ranjan      Post Date: 26 May 2023        
There are different types of boards in India which are as follows:-

1. State Boards
2. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
3. Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE)
4. Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE)
5. National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
6. International Baccalaureate (IB)
7. Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)

In India, CBSE and ICSE are two popular boards among all. In my family, most of the children are studying CBSE board. Few children are studying ICSE board.CBSE boards are easier than ICSE. CBSE pattern is based on all competitive examinations like IIT, NEET, etc. So most of the kids join the CBSE board Whereas the ICSE syllabus is tough and vast. It is suitable for management and finance subjects. The state board has a different syllabus and it is based on local culture and language. The remaining board is less in practice. It depends on the student's performance. Generally, NIOS is for that students who are unable to attend regular classes and are weak in their studies as well.
Author: Geeta      Post Date: 03 May 2023        
Being a teacher in one of the very popular international schools in Maharashtra I am exposed to the various national and international boards. There are good variety and fee, quality, and need-based boards in India.

Here are the most popular ones:

CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education):
CBSE is a national-level board in India that conducts exams for classes 10 and 12. CBSE is known for its standardized curriculum, which focuses on theoretical knowledge and rote learning. The fees for CBSE schools are moderate, ranging from Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 1 lakh per year, depending on the location and facilities offered.

ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education):
ICSE is another popular board in India that is recognized by most universities and colleges. It is known for its comprehensive curriculum that focuses on the overall development of the student, including practical and creative skills. ICSE is more challenging than CBSE, with a greater emphasis on critical thinking and analytical skills. The fees for ICSE schools are on the higher side, ranging from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 2 lakhs per year.

State Boards:
Each state in India has its own board of education that conducts exams for classes 10 and 12. State boards are known for their regional focus and flexibility in the curriculum. Their syllabus, marking, and assessments are a little different than other boards. The fees for state board schools are generally lower than CBSE and ICSE, ranging from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 50,000 per year.

IB (International Baccalaureate):
An internationally acclaimed very famous educational board for the world. The curriculum is rigorous and student-centered and assessments are truly great. IB schools are more expensive than other boards, with fees ranging from Rs. 2 lakhs to Rs. 5 lakhs per year.

IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education):
IGCSE is another international board that is recognized by universities and colleges around the world. It is similar to CBSE in its curriculum but with a greater emphasis on practical and real-world learning. IGCSE schools are also more expensive than other boards, with fees ranging from Rs. 2 lakhs to Rs. 5 lakhs per year.

In my personal experience, I have studied under the CBSE board. I was in love with the CBSE syllabus and books because they are perfect resources for competitive exams.
The fees were reasonable, and the quality of education was good.
Author: Phagu Mahato      Post Date: 03 May 2023        
There are several types of boards of education in India that oversee the school education system. The two primary types are:
  1. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE):
  2. Advantages:
    Nationally recognized board, making it easier for students to transition between schools in different states.
    Emphasizes a uniform curriculum and standardized examinations.
    Generally well-structured and widely used, with ample study materials and resources available.

    Can be perceived as having a more theoretical and rote-learning approach.
    Limited flexibility in curriculum design and teaching methodologies.
    English medium instruction can be a challenge for students from non-English backgrounds.

  3. Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE):
  4. Advantages:
    Focuses on a comprehensive and holistic approach to education, including a wide range of subjects.
    Encourages analytical and critical thinking skills.
    Offers flexibility in choosing subjects and textbooks.

    Relatively more challenging and rigorous curriculum, which may require students to invest more time and effort.
    Examinations can be demanding, requiring in-depth knowledge and understanding of concepts.
    Limited availability of schools offering ICSE curriculum, especially in remote areas.
Apart from these, there are also state boards that vary from state to state, such as the Jharkhand Academic Council, Maharashtra State Board, Tamil Nadu State Board, etc. The advantages and disadvantages of state boards can vary depending on the specific board and state. However, some common points are:

Curriculum is often aligned with the local culture, language, and needs of the state.
Greater flexibility in curriculum design and teaching methods compared to centralized boards.
Examinations may be tailored to suit regional preferences and requirements.

Transferring between schools in different states can be challenging due to differences in curriculum and evaluation systems.
Quality and standardization of education may vary across different state boards.
Limited recognition outside the respective state, which could impact college admissions or career opportunities in other regions.

It is important to note that the advantages and disadvantages mentioned above are generalizations, and individual schools within each board may differ in their quality of education and approach to teaching. It is recommended to research and evaluate specific schools under each board to make an informed decision.
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